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Benin

Benin »

Source: Benin : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1998/88

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 1998

ISBN: 9781451803334

Keywords: expenditure, wage, salaries, per, salary

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix examines some aspects of the civil service reform in Benin. It describes the main features of the promotion and compensation system currently in place; assesses t...

2018 Review of Program Design and Conditionality—Case Studies

2018 Review of Program Design and Conditionality—Case Studies »

Source: 2018 Review of Program Design and Conditionality

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498315715

Keywords: Economic growth, Capital expenditure, Debt sustainability, Public debt, Fiscal adjustment, conditionality, program design, RoC, WEO, GRA

The 2018 Review of Program Design and Conditionality is the first comprehensive stocktaking of Fund lending operations since the global financial crisis. The review assesses program performance between September 20...

Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development*

Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development* »

Source: Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development

Volume/Issue: 2019/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dong Frank Wu , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2019

ISBN: 9781484399613

Keywords: Shadow economy, National income, Social safety nets, Labor market flexibility, Economic growth, institutional factor, non-institutional, regression, long-run, country group

This paper is the first attempt to directly explore the long-run nonlinear relationship between the shadow economy and level of development. Using a dataset of 158 countries over the period from 1996 to 2015, our r...

2018 Review of Program Design and Conditionality

2018 Review of Program Design and Conditionality »

Source: 2018 Review of Program Design and Conditionality

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498315715

Keywords: Economic growth, Capital expenditure, Debt sustainability, Public debt, Fiscal adjustment, conditionality, program design, RoC, WEO, GRA

The 2018 Review of Program Design and Conditionality is the first comprehensive stocktaking of Fund lending operations since the global financial crisis. The review assesses program performance between September 20...

Wage Expenditures of Central Governments

Wage Expenditures of Central Governments »

Source: Wage Expenditures of Central Governments

Volume/Issue: 1995/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451842739

Keywords: expenditures, wage, wage expenditures, expenditure

Central government wage expenditures accounted for 7 percent of GDP in 99 countries during 1980-90 (unweighted average). Regression analysis indicates that federations, countries with high populations and high per...

ISORA 2016

ISORA 2016 »

Source: ISORA 2016 : Understanding Revenue Administration

Volume/Issue: 2019/5

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): William Joseph Crandall , Elizabeth Gavin , and Andrew Masters

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2019

ISBN: 9781484383216

Keywords: Revenue administration, Tax administration code and regulations, Tax revenue, Tax administration, Consumption taxes, Tax evasion, Tax legislation, higher-income;lower-income;lower-income group;on-time;fragile state

This paper presents the results of the International Survey on Revenue Administration (ISORA) deployed during 2016 and covering fiscal years 2014 and 2015. It is made possible by the participation of 135 tax admini...

Chapter 2 Curbing Corruption

Chapter 2 Curbing Corruption »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2019 : Curbing Corruption

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2019

ISBN: 9781498302180

Keywords: Corruption, Corruption in politics. Economic aspects, Economic growth, Economic stabilization, Economic integration, Tax revenue, Fiscal policy, inclusive growth, global integration, fiscal outlook

Introduction Corruption—the abuse of public office for private gain—distorts the activities of the state and ultimately takes a toll on economic growth and the quality of people’s li...