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The Informal Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa

The Informal Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: The Informal Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa : Size and Determinants

Volume/Issue: 2017/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leandro Medina , Andrew Jonelis , and Mehmet Cangul

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2017

ISBN: 9781484305942

Keywords: Uganda, South Africa, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo

The multiple indicator-multiple cause (MIMIC) method is a well-established tool for measuring informal economic activity. However, it has been criticized because GDP is used both as a cause and indicator variable....

Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa

Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa : Causes and Policy Implications

Volume/Issue: 2016/247

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Niko Hobdari , and Ali Uppal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475563115

Keywords: South Africa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Senegal, Togo, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tanzania, Sudan, Swaziland

This paper analyzes food inflation trends in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from 2000 to 2016 using two novel datasets of disaggregated CPI baskets. Average food inflation is higher, more volatile, and similarly persiste...

Medium-Term Budget Frameworks in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Medium-Term Budget Frameworks in Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Source: Medium-Term Budget Frameworks in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Volume/Issue: 2017/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Richard Allen , Taz Chaponda , Lesley Fisher , and Rohini Ray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2017

ISBN: 9781484314203

Keywords: Zambia, Congo, Republic of, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Togo, Tanzania, Sudan, Swaziland, Sub-Saharan Africa

More than 15 years ago, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa embarked on a program of budgetary reform, an important element of which was a medium-term budget framework (MTBF). This working paper focuses on the per...

Growth Breaks and Growth Spells in Sub-Saharan Africa

Growth Breaks and Growth Spells in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Growth Breaks and Growth Spells in Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2017/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francisco Arizala , Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia , Charalambos Tsangarides , and Mustafa Yenice

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2017

ISBN: 9781484314166

Keywords: Africa, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros

This paper examines the growth performance of sub-Saharan African countries since 1960 through the lens of growth turning points (accelerations and decelerations) and periods of sustained growth (growth spells). Gr...

Macroeconomic Fluctuations in Sub-Saharan Africa

Macroeconomic Fluctuations in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Macroeconomic Fluctuations in Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 1997/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hoffmaister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1997

ISBN: 9781451954746

Keywords: Macroeconomic fluctuations, exchange arrangements, exchange rate, terms of trade, real exchange rate, external shocks, exchange rate regimes

The sources of macroeconomic fluctuations in sub–Saharan African are examined by comparing the CFA franc countries with the non–CFA franc countries. External shocks, especially terms of trade shocks,...

Reforming External Tariffs in Central and Western African Countries

Reforming External Tariffs in Central and Western African Countries »

Source: Reforming External Tariffs in Central and Western African Countries

Volume/Issue: 2006/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lubin Kobla Doe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451862720

Keywords: Harmonization, CEMAC, WAEMU, WAMZ, customs, external tariff, customs duty, import tax, common external tariff, Other Economic Systems: Performance and Prospects,

This paper examines the reform of the external tariff initiated by the CEMAC and the WAEMU that is aimed at reinforcing their economic integration. Overall, there is broad compliance with the streamlined and modera...

Customs Administration Reform and Modernization in Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa, 1995–2010

Customs Administration Reform and Modernization in Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa, 1995–2010 »

Source: Customs Administration Reform and Modernization in Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa, 1995-2010

Volume/Issue: 2012/259

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gilles Montagnat-Rentier , and Gilles Parent

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 October 2012

ISBN: 9781475558180

Keywords: francophone, reform, modernization, revenue, customs, customs administrations, customs duties, import duties, Other, Comparative Studies of Countries,

This paper outlines reforms that have been achieved in the modernization of the customs administrations of francophone sub-Saharan (African) countries since the mid-1990s. It also highlights the remaining issues in...

Tax Administration Reform in the Francophone Countries of Sub-Saharan Africa1

Tax Administration Reform in the Francophone Countries of Sub-Saharan Africa1 »

Source: Tax Administration Reform in the Francophone Countries of Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2013/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Fossat , and Michel Bua

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2013

ISBN: 9781475581539

Keywords: reform, modernization, tax department, tax administrations, tax offices, local tax offices, General, Business Taxes and Subsidies,

Since the early 1990s, major tax administration reforms have been implemented in the Francophone countries of sub-Saharan Africa, with significant support from the IMF and development partners. While the reforms ha...

Access to Bank Credit in Sub-Saharan Africa

Access to Bank Credit in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Access to Bank Credit in Sub-Saharan Africa : Key Issues and Reform Strategies

Volume/Issue: 2005/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emilio Sacerdoti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451861853

Keywords: Banking systems, bank credit, banking, banking system, financial system, working capital, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, Economywide Country Studies: Africa,

This study discusses issues of access to bank credit in Sub-Saharan Africa, and examines measures that could help facilitate access by the private sector to bank credit. It reviews in particular obstacles to credit...

Fixed Base Year vs. Chain Linking in National Accounts

Fixed Base Year vs. Chain Linking in National Accounts »

Source: Fixed Base Year vs. Chain Linking in National Accounts : Experience of Sub-Saharan African Countries

Volume/Issue: 2016/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Dippelsman , Venkat Josyula , and Eric Métreau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475569339

Keywords: System of National Accounts, chain linking, volume measures, fixed base year

There are two approaches for producing volume estimates of GDP, fixed base year and annual chaining. While most advanced economies have adopted the chain-linked approach in the past twenty years, some African count...