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Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development*

Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development* »

Source: Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development

Volume/Issue: 2019/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dong Frank Wu , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2019

ISBN: 9781484399613

Keywords: Shadow economy, National income, Social safety nets, Labor market flexibility, Economic growth, institutional factor, non-institutional, regression, long-run, country group

This paper is the first attempt to directly explore the long-run nonlinear relationship between the shadow economy and level of development. Using a dataset of 158 countries over the period from 1996 to 2015, our r...

Export Diversification in Low-Income Countries and Small States: Do Country Size and Income Level Matter?1

Export Diversification in Low-Income Countries and Small States: Do Country Size and Income Level Matter?1 »

Source: Export Diversification in Low-Income Countries and Small States: Do Country Size and Income Level Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2019/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dongyeol Lee , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498315654

Keywords: Economic stabilization, Economic growth, Service exports, Terms of trade, Export diversification, Export Diversfication, Growth, Volatility, Low-Income Countries, Small States

Export structure is less diversified in low-income countries (LICs) and especially small states that face resource constraints and small economic size. This paper explores the potential linkages between export stru...

Measuring the Digital Economy

Measuring the Digital Economy »

Source: Measuring the Digital Economy

Volume/Issue: 2018/016

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2018

ISBN: 9781498307369

Keywords: Cost of living, National income, Price indexes, Monetary statistics, Financial statistics, digitalization, digital product, digital economy, MNEs, deflator

"Digitalization encompasses a wide range of new applications of information technology in business models and products that are transforming the economy and social interactions. Digitalization is both an enabler an...

Costs of Sovereign Defaults: Restructuring Strategies, Bank Distress and the Capital Inflow-Credit Channel

Costs of Sovereign Defaults: Restructuring Strategies, Bank Distress and the Capital Inflow-Credit Channel »

Source: Costs of Sovereign Defaults: Restructuring Strategies, Bank Distress and the Capital Inflow-Credit Channel

Volume/Issue: 2019/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamon Asonuma , Marcos Chamon , Aitor Erce , and Akira Sasahara

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498303255

Keywords: Sovereign debt restructuring, Business cycles, Capital inflows, Domestic debt, Current account deficits, Sovereign Debt, Sovereign Defaults, Sovereign Debt Restructurings, GDP Growth, Investment

Sovereign debt restructurings are associated with declines in GDP, investment, bank credit, and capital flows. The transmission channels and associated output and banking sector costs depend on whether the restruct...

Macroeconomic Policy Frameworks for Resource-Rich Developing Countries--Analytic Frameworks and Applications

Macroeconomic Policy Frameworks for Resource-Rich Developing Countries--Analytic Frameworks and Applications »

Source: Macroeconomic Policy Frameworks for Resource-Rich Developing Countries--Analytic Frameworks and Applications

Volume/Issue: 2012/071

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2012

ISBN: 9781498340007

Keywords: Developing countries, Exchange rate policy, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Investment, Monetary policy, Natural resources, Oil revenues, Republic of Congo, Savings

This supplement presents the analytical frameworks underlying the IMF's staff's enhanced policy analysis and advice to resource-rich developing countries (RRDCs). The proposed macro-fiscal models, which are applied...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Growth, Savings, and Investment, 1986-93

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Martin Mühleisen , Dhaneshwar Ghura , Roger Nord , Michael Hadjimichael , and E. Ucer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

ISBN: 9781557754585

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, interest, debt, public debt

The experience of sub-Saharan African countries with structural adjustment has been extensively reviewed over the past few years, both inside and outside the IMF. 1 The renewed in...

IV Empirical Determinants of Growth, Savings, and Investment

IV Empirical Determinants of Growth, Savings, and Investment »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Growth, Savings, and Investment, 1986-93

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Martin Mühleisen , Dhaneshwar Ghura , Roger Nord , Michael Hadjimichael , and E. Ucer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

ISBN: 9781557754585

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, interest, debt, public debt

This section reports the results of an empirical investigation of the factors that influenced growth, savings, and investment in sub-Saharan Africa during 1986–92. A multiple regression framework is used to...

III. Financial and Structural Policies: The Broad Front for Reform

III. Financial and Structural Policies: The Broad Front for Reform »

Source: Economic Adjustment in Low-Income Countries : Experience Under the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): F. Rozwadowski , Siddharth Tiwari , David Robinson , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1993

ISBN: 9781557753366

Keywords: current account, export prices, export volume, external debt, terms of trade

The exceptionally weak economic performance and structural characteristics of the ESAF countries meant that a wide range of policy changes and reforms were needed. Generally, programs aimed at containing exc...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: Economic Adjustment in Low-Income Countries : Experience Under the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): F. Rozwadowski , Siddharth Tiwari , David Robinson , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1993

ISBN: 9781557753366

Keywords: current account, export prices, export volume, external debt, terms of trade

Table A1. Basic Indicators Prior to SAF/ESAF Period (Annual average during the three years preceding first SAF- or E...

II. The Setting

II. The Setting »

Source: Economic Adjustment in Low-Income Countries : Experience Under the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): F. Rozwadowski , Siddharth Tiwari , David Robinson , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1993

ISBN: 9781557753366

Keywords: current account, export prices, export volume, external debt, terms of trade

The economic and social structures of the 19 countries under review made them unusually vulnerable to adverse weather and world market conditions as well as poor domestic financial policies. Incomes per capi...