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Extension of the Period for Consent to Increase Quotas Under the Fourteenth General Review of Quotas, the 2008 Reform of Quota and Voice, and the Eleventh General Review of Quotas

Extension of the Period for Consent to Increase Quotas Under the Fourteenth General Review of Quotas, the 2008 Reform of Quota and Voice, and the Eleventh General Review of Quotas »

Source: Extension of the Period for Consent to Increase Quotas Under the Fourteenth General Review of Quotas, the 2008 Reform of Quota and Voice, and the Eleventh General Review of Quotas

Volume/Issue: 2011/061

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2011

ISBN: 9781498338097

Keywords: Amendments of Articles of Agreement, Consents to quota increases, Eleventh General Review of Quotas, Executive Board decisions, Fourteenth General Review of Quotas, Lapse of time approval, Voting power, Accounting, Payments arrears, general review

This paper proposes a six-month extension of the period for consent to increase quotas under the Fourteenth General Review of Quotas. The current deadline is due to expire on December 31, 2011; however, Resolution...

Extension of the Period for Consent to Increase Quotas Under the Fourteenth General Review of Quotas, the 2008 Reform of Quota and Voice, and the Eleventh General Review of Quotas

Extension of the Period for Consent to Increase Quotas Under the Fourteenth General Review of Quotas, the 2008 Reform of Quota and Voice, and the Eleventh General Review of Quotas »

Source: Extension of the Period for Consent to Increase Quotas Under the Fourteenth General Review of Quotas, the 2008 Reform of Quota and Voice, and the Eleventh General Review of Quotas

Volume/Issue: 2012/047

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2012

ISBN: 9781498340359

Keywords: Consents to quota increases, Eleventh General Review of Quotas, Executive Board decisions, Fourteenth General Review of Quotas, Lapse of time approval, Quota increases, Payments arrears, Accounting, general review, quota

This paper proposes a six-month extension of the period for consent to increase quotas under the Fourteenth General Review of Quotas.1 The current deadline is due to expire on June 30, 2012;2 however, Resolution No...

Bank activity: Irrigation project in Bangladesh produces higher yields; Bank using remote sensing data from satellites in development work; water supply and sewerage in Northeast Brazil; Sudan gets assistance for highway: Bank and IDA loans and credits

Bank activity: Irrigation project in Bangladesh produces higher yields; Bank using remote sensing data from satellites in development work; water supply and sewerage in Northeast Brazil; Sudan gets assistance for highway: Bank and IDA loans and credits »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1979

Volume/Issue: 16/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1979

ISBN: 9781616353377

Keywords: monetary fund, monetary system, international monetary system, reserve asset, inflation

This paper highlights that in the first quarter of 1979, the IMF took further steps to enhance its ability to promote orderly world economic growth with reasonable price stability as a means of achieving a stable s...

The structure of the Fund: The functions and interrelationships of various Fund organs are discussed in the light of changes made under the Second Amendment of the Articles of Agreement

The structure of the Fund: The functions and interrelationships of various Fund organs are discussed in the light of changes made under the Second Amendment of the Articles of Agreement »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1979

Volume/Issue: 16/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1979

ISBN: 9781616353377

Keywords: monetary fund, monetary system, international monetary system, reserve asset, inflation

This paper highlights that in the first quarter of 1979, the IMF took further steps to enhance its ability to promote orderly world economic growth with reasonable price stability as a means of achieving a stable s...

From Toronto Terms to the HIPC Initiative

From Toronto Terms to the HIPC Initiative »

Source: From Toronto Terms to the HIPC Initiative : A Brief History of Debt Relief for Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 1999/142

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christina Daseking , and Robert Powell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

ISBN: 9781451856231

Keywords: External Debt, HIPCs, Low-Income Countries, debt, debt reduction, debt relief, creditors, debt service

The low-income country debt crisis had its origins in weak macroeconomic policies, and official creditors’ willingness to take risks unacceptable to private lenders. Payments problems were initially addresse...

Are African Current Account Deficits Different? Stylized Facts, Transitory Shocks, and Decomposition Analysis

Are African Current Account Deficits Different? Stylized Facts, Transitory Shocks, and Decomposition Analysis »

Source: Are African Current Account Deficits Different? Stylized Facts, Transitory Shocks, and Decomposition Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2001/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luisa Zanforlin , César Calderón , and Alberto Chong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451842043

Keywords: Dynamic Panel Data Models, Decomposition Analysis, current account deficits, current account deficit, current account balance, current account balances, International Finance: General, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General,

This paper analyzes the behavior of current account deficits in Africa and estimates whether the deficits are excessive with respect to fundamentals. The findings are the deficits are (i) not very persistent; (ii)...

Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth

Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth »

Source: Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth : Comparative Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2016/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura , Mumtaz Hussain , Monique Newiak , Vimal Thakoor , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2016

ISBN: 9781484382349

Keywords: Income inequality, gender inequality, economic growth, and sub-Saharan Africa

A growing body of empirical evidence suggests that inequality-income or gender related-can impede economic growth. Using dynamic panel regressions and new time series data, this paper finds that both income and gen...

Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa

Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa : Causes and Policy Implications

Volume/Issue: 2016/247

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Niko Hobdari , and Ali Uppal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475563115

Keywords: South Africa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Senegal, Togo, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tanzania, Sudan, Swaziland

This paper analyzes food inflation trends in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from 2000 to 2016 using two novel datasets of disaggregated CPI baskets. Average food inflation is higher, more volatile, and similarly persiste...

Fixed Base Year vs. Chain Linking in National Accounts

Fixed Base Year vs. Chain Linking in National Accounts »

Source: Fixed Base Year vs. Chain Linking in National Accounts : Experience of Sub-Saharan African Countries

Volume/Issue: 2016/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Dippelsman , Venkat Josyula , and Eric Métreau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475569339

Keywords: System of National Accounts, chain linking, volume measures, fixed base year

There are two approaches for producing volume estimates of GDP, fixed base year and annual chaining. While most advanced economies have adopted the chain-linked approach in the past twenty years, some African count...

The Informal Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa

The Informal Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: The Informal Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa : Size and Determinants

Volume/Issue: 2017/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leandro Medina , Andrew Jonelis , and Mehmet Cangul

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2017

ISBN: 9781484305942

Keywords: Uganda, South Africa, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo

The multiple indicator-multiple cause (MIMIC) method is a well-established tool for measuring informal economic activity. However, it has been criticized because GDP is used both as a cause and indicator variable....