International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
anything the Bank is doing. In each area, there are remedial measures that the Bank can support. There may well be a surge in Bank funding for prevention and clean-up of such environmental problems. This is already evident in some of the countryActionPlans, for example in Mauritius. Institutional strengthening and technical capacity (to monitor developments) can be a major contribution from the Bank.
What are the main environmental issues facing the developing world, and to what extent do these emanate from within the poorest countries?
Mr. Benedict J. Clements, Ms. Gabriela Inchauste, Ms. Nita Thacker, Mr. Thomas William Dorsey, Mr. Shamsuddin Tareq, Mr. Emanuele Baldacci, Mr. Sanjeev Gupta, and Mr. Mark W. Plant
these weaknesses in PEM capacity, a vigorous program of technical assistance remains necessary. PRGF-supported programs in HIPCs can draw on the countryactionplans recently prepared in collaboration with Bank and IMF staff, which, among other things, delineate the areas in which technical assistance could be used.
External views are broadly in agreement with the staff assessments on PEM. In their formal and informal submissions for the review, donors generally agreed on the importance of PEM work and progress to date. The survey of the authorities in PRGF
by the Vientiane Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and its associated countryactionplan. 3 , 4 The CSP is amplified by ADB’s Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) strategy and program initiatives aimed at fostering connectivity, promoting large-scale foreign direct investment, and creating regional public goods.
These strategic foci are shaped by the country’s specific requirements and capabilities after extensive stakeholder consultations. The CSP is designed to achieve high impact and sustainable development results, and to contribute to the government’s MDGs and
derived from the Polish experience is the importance of solid preparatory work, such as the timely initial self-assessment to the 2002 A&A ROSC exercise. After the 2005 ROSC the country has continued to make steady progress on the basis of a detailed CountryActionPlan (CAP). It set out key actions, tasks and allocated responsibilities for implementing necessary reforms. Multidisciplinary working groups have contributed to move the agenda forward, showing the importance of having the right setup for implementing multidimensional and complex reforms. In recent years the
strengthen governance . In the spirit of multi-stakeholder collaboration, the OGP is overseen by a Steering Committee including representatives of governments and civil society organizations. To become a member of the OGP, participating countries must endorse a high-level Open Government Declaration , deliver a countryactionplan developed with public consultation, and commit to independent reporting on their progress going forward. The OGP formally launched on September 20, 2011, when the eight founding governments (Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Norway, the Philippines
health care (3 countries).
42 See IMF and World Bank (2001 and 2002a).
43 Jointly prepared with FAD.
44 See IMF and World Bank (2002a).
45 The benchmarks represent the PEM system capabilities deemed necessary for tracking poverty-reducing spending. Seven indicators relate to budget preparation, and four each to execution and reporting.
46 See IMF and World Bank (2003b) . This assessment is based on the number of measures that have been fully implemented in countries’ actionplans, and assumes no slippages in other areas since the
Source : Staff of four MDBs: World Bank, AfDB, IADB, and ADB.
Progress in Results Management
The Third Roundtable on Managing for Development, held in Hanoi in February 2007, built on the findings of the 2004 Marrakech Roundtable. It provided a venue and format for each of the 43 country delegations to summarize their experiences and to initiate a countryactionplanning process, with targets for steps to be completed in advance of the Ghana High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness to be held in September 2008. The Hanoi Round-table provided
. This tool consists of a set of questionnaires under each of the following four components: (a) A&A environment, (b) national accounting standards in relation to IASs, (c) actual accounting practices in relation to national standards, and (d) auditing standards and practices. The process adopts a highly participatory approach, with strong involvement of policy makers and other country stakeholders, and culminates in the creation of a countryactionplan. The information gathered from the diagnostic tool is supplemented with a due diligence exercise to capture primary