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Sub-Saharan Employment Developments

Sub-Saharan Employment Developments »

Source: Sub-Saharan Employment Developments : The Important Role of Household Enterprises with an Application to Rwanda

Volume/Issue: 2015/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2015

ISBN: 9781513513034

Keywords: structural transformation, household enterprises, salaried employment, workers, labor, labor force, labor market, General, General,

This paper documents the structural transformation in employment that has taken place in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) over the past 15 years. In contrast to Asian economies, where at least half of the labor flows out o...

Importing Inputs for Climate Change Mitigation: The Case of Agricultural Productivity

Importing Inputs for Climate Change Mitigation: The Case of Agricultural Productivity »

Source: Importing Inputs for Climate Change Mitigation: The Case of Agricultural Productivity

Volume/Issue: 2019/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Alexis Meyer-Cirkel , Akira Sasahara , and Hans Weisfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484393826

Keywords: Price indexes, Economic growth, Real effective exchange rates, Total factor productivity, Capital stocks, Agricultural Productivity;TFP;Imported Inputs;Weather Shocks;Climate Change Mitigation;LICs.;high-income country;low share;value-added;middle-income country

This paper estimates agricultural total factor productivity (TFP) in 162 countries between 1991 and 2015 and aims to understand sources of cross-country variations in agricultural TFP levels and its growth rates. T...

The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth

The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth »

Source: The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth : Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Asia

Volume/Issue: 2013/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ravi Balakrishnan , Chad Steinberg , and Murtaza Syed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2013

ISBN: 9781475531169

Keywords: Inequality, Labor Market, pro-poor, gini, income distribution, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Government Policy and Regulation, General, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

This paper assesses how pro-poor and inclusive Asia’s recent growth has been, and what factors have been driving these outcomes. It finds that while poverty has fallen across the region over the last two dec...

Aid Scaling Up

Aid Scaling Up »

Source: Aid Scaling Up : Do Wage Bill Ceilings Stand in the Way?

Volume/Issue: 2006/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Annalisa Fedelino , Gerd Schwartz , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

ISBN: 9781451863666

Keywords: IMF conditionality, aid scaling up, MDGs, wage, salaries, civil service, government wages, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, Wages, Compensation

This paper assesses whether the scaling up of aid and the resulting increase in government spending that is needed to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) would be hampered by wage bill ceilings that are of...

Informality and Gender Gaps Going Hand in Hand

Informality and Gender Gaps Going Hand in Hand »

Source: Informality and Gender Gaps Going Hand in Hand

Volume/Issue: 2019/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vivian Malta , Lisa Kolovich , Angelica Martinez , and Marina Mendes Tavares

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498314718

Keywords: Demographic indicators, Labor force participation, Nonmetropolitan areas, Social security, Human capital, Informal Economy, Gender Gaps, sub-Saharan Africa, Senegal., gender gap

In sub-Saharan Africa women work relatively more in the informal sector than men. Many factors could explain this difference, including women's lower education levels, legal barriers, social norms and demographic c...

Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development*

Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development* »

Source: Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development

Volume/Issue: 2019/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dong Frank Wu , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2019

ISBN: 9781484399613

Keywords: Shadow economy, National income, Social safety nets, Labor market flexibility, Economic growth, institutional factor, non-institutional, regression, long-run, country group

This paper is the first attempt to directly explore the long-run nonlinear relationship between the shadow economy and level of development. Using a dataset of 158 countries over the period from 1996 to 2015, our r...

Wage Expenditures of Central Governments

Wage Expenditures of Central Governments »

Source: Wage Expenditures of Central Governments

Volume/Issue: 1995/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451842739

Keywords: expenditures, wage, wage expenditures, expenditure

Central government wage expenditures accounted for 7 percent of GDP in 99 countries during 1980-90 (unweighted average). Regression analysis indicates that federations, countries with high populations and high per...

Africa's Got Work to Do

Africa's Got Work to Do »

Source: Africa's Got Work to Do : Employment Prospects in the New Century

Volume/Issue: 2013/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Louise Fox , Cleary Haines , Jorge Huerta Munoz , and Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484389195

Keywords: wage employment, household enterprises, labor, General, Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure, Sub-Saharan Africa.,

Estimates of the current and future structure of employment in sub-Saharan Africa (2005–20) are obtained based on household survey estimates for 28 countries and an elasticity-type model that relates employm...

Are Immigrant Remittance Flows a Source of Capital for Development?

Are Immigrant Remittance Flows a Source of Capital for Development? »

Source: Are Immigrant Remittance Flows a Source of Capital for Development?

Volume/Issue: 2003/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Samir Jahjah , Ralph Chami , and Connel Fullenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

ISBN: 9781451859638

Keywords: altruism, asymmetric information, private income transfers, worker, worker remittances, migration, remittance, Asymmetric and Private Information, Household Behavior, International Factor Movements and International Business,

The role of remittances in development and economic growth is not well understood. This is partly because the literatures on the causes and effects of remittances remain separate. We develop a framework that links...

The Quality of Governance

The Quality of Governance »

Source: The Quality of Governance : 'Second-Generation' Civil Service Reform in Africa

Volume/Issue: 1998/164

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1998

ISBN: 9781451980240

Keywords: human capital, migration, growth, wage, wages, salary, salaries

This paper argues that the development of human capital in the public sector should be an important ingredient in any proposed set of “second-generation” reforms for Africa. In the post-colonial era t...