it, and how it gets to us exerts an even greater impact on the global environment and public health. Greening food production and managing food demand are crucial for meeting the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the environmental pledge behind the UN’s Paris Agreement.
Hidden costs of foodsystems
For centuries, agriculture was dominated by family-owned farms raising diversified crops and livestock. Today, in most Group of Twenty advanced and emerging market economies, crop and animal agriculture has become heavily industrialized and reliant
yet are an emergency and catastrophe/famine, Phases 4 and 5 on the scale, respectively.
The World Food Programme projects 270 million hungry people in countries where it operates before the end of the year, 82 percent more than before the pandemic.
Global stocks of most staple grains remain adequate, but the pandemic has disrupted foodsystems already under strain. The United Nations predicts new threats to food security as a result of collapse in demand for internationally produced agri-food products, sellers’ and buyers’ lack of access to small-scale local
Front Matter Page European Department
I. FRANCE’S DEEP RURAL ROOTS
II. KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FRENCH AGRI – FOOD SECTOR
III. FRENCH AGRI-FOOD SECTOR’S EXTERNALITIES
IV. CHANGING THE FRENCH AGRI-FOODSYSTEM : A WIN-WIN-WIN PROPOSITION
V. CURRENT AGRICULTURAL POLICY
VI. ENABLING THE SHIFT:WHAT POLICY LEVERS ?
Table 1: French Agriculture (1850–2010): An Overview
Figure 1: Six Economic Facts about the French Agri-Food Sector
Figure 2: Agri-Food External Balance
-Secretary-General and UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner.
The global foodsystem has profound implications for the environment, and producing more food than is consumed only exacerbates the pressure. The report notes the following:
• More than 20 percent of all cultivated land, 30 percent of forests, and 10 percent of grasslands are undergoing degradation.
• Agriculture and land use changes, such as deforestation, contribute to more than 30 percent of total global greenhouse gas emissions.
• Some 30 percent of marine fish stocks are now considered overexploited
in Mexico provides a useful lesson for development planners elsewhere. The participatory methodology reflects Mexican conditions and institutional settings and, while it cannot be extrapolated wholesale to other environments, it does offer, mutatis mutandis , relevant lessons that are applicable more generally.
Food Policy Analysis
C. Peter Timmer, Walter P. Falcon, and Scott R. Pearson
An innovative attempt to link issues of food production and consumption. Stresses the need to understand the foodsystem in order to solve the hunger problem
impacts of the first plan, maintaining the same dynamics and pursuing the measures already underway focusing more on incentivization than regulatory measures.
IV. Changing the French Agri-FoodSystem: a win-win-win Proposition
21. A paradigm shift in French agri-foodsystem can help France on three fronts .
22. On the environmental front, both at the national and at the international level, France has committed to transform its economy so as to drastically reduce GHG emissions over the near to medium term . In November 2015, following the Paris Climate
Nicoletta Batini, Mario Di Serio, Matteo Fragetta, Mr. Giovanni Melina, and Anthony Waldron
, 2021 . Value(s): Building a Better World for All . New York : Public Affairs (Hatchet Group Books) .
Christian , W. , 2021 . Opinion: An assault from all fronts on energy independence. Speech posted on Jan 5, 2021, Texas Railroad Commission . https://www.worldoil.com/news/2021/1/5/opinion-an-assault-from-all-fronts-on-energy-independence
Clark , M. A. , N. G. G. Domingo , K. Colgan , S. K. Thakrar , D. Tilman , J. Lynch , I. L. Azevedo , J. D. Hill , 2020 . “ Global foodsystem emissions could preclude achieving