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IMF lending: Stand-By, EFF, and PRGF arrangements as of November 30, 2005

IMF lending: Stand-By, EFF, and PRGF arrangements as of November 30, 2005 »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 35, Issue 02

Volume/Issue: 35/2

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451967715

Keywords: international monetary fund, responsibility, united nations

De Rato in Brazil; Article IV summaries: Pakistan, Ukraine, CEMAC; Dawson on IMF's transparency revolution; Capital flight, institutions, and instability; Eastern Caribbean; Germany's regulation; Kazakhstan's non-o...

The Debt Problem of Sub-Saharan Africa

The Debt Problem of Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1987

Volume/Issue: 24/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1987

ISBN: 9781616353681

Keywords: developing countries, finance, debt, monetary fund, lending

The issue of capital flight from developing countries is discussed. The debt problems of developing countries coupled with the sharp decline in international lending to many countries have evoked great interest in...

Africa’s Adjustment and Growth

Africa’s Adjustment and Growth »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1989

Volume/Issue: 26/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451952445

Keywords: debt reduction, balance of payments, external finance, external financing, debt burden

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

The Evolving Role of IDA

The Evolving Role of IDA »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1989

Volume/Issue: 26/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451952445

Keywords: debt reduction, balance of payments, external finance, external financing, debt burden

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Are Africa’s Currency Unions Good for Trade?

Are Africa’s Currency Unions Good for Trade? »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 4

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2009

ISBN: 9781589069107

Keywords: sovereign default, sovereign debt, external debt, sovereign defaults, current account

This paper empirically evaluates four types of costs that may result from an international sovereign default: reputational costs, international trade exclusion costs, costs to the domestic economy through the finan...

Restructuring of Commercial Bank Debt by Developing Countries

Restructuring of Commercial Bank Debt by Developing Countries »

Source: Restructuring of Commercial Bank Debt by Developing Countries : Lessons from Recent Experience

Volume/Issue: 1993/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Charles Collyns

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1993

ISBN: 9781451971187

Keywords: debt reduction, debt restructuring, bank debt, debt service, debt service reduction

A number of developing countries, including some of the largest debtors, have recently completed comprehensive debt and debt service restructuring packages with their commercial bank creditors. The experience of th...

FDI Spillovers, Financial Markets, and Economic Development

FDI Spillovers, Financial Markets, and Economic Development »

Source: FDI Spillovers, Financial Markets, and Economic Development

Volume/Issue: 2003/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selin Sayek , Laura Alfaro , Areendam Chanda , and Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

ISBN: 9781451859485

Keywords: fdi, financial sector, financial market, foreign capital, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

This paper examines the role financial markets play in the relationship between foreign direct investment (FDI) and economic development. We model an economy with a continuum of agents indexed by their level of abi...

The Optimal Level of Reserves for Low-Income Countries: Self-Insurance against External Shocks

The Optimal Level of Reserves for Low-Income Countries: Self-Insurance against External Shocks »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 4

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2009

ISBN: 9781589069107

Keywords: sovereign default, sovereign debt, external debt, sovereign defaults, current account

This paper empirically evaluates four types of costs that may result from an international sovereign default: reputational costs, international trade exclusion costs, costs to the domestic economy through the finan...

Global Dispersion of Current Accounts: Is the Universe Expanding?

Global Dispersion of Current Accounts: Is the Universe Expanding? »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 3

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2009

ISBN: 9781589068209

Keywords: trade openness, trade liberalization, import duties, transition economies, trade barriers

Studies of the impact of trade openness on growth are based either on crosscountry analysis—which lacks transparency—or case studies—which lack statistical rigor. This paper applies a transpare...

Trade Openness and Growth: Pursuing Empirical Glasnost

Trade Openness and Growth: Pursuing Empirical Glasnost »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 3

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2009

ISBN: 9781589068209

Keywords: trade openness, trade liberalization, import duties, transition economies, trade barriers

Studies of the impact of trade openness on growth are based either on crosscountry analysis—which lacks transparency—or case studies—which lack statistical rigor. This paper applies a transpare...