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External Debt Histories of Ten Low-Income Developing Countries

External Debt Histories of Ten Low-Income Developing Countries »

Source: External Debt Histories of Ten Low-Income Developing Countries : Lessons from Their Experience

Volume/Issue: 1998/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kevin Ross , R. Brooks , Robert Powell , Ydahlia Metzgen Quemarez , Doris Ross , Mariano Cortes , Saqib Rizavi , Benoit Ketchekmen , and Francesca Fornasari

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451849318

Keywords: External Debt, HIPCs, Low-Income Countries, debt, creditors, debt burden, debt stock

The external debt burden of many low-income developing countries has increased significantly since the 1970s. Developments in a sample of ten countries show that the main factors behind the buildup of debt were (1)...

Reserve Pooling in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union and the CFA Franc Zone

Reserve Pooling in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union and the CFA Franc Zone »

Source: Reserve Pooling in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union and the CFA Franc Zone : A Comparative Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2001/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hazel Selvon , Tracy Polius , and Oral Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451852769

Keywords: ECCU, CFA franc zone, reserve pooling, monetary authority, terms of trade, monetary union, monetary unions, central bank, Econometric and Statistical Methods: General, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

The paper presents a comparison of the gains from the pooling of reserves, and hence reserve variability, in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) and the CFA franc zone. The results indicate that countries w...

Forests in development: The rapid depletion of forests in the developing world emphasizes the need for comprehensive forestry policies

Forests in development: The rapid depletion of forests in the developing world emphasizes the need for comprehensive forestry policies »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1979

Volume/Issue: 16/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1979

ISBN: 9781616353391

Keywords: monetary fund, banking, development banking, bank loans, offshore banking

This paper highlights that the fight against worldwide inflation was the main theme of the Finance Ministers and central bank Governors from 138 member countries that participated in the 1979 Annual Meeting of the...

Rehabilitating watersheds: Reforestation, though necessary, is only part of a broader development strategy to preserve watershed environments

Rehabilitating watersheds: Reforestation, though necessary, is only part of a broader development strategy to preserve watershed environments »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1982

Volume/Issue: 19/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1982

ISBN: 9781616353483

Keywords: bank loans, government expenditures, structural adjustment, bank management

This paper highlights that important changes have been made in the World Bank's management systems since Mr. A. W. Clausen became President in July 1981. The changes reflect Mr. Clausen's belief that there needs to...

Country experience in providing for basic needs: Studies of country policies geared toward meeting the basic needs of the poorest provide a basis for identifying key macroeconomic elements of such policies

Country experience in providing for basic needs: Studies of country policies geared toward meeting the basic needs of the poorest provide a basis for identifying key macroeconomic elements of such policies »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1979

Volume/Issue: 16/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1979

ISBN: 9781616353391

Keywords: monetary fund, banking, development banking, bank loans, offshore banking

This paper highlights that the fight against worldwide inflation was the main theme of the Finance Ministers and central bank Governors from 138 member countries that participated in the 1979 Annual Meeting of the...

Sources of Inflation in Developing Countries1

Sources of Inflation in Developing Countries1 »

Source: Sources of Inflation in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2001/198

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , and Phillip Swagel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

ISBN: 9781451860061

Keywords: exchange rate, money growth, exchange rates

This paper develops stylized facts about the inflation process in developing countries, focusing particularly on the relationship between the exchange rate regime and the sources of inflation. Using annual data fro...

Exchange Rate Strategies and Fiscal Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa

Exchange Rate Strategies and Fiscal Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: IMF Staff papers, Volume 41 No. 1

Volume: 41

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451957037

Keywords: growth rate, endogenous growth, growth model, economic growth, per capita income

This paper examines effects of economic growth and speed of adjustment on openness, human development, and fiscal policies. The model developed in this paper postulates that learning through experience raises labor...

The Export Performance of Sub-Saharan Africa, 1970-19+L69390: A Survey

The Export Performance of Sub-Saharan Africa, 1970-19+L69390: A Survey »

Source: The Export Performance of Sub-Saharan Africa, 1970-19+L69390 : A Survey

Volume/Issue: 1992/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1992

ISBN: 9781451847567

Keywords: export earnings, export performance, export quotas, export markets

The export performance of Sub-Saharan Africa has lagged behind that of developing countries in other regions for the past two decades, and total export proceeds have fallen significantly since 1980. Many factors ex...

Testing the Neoclassical Theory of Economic Growth

Testing the Neoclassical Theory of Economic Growth »

Source: Testing the Neoclassical Theory of Economic Growth : A Panel Data Approach

Volume/Issue: 1992/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Knight , Delano Villanueva , and Norman Loayza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1992

ISBN: 9781451947052

Keywords: economic growth, per capita income, growth rate, real gdp, international trade

Several recent empirical studies have examined determinants of economic growth using country average (cross-section) data. In contrast, this paper employs a technique for using a panel of both cross-section and tim...

Crises and Liquidity

Crises and Liquidity »

Source: Crises and Liquidity : Evidence and Interpretation

Volume/Issue: 2001/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrica Detragiache , and Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451841763

Keywords: Debt crises, creditor runs, short-term debt, debt service, probability, external debt, liquidity variables, International Lending and Debt Problems,

In a large panel of countries, we find that less liquid countries are more likely to default on their external debt. Specifically, for given total external debt, the probability of a crisis increases with the propo...