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Stand–By, EFF, and PRGF arrangements as of September 30

Stand–By, EFF, and PRGF arrangements as of September 30 »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 31, Issue 19

Volume/Issue: 31/19

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451927344

Keywords: trading system, trade barriers, market access, world economy

Improving market access for developing countries is one of the most important steps that rich countries can take in fighting global poverty, according to the chief economists of the World Bank and the IMF. Both ins...

One Money, One Market-A Revised Benchmark

One Money, One Market-A Revised Benchmark »

Source: One Money, One Market-A Revised Benchmark

Volume/Issue: 2009/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Henn , and Theo Eicher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451873337

Keywords: Preferencial Trade Agreements, Gravity Equation, Multilateral Resistance, trade effects, equation, trade effect, trade agreements,

The introduction of the euro generated substantial interest in measuring the impact of currency unions (CUs) on trade flows. Rose's (2000) initial estimates suggested a tripling of trade and created a literature in...

Remittances, Financial Development, and Growth

Remittances, Financial Development, and Growth »

Source: Remittances, Financial Development, and Growth

Volume/Issue: 2005/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marta Ruiz-Arranz , and Paola Giuliano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

ISBN: 9781451862539

Keywords: financial development, growth, system GMM, impact of remittances, migration, remittance, statistics, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

There has been little systematic empirical study on the relationship between remittances and growth. This paper attempts to examine this relationship. Using a newly constructed crosscountry of data series for remit...

The Global Financial Crisis - Explaining Cross-Country Differences in the Output Impact

The Global Financial Crisis - Explaining Cross-Country Differences in the Output Impact »

Source: The Global Financial Crisis - Explaining Cross-Country Differences in the Output Impact

Volume/Issue: 2009/280

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , Robert Rennhack , James Walsh , and Pelin Berkmen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451874259

Keywords: Global crisis, transmission of shocks, cross-country linkages, current account balance, exchange rate, exchange rates,

We provide one of the first attempts at explaining the differences in the crisis impact across developing countries and emerging markets. Using cross-country regressions to explain the factors driving growth foreca...

Czech Republic, Republic of Estonia, Hungary, Republic of Latvia, Republic of Lithuania, Republic of Poland, Slovak Republic, and Republic of Slovenia: Export Structure and Credit Growth

Czech Republic, Republic of Estonia, Hungary, Republic of Latvia, Republic of Lithuania, Republic of Poland, Slovak Republic, and Republic of Slovenia: Export Structure and Credit Growth »

Source: Czech Republic, Republic of Estonia, Hungary, Republic of Latvia, Republic of Lithuania, Republic of Poland, Slovak Republic, and Republic of Slovenia : Export Structure and Credit Growth

Volume/Issue: 2006/414

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 November 2006

ISBN: 9781451807110

Keywords: market share, market shares, world market, differentiated products

Of the new members entering the European Union (EU) in May 2004, several had achieved a decade of impressive export growth, expanding significantly their shares of world markets. The empirical analysis shows that o...

Cataclysms and Currencies

Cataclysms and Currencies »

Source: Cataclysms and Currencies : Does the Exchange Rate Regime Matter for Real Shocks?

Volume/Issue: 2005/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodney Ramcharan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451861044

Keywords: Exchange rate, shocks, exchange rate regime, per capita income, exchange rate regimes, gross capital formation, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance,

Does the choice of exchange rate regime affect the way an economy's adjustment to real shocks? Exploiting the randomness of natural shocks, this paper assesses empirically the often contrasting answers found in the...

Fiscal Rules in Response to the Crisis

Fiscal Rules in Response to the Crisis »

Source: Fiscal Rules in Response to the Crisis : Toward the "Next-Generation" Rules: A New Dataset

Volume/Issue: 2012/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nina Budina , Andrea Schaechter , Anke Weber , and Tidiane Kinda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505351

Keywords: fiscal governance, budget balance, national fiscal rules, fiscal rule, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government, National Deficit Surplus,

Strengthening fiscal frameworks, in particular fiscal rules, has emerged as a key response to the fiscal legacy of the crisis. This paper takes stock of fiscal rules in use around the world, compiles a dataset - co...

Currency Convertibility and the Fund

Currency Convertibility and the Fund »

Source: Currency Convertibility and the Fund : Review and Prognosis

Volume/Issue: 1996/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vicente Galbis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1996

ISBN: 9781451845785

Keywords: exchange rate, capital controls, capital account convertibility, exchange restrictions, capital movements

This paper reviews experience with currency convertibility on both the current and capital accounts, with particular attention to the Fund’s concepts and policy implications. After discussing the basic conce...

Loan Review, Provisioning, and Macroeconomic Linkages

Loan Review, Provisioning, and Macroeconomic Linkages »

Source: Loan Review, Provisioning, and Macroeconomic Linkages

Volume/Issue: 2000/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

ISBN: 9781451859904

Keywords: Nonperforming loans, cyclical bank behavior, capital ratios, credit, collateral, banking, loan classification, loan review

Loan review is a process routinely used by banks to assess the current value of loan portfolios. Provisioning is a technique to translate loan review results into the balance sheet. It allows for ongoing valuation...

The Dynamics of Product Quality and International Competitiveness

The Dynamics of Product Quality and International Competitiveness »

Source: The Dynamics of Product Quality and International Competitiveness

Volume/Issue: 2007/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , Deniz Igan , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866612

Keywords: International competitiveness, Product quality, reer, trading partners, export growth, world exports, export performance, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Technological Change: Other,

Despite the appreciation of the exchange rate, the eight Central and Eastern European countries (the CEE-8) that entered the European Union in May 2004 have achieved a decade of impressive export growth, expanding...