France is the top agricultural producer in the European Union (EU), and agriculture plays a prominent role in the country’s foreign trade and intermediate exchanges. Reflecting production volumes and methods, the sector, however, also generates significant negative environmental and public health externalities. Recent model simulations show that a
well-designed shift in production and consumption to make the former sustainable and align the latter with recommended values can curb these considerably and generate large macroeconomic gains. I propose a policy toolkit in line with the government’s existing sectoral policies that can support this transition.
following the globalization of food habits, French people today consume considerable more calories and meat. 15 And while they consume the same amount or more fruit than other advanced peers, they consume less vegetables, on average. ( Figure 5 ). 16
Figure 5: The Agri-Food Sector’s Public Health Externalities
17. In per capita terms, France has become the first consumer of fat in the world . The FAOFoodBalanceSheetDataset ranks France’s per capita daily fat intake 1st in the world, the protein daily intake at the 5th place in the world, and the per capita