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International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.
This Technical Assistance Report discusses measures to strengthen cash management in Uganda. It recommends establishing a high-level cash management committee to provide the necessary authority to the Cash Policy Department (CPD) in maintaining its relationships, in constantly improving the cash flow forecasts, and in operating active cash management transactions. In the medium term, when cash flow forecasting has gained sufficient accuracy, the CPD must prepare for active cash management operations which will consist of short-term borrowing and investment. An appropriate cash buffer level also needs to be calculated which will define the necessary money market transactions to smooth government cash operations.
International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
This 2019 Article IV Consultation with Republic of Nauru highlights that it remains vulnerable to climate change and has a narrow economic base and limited capacity. Development challenges are increased by unavailability of land and high incidence of noncommunicable diseases. Growth was stronger than expected in FY2018 but slowed in FY2019. The outlook is subdued, with growth expected to reach 2 percent in the medium term. Revenues are projected to decline, necessitating a fiscal adjustment. Risks are skewed to the downside and include the scaling down of Regional Processing Centre activity and revenues, volatile fishing revenues, climate change, and delays in fiscal and structural reforms. Fiscal adjustment is required to avoid a breach of the fiscal anchor, contain debt, and maintain the Trust Fund contributions. New sources of economic growth and income are needed to support Nauru’s development agenda. Policies should be implemented in the near term to support private sector activity, including through financial sector development, state-owned enterprises reform, and land rehabilitation. The effectiveness of education and health spending needs to be improved to meet development goals.
International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.
This Technical Assistance Report discusses recommendations for strengthening cash management and reviewing of the treasury single account in Uganda. The Cash Management Guidelines in Uganda have been approved. The coverage of the cash resource pool must be precisely defined and non-budget flows excluded. The cash flow forecasting model should continue to be developed along the lines given in previous Technical Assistance reports. The publication and dissemination of the Guidelines will provide authority to the Cash Policy Department to implement a program of training and capacity building within the central government entities in coordination with other directorates of the Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development. This should be started as soon as the Guidelines are released.
Israel Fainboim Yaker and Mr. Sandeep Saxena
Well-developed cash management aims to improve government operational efficiency and facilitates better service delivery by ensuring liquidity to meet payment obligations as they fall due. Liquidity, however, comes at a cost. Governments can reduce the cost of maintaining liquidity by proactively managing their cash balance at an appropriate level and prudently investing any excess liquidity. This note discusses the policy framework and processes that governments should put in place to identify, guide, and govern the investment of their surplus cash resources.
Mr. Emre Balibek, Mr. Tobias Haque, Diego Rivetti, and Ms. Miriam Tamene
This report provides guidance on using the Analytical Tool of the Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy (MTDS). The MTDS framework consists of a methodology, published as the ‘Guidance Note for Developing a Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy’, and an associated analytical tool (AT) that can be used to assess the cost-risk trade-offs of alternative strategies to help identify the preferred strategy. The MTDS framework supported by the AT quantitative analysis helps to determine the financing strategy. The chosen debt management strategy sets out the financing composition path to meet the debt management objective(s). The profile of future interest payments and the amortizations of new debt are driven by the debt management strategy. The MTDS AT is based on annual cash flow. Although this assumption is enough for analyzing alternative debt management strategies, in some cases, particularly for countries that are heavily dependent on short-term securities with maturities of less than a year, it would be helpful to work with cash flows with higher frequency.
International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.
This Technical Assistance Report discusses recommendations for enhancing the performance of public investment management in Uganda. The current public investment program (PIP) is overextended and a stock-take is required (by September 2017) as the basis for further decisions. Cabinet endorsement of important decisions on the PIP is needed to provide a framework for subsequent planning, budgeting and decision making by the Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development (MoFPED), the National Planning Authority (NPA), and Ministries, Departments, and Agencies. To inform the Cabinet decision on the PIP, a comprehensive review of the PIP should be conducted each September/October jointly between the MoFPED, the NPA and the sectors concerned under the auspices of the Development Committee.
Mario Pessoa and Michael J. Williams
This technical note and manual (TNM) addresses the following main issues: Interaction between treasury cash management and monetary policy operations within the wider context of the respective economic responsibilities of the ministry of finance and the central bank; Institutional arrangements for an effective relationship between the treasury and the central bank; Contractual arrangements between the treasury and the central bank for the provision of banking and other services. This document will be particularly relevant to developing countries that are reforming cash management operations or contemplating more active cash management; or where there are operational policy differences between the treasury and the central bank.
International Monetary Fund
This technical note describes the interaction of government cash management with other financial policies. The note offers guidance on policy, institutional, and practical issues for governments looking to develop a more sophisticated cash management function, specifically to move toward more active cash management. This involves financial market intervention by the government cash manager, with the aim of smoothing the projected short-term profile of the government’s net cash balances. The note is particularly relevant to emerging market countries where there are already functioning, if not necessarily well-developed, domestic money and bond markets.