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Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion

Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion »

Source: Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion : New Mechanisms, New Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2018/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Jorge Alvarez , Raphael Espinoza , and Chris Papageorgiou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484337127

Keywords: Labor force participation, Gender, Diversity, Gender Diversity; Female Labor Force Participation; Production Function; Structural Transformation

While progress has been made in increasing female labor force participation (FLFP) in the last 20 years, large gaps remain. The latest Fund research shows that improving gender diversity can result in larger econom...

A Central Fiscal Stabilization Capacity for the Euro Area

A Central Fiscal Stabilization Capacity for the Euro Area »

Source: A Central Fiscal Stabilization Capacity for the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Nathaniel Arnold , Bergljot Barkbu , H. Elif Ture , Hou Wang , and Jiaxiong Yao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2018

ISBN: 9781484348178

Keywords: Euro Area, Fiscal policy, Euro Area; Fiscal Integration; Macroeconomic Stabilization; Central fiscal capacity; Fiscal policy; Macroeconomic policy mix; Fiscal union;, Fiscal Integration, Macroeconomic Stabilization

This note outlines a concrete proposal for a euro area central fiscal capacity (CFC) that could help smooth both country-specific and common shocks. Specifically, it proposes a macroeconomic stabilization fund fina...

Inequality and Poverty across Generations in the European Union

Inequality and Poverty across Generations in the European Union »

Source: Inequality and Poverty across Generations in the European Union

Volume/Issue: 2018/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tingyun Chen , Jean-Jacques Hallaert , Alexander Pitt , Haonan Qu , Maximilien Queyranne , Alaina Rhee , Anna Shabunina , Jérôme Vandenbussche , and Irene Yackovlev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484338445

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Labor market policy, Labor policy, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality, Inequality, Poverty, Europe, Redistribution

This SDN studies the evolution of inequality across age groups leading up to and since the global financial crisis, as well as implications for fiscal and labor policies. Europe's population is aging, child and you...

Trade-offs in Bank Resolution

Trade-offs in Bank Resolution »

Source: Trade-offs in Bank Resolution

Volume/Issue: 2018/2

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , Maria Martinez Peria , Deniz Igan , Elsie Addo Awadzi , Marc Dobler , and Damiano Sandri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2018

ISBN: 9781484341001

Keywords: Spillovers, Bank bailouts, bank insolvency, bail-outs, bail-ins, larger capital buffers, Bank resolution, Financial regulation

This SDN revisits the debate on bank resolution regimes, first by presenting a simple model of bank insolvency that transparently describes the trade-off involved between bail-outs, bail-ins, and larger capital buf...

Gone with the Headwinds

Gone with the Headwinds »

Source: Gone with the Headwinds : Global Productivity

Volume/Issue: 2017/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Gustavo Adler , Romain Duval , Davide Furceri , Sinem K?l?ç Çelik , Ksenia Koloskova , and Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475589672

Keywords: Labor productivity, Total factor productivity, Economic growth, Financial crisis, Fiscal policy, Labor Productivity, Total factor Productivity, Growth

Productivity growth-the key driver of living standards-fell sharply following the global financial crisis and has remained sluggish since, adding to a slowdown already in train before. Building on new research, thi...

Is the Glass Half Empty Or Half Full?

Is the Glass Half Empty Or Half Full? »

Source: Is the Glass Half Empty Or Half Full? : Issues in Managing Water Challenges and Policy Instruments

Volume/Issue: 2015/11

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Catherine Pattillo , Yan Sun , Nujin Suphaphiphat , Andrew Swiston , Robert Tchaidze , Benedict Clements , Stefania Fabrizio , Valentina Flamini , Laure Redifer , and Harald Finger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 June 2015

ISBN: 9781484391198

Keywords: Economic policy, Fund role, Policy instruments, Supply and demand, Subsidies, Water supply, Water resources, Water, externalities, public utilities

This paper examines water challenges, a growing global concern with adverse economic and social consequences, and discusses economic policy instruments. Water subsidies provided through public utilities are estimat...

Housing Finance and Real-Estate Booms

Housing Finance and Real-Estate Booms »

Source: Housing Finance and Real-Estate Booms : A Cross-Country Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2015/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , Jihad Dagher , and Giovanni Dell'Ariccia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513571393

Keywords: Central banks and their policies, Credit booms, Financial stability, Housing finance, real estate, macroprudential regulation, mortgage, finance, credit, mortgage markets

The recent global crisis highlighted the risks stemming from real estate booms. This has generated a growing literature trying to better understand the sources and the risks associated with housing and credit booms...

Revitalizing Securitization for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Europe

Revitalizing Securitization for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Europe »

Source: Revitalizing Securitization for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Europe

Volume/Issue: 2015/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , Ali Al-Eyd , Bergljot Barkbu , and Andreas Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2015

ISBN: 9781498397643

Keywords: Financial intermediation, Structured finance, macro-financial linkages, SME finance, market, finance, markets, investment, debt, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) account for a disproportionate share of output and employment in Europe but are still highly dependent on bank finance, which dried up or became prohibitively expensive dur...

The Future of Saving

The Future of Saving »

Source: The Future of Saving : The Role of Pension System Design in an Aging World

Volume/Issue: 2019/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): David Amaglobeli , Hua Chai , Era Dabla-Norris , Kamil Dybczak , Mauricio Soto , and Alexander Tieman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484388990

Keywords: Aging, Savings, Demographic transition, Old age pensions, Aging; Demographics; Saving; Pension Spending, Demographics, Saving, Pension Spending, Demographic Trends and Forecasts, General

This SDN explores how demographic changes have affected and will affect public and private sector savings, highlighting the interaction between pension systems, labor markets, and demographic variables....

Dealing with High Debt in an Era of Low Growth

Dealing with High Debt in an Era of Low Growth »

Source: Dealing with High Debt in an Era of Low Growth

Volume/Issue: 2013/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): S. M. Ali Abbas , Bernardin Akitoby , Jochen Andritzky , Helge Berger , Takuji Komatsuzaki , and Justin Tyson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2013

ISBN: 9781484316139

Keywords: Debt strategy, Debt reduction, Developed countries, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Monetary policy, Privatization, Public debt, General Government Debt, Public Debt Sustainability

task has become particularly challenging in European advanced economies where expectations of low growth and limits to monetary policy support are shifting the burden of adjustment onto fiscal consolidation. The SD...