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Josette Sheeran

treatment, including the ready-to-use peanut-based supplement Plumpy’Sup, Sadak is healthy. His round face and uplifting smile are proof that this investment pays off in lives saved. Research in the British medical journal The Lancet confirms that children who do not have adequate nutrition for the first 1,000 days from conception to the age of two are at risk for inadequate brain development and permanent damage. Hunger and malnutrition are long-term economic problems that reduce the earning potential of individuals and the human capital of nations. A study

International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

productivity within the agricultural sector is needed for India to achieve its Sustainable Development Goal of ending all forms of malnutrition by 2030 . Hunger and Malnutrition 1. While India has achieved its Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target of reducing poverty by half, it has fallen short of achieving the target for reducing hunger . India ranked 97th out of 118 countries on the International Food Policy Research Institute’s Global Hunger Index (GHI) in 2016, lagging behind most of its peers. Although India is one of the world’s largest producers of rice and

International Monetary Fund
The aim of the paper is to shift the focus of famine analysis away from food supply towards the macroeconomic determinants of food entitlement—i.e., to the ability of individuals to purchase food. Towards this end, we develop a model to demonstrate how loose monetary and fiscal policies may give rise to famine even when there is no change in per capita food output. We illustrate our findings with a description of the 1974 Bangladesh famine.
WENDY S. AYRES and ALEX F. McCALLA

fiscal-transfer mechanisms, develop their legal authority, strengthen their administrative and technical competence, and develop participatory mechanisms for assessing projects. Improving food utilization Integrating household food security and nutrition policy into rural development operations . Working with its partners, the World Bank is deeply engaged in supporting efforts to reduce hunger and malnutrition. It has made particularly strong progress in helping developing countries improve their poor populations’ nutrition, for which analytical work and

International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly magazine brings you in-depth analyses of these and other subjects by the IMF’s own staff as well as by prominent international experts. Articles are written for lay readers who want to enrich their understanding of the workings of the global economy and the policies and activities of the IMF.

International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

This Selected Issues paper examines how surges in global financial market volatility spill over to emerging market economies (EMs) including India. The results suggest that a surge in global financial market volatility is transmitted very strongly to key macroeconomic and financial variables of EMs, and the extent of its pass-through increases with the depth of external balance-sheet linkages between advanced countries and EMs. The paper also looks at food inflation, which has often been singled out as a key driver of India’s high and persistent inflation.