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A Debt Overhang Model for Low-Income Countries

A Debt Overhang Model for Low-Income Countries »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 55, No. 4

Volume: 55

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067257

Keywords: copper, nickel, zinc, lead, tin, Super Cycles in Real Metals Prices?,

In this issue, John T. Cuddington and Daniel Jerrett from the Colorado School of Mines examine whether metals prices are in a "super cycle" upswing driven by intensive economic growth in China, in particular. Using...

Measuring the Impact of Distortions in Agricultural Trade in Partial and General Equilibrium

Measuring the Impact of Distortions in Agricultural Trade in Partial and General Equilibrium »

Source: Measuring the Impact of Distortions in Agricultural Trade in Partial and General Equilibrium

Volume/Issue: 2003/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephen Tokarick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2003

ISBN: 9781451853360

Keywords: Models, input subsidies, production subsidies, price support, world price, Agriculture in International Trade,

This paper provides quantitative estimates of the impact of removing agricultural support (both tariffs and subsidies) in partial- and general-equilibrium frameworks. The results show that agricultural support in i...

Friedman Redux

Friedman Redux »

Source: Friedman Redux : External Adjustment and Exchange Rate Flexibility

Volume/Issue: 2014/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Mahvash Qureshi , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498359245

Keywords: external dynamics, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, bilateral exchange rate, exchange rate flexibility, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

Milton Friedman argued that flexible exchange rates would facilitate external adjustment. Recent studies find surprisingly little robust evidence that they do. We argue that this is because they use composite (or a...

Central Bank Governance

Central Bank Governance »

Source: Central Bank Governance : A Survey of Boards and Management

Volume/Issue: 2004/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): JoAnne Morris , and Tonny Lybek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451875416

Keywords: central bank, inflation, reserve bank, Economic History: Financial Markets and Institutions: General, International, or Comparative,

This paper identifies issues to consider when designing the structure, size, and composition of the governing boards and management of a central bank. While central bank autonomy and accountability are generally ac...

Investing in the Youth Bulge

Investing in the Youth Bulge »

Source: Finance & Development, September 2006

Volume/Issue: 43/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 2006

ISBN: 9781451922486

Keywords: migration, international monetary fund, mass migration, emigration, Labor market, Dividends, Economists, Emigration And Immigration. History, European Economic And Monetary Union (emu), Finance

The Economics of Demographics provides a detailed look at how the biggest demographic upheaval in history is affecting global development. The issue explores demographic change and the effects of population aging f...

North-South Trade

North-South Trade »

Source: North-South Trade : Is Africa Unusual?

Volume/Issue: 1998/94

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coe , and Alexander Hoffmaister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451851694

Keywords: gravity model, trade, bilateral trade, trading patterns, world trade, trade liberalization, trading blocs

We estimate a gravity model to address the question of whether Africa’s bilateral trade with industrial countries is “unusual” compared with other developing country regions. Our main finding i...

A Historical Public Debt Database

A Historical Public Debt Database »

Source: A Historical Public Debt Database

Volume/Issue: 2010/245

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455209453

Keywords: Historical Debt, Gross Debt, Debt-to-GDP, Debt Database, government debt, debt data, debt ratios, debt ratio, National Budget, Deficit

This paper describes the compilation of the first truly comprehensive database on gross government debt-to-GDP ratios, covering nearly the entire IMF membership (174 countries) and spanning an exceptionally long ti...

How Persistent Are Shocks to World Commodity Prices?

How Persistent Are Shocks to World Commodity Prices? »

Source: How Persistent Are Shocks to World Commodity Prices?

Volume/Issue: 1999/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hong Liang , C. McDermott , and Paul Cashin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1999

ISBN: 9781451850284

Keywords: Commodity prices, median-unbiased estimation, shock persistence, price stabilization, time series, export earnings, confidence interval, confidence intervals

This paper examines the persistence of shocks to world commodity prices, using monthly IMF data on primary commodities between 1957–98. We find that shocks to commodity prices are typically long–lasti...

Foreign Banks

Foreign Banks »

Source: Foreign Banks : Trends, Impact and Financial Stability

Volume/Issue: 2012/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Neeltje Horen , and Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463931155

Keywords: bilateral investment, financial globalization, foreign bank, domestic banks, foreign ownership, host countries,

This paper introduces a comprehensive database on bank ownership for 137 countries over 1995-2009, and reviews foreign bank behavior and impact. It documents substantial increases in foreign bank presence, with man...

Inflation Targeting and Fiscal Rules

Inflation Targeting and Fiscal Rules »

Source: Inflation Targeting and Fiscal Rules : Do Interactions and Sequencing Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2014/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Louis Combes , Xavier Debrun , Alexandru Minea , and Rene Tapsoba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 2014

ISBN: 9781498322379

Keywords: institutional reform sequencing, inflation, inflation rate, terms of trade, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary or Stabilization Policy, Deficit,

The paper examines the joint impact of inflation targeting (IT) and fiscal rules (FR) on fiscal behavior and inflation in a broad panel of advanced and developing economies over the period 1990-2009. The main contr...