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IV Key Feature 3: Budgets That Are More Pro-Poor and Pro-Growth

IV Key Feature 3: Budgets That Are More Pro-Poor and Pro-Growth »

Source: Is the PRGF Living Up to Expectations?

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Gabriela Inchauste , Nita Thacker , Thomas Dorsey , Shamsuddin Tareq , Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Mark Plant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061125

Keywords: conditionality, pem, poverty reduction, structural conditionality, public spending

This key feature sets out the expectations that PRGF-supported programs increase poverty-reducing expenditures, improve the efficiency and targeting of these and other expenditures, and include tax reforms t...

V Key Feature 4: Ensuring Appropriate Flexibility in Fiscal Targets

V Key Feature 4: Ensuring Appropriate Flexibility in Fiscal Targets »

Source: Is the PRGF Living Up to Expectations?

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Gabriela Inchauste , Nita Thacker , Thomas Dorsey , Shamsuddin Tareq , Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Mark Plant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061125

Keywords: conditionality, pem, poverty reduction, structural conditionality, public spending

This key feature sets out the expectation that fiscal targets in PRGF-supported programs should be designed in a manner that allows greater flexibility in accommodating higher public expenditures and accommo...

III Tax Structure

III Tax Structure »

Source: Taxation in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , M. Yücelik , Peter Griffith , and Carlos Aguirre

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1981

ISBN: 9781557750815

Keywords: taxation, sales tax, tax system, tax administration, sales taxes

Apart from the level of taxation, it is important to consider the structure of the tax system. As already indicated, the structure of the tax system is the result of many different...

VI Key Feature 5: More Selective Structural Conditionality

VI Key Feature 5: More Selective Structural Conditionality »

Source: Is the PRGF Living Up to Expectations?

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Gabriela Inchauste , Nita Thacker , Thomas Dorsey , Shamsuddin Tareq , Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Mark Plant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061125

Keywords: conditionality, pem, poverty reduction, structural conditionality, public spending

This key feature sets out the expectation that conditionality in PRGF-supported programs should focus on the IMF’s core areas of expertise and limit conditionality to key measures for the program....

STATISTICAL TABLES

STATISTICAL TABLES »

Source: Taxation in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , M. Yücelik , Peter Griffith , and Carlos Aguirre

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1981

ISBN: 9781557750815

Keywords: taxation, sales tax, tax system, tax administration, sales taxes

Table 1. Selected Countries of Sub-Saharan Africa: Surface Area, Population, Per Capita Income, and Openness (Imports-Gross Domesti...

V Taxation of the Agricultural Sector

V Taxation of the Agricultural Sector »

Source: Taxation in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , M. Yücelik , Peter Griffith , and Carlos Aguirre

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1981

ISBN: 9781557750815

Keywords: taxation, sales tax, tax system, tax administration, sales taxes

Introduction Agriculture is the most important economic sector in the majority of the countries in the sub-Saharan region (see Part II, Table 2). It is characterized by a preponderan...

III Taxation of Imports

III Taxation of Imports »

Source: Taxation in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , M. Yücelik , Peter Griffith , and Carlos Aguirre

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1981

ISBN: 9781557750815

Keywords: taxation, sales tax, tax system, tax administration, sales taxes

Introduction Most countries in the region still rely heavily on the taxation of imports for revenue; this reliance reflects the inadequacies of other tax bases and the countries’ rel...

IV Taxation of Consumption

IV Taxation of Consumption »

Source: Taxation in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , M. Yücelik , Peter Griffith , and Carlos Aguirre

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1981

ISBN: 9781557750815

Keywords: taxation, sales tax, tax system, tax administration, sales taxes

Introduction Like countries in other regions of the world, sub-Saharan African countries are using several tax instruments to collect revenue from domestic consumption....

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Is the PRGF Living Up to Expectations?

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Gabriela Inchauste , Nita Thacker , Thomas Dorsey , Shamsuddin Tareq , Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Mark Plant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061125

Keywords: conditionality, pem, poverty reduction, structural conditionality, public spending

In late 1999 the IMF established the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) to integrate the objectives of poverty reduction and growth more fully into its operations for the poorest countries, and to base th...