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Benedict J. Clements and Peter J. Quirk

resource cost) are explored. A summary section concludes the paper. II. Methodology The purpose of the model developed here is to assess the distributive and employment performance of different sectors of the economy. The model draws on the pioneering work of Miyazawa (1976) linking input-output analysis and income distribution. The Miyazawa model provides the foundation for the vast majority of input-output studies on employment and income distribution in Brazil ( Kadota and Prado, 1982 ; DeJanvry and Sadoulet, 1983 ; Fonseca, 1986 , 1988 ; Fonseca and

Emilio Fernández Corugedo and Mrs. Esther Perez Ruiz
The EU Services Directive was adopted in 2006 to foster competition in services across Europe. However, progress in liberalizing services has fallen short of expectations due to the article 15 of the Directive, which allows countries to maintain pre-existing restrictions if judged necessary to protect the public interest. Through input output analysis, this paper finds important multiplier effects of greater efficiency services to the rest of the economy. A renewed impulse to the liberalization process could be given by enhancing the advocacy role of national competition authorities in interpreting the notion of public interest underpinning existing regulations.