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Cyclical Patterns of Government Expenditures in Sub-Saharan Africa

Cyclical Patterns of Government Expenditures in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Cyclical Patterns of Government Expenditures in Sub-Saharan Africa : Facts and Factors

Volume/Issue: 2009/274

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Irene Yackovlev , Victor Lledo , and Lucie Gadenne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451874198

Keywords: and sub-Saharan Africa, government spending, fiscal space, expenditures,

This paper documents cyclical patterns of government expenditures in sub-Saharan Africa since 1970 and explains variation between countries and over time. Controlling for endogeneity, it finds government expenditur...

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1988

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451942262

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, foreign currencies, foreign trade, exchange rates, direct investment, exchange transactions

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries 1 (as of date shown on first country pa...

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1990

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

ISBN: 9781451942392

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange control, exchange rate, foreign investment, foreign currencies, foreign trade, exchange transactions, exchange rates, foreign bank

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries 1 (as of date shown...

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade System in Member Countries1

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade System in Member Countries1 »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1992

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451942491

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, foreign currencies, exchange rates, exchange transactions, foreign trade, direct investment

(as of date shown on first country page) 2...

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1986

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1986

ISBN: 9781616352004

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange control, exchange rate, foreign investment, foreign currencies, foreign trade, exchange rates, direct investment, exchange transactions

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries 1 (as of date shown on first country pa...

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1985

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1985

ISBN: 9781616352011

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange control, exchange rate, foreign investment, foreign trade, foreign currencies, direct investment, exchange rates, exchange transactions

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries 1 (as of date shown on first country pa...

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1993

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1993

ISBN: 9781451942545

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, exchange transactions, foreign currencies, exchange rates, foreign trade, direct investments

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries 1 (as of date shown on first country pa...

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1994

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451942606

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, exchange rates, foreign currencies, exchange transactions, foreign bank, foreign trade

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries 1 (as of date shown on first country pa...

Developments in the International Exchange Rate and Restrictive Systems

Developments in the International Exchange Rate and Restrictive Systems »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1985

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1985

ISBN: 9781616352011

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange control, exchange rate, foreign investment, foreign trade, foreign currencies, direct investment, exchange rates, exchange transactions

I. Introduction The period covered by this Report is 1984 and, for major developments, the first quarter of1985. The Report draws on information available to the Fund...

Developments in the International Exchange Rate and Restrictive Systems

Developments in the International Exchange Rate and Restrictive Systems »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1988

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451942262

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, foreign currencies, foreign trade, exchange rates, direct investment, exchange transactions

I. Introduction The period covered by this Report is 1987 and, for major developments, the first quarter of 1988. The International Monetary Fund’s Articles of Agreem...