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Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues

Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/199

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498308007

Keywords: youth unemployment, labor market, employment

This Selected Issues paper assesses the youth unemployment problem in advanced European economies, especially the euro area. Youth unemployment rates increased sharply in the euro area after the crisis. Much of the...

Morocco

Morocco »

Source: Morocco : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2013/110

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484340769

Keywords: unemployment, labor market, employment, youth unemployment, labor force

Morocco has made substantial progress in increasing inclusive growth over the past decade, but additional efforts in terms of growth-enhancing structural reforms are needed. Preserving economic efficiency and foste...

Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues

Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/199

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498308007

Keywords: youth unemployment, labor market, employment

This Selected Issues paper assesses the youth unemployment problem in advanced European economies, especially the euro area. Youth unemployment rates increased sharply in the euro area after the crisis. Much of the...

Ukraine

Ukraine »

Source: Ukraine : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2003/174

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2003

ISBN: 9781451839012

Keywords: social insurance, social protection, social security, interest payments, taxes on income

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Reforming Government Subsidies in the New Member States of the European Union

Reforming Government Subsidies in the New Member States of the European Union »

Source: Reforming Government Subsidies in the New Member States of the European Union

Volume/Issue: 2008/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alex Segura-Ubiergo , Taline Koranchelian , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870237

Keywords: new member states, subsidy reform, state aid to enterprises, energy subsidies, and transportation subsidies, subsidies, subsidy, energy subsidy,

Subsidy reform has been a key component of the pre-accession reform agenda of the 10 new member states that joined the EU in 2004 (EU-10). During the pre-accession period, these countries had to undertake a number...

Measuring the Informal Economy in Latin America and the Caribbean

Measuring the Informal Economy in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: Measuring the Informal Economy in Latin America and the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2008/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Javier Vuletin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451869637

Keywords: Informal economy, latent variable, equation, correlation, surveys, social security schemes,

This paper estimates the size of the informal economy for 32 mainly Latin American and Caribbean countries in the early 2000s. Using a structural equation modeling approach, we find that a stringent tax system and...

Dependency Rates and Private Savings Behavior in Developing Countries1/

Dependency Rates and Private Savings Behavior in Developing Countries1/ »

Source: Dependency Rates and Private Savings Behavior in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1988/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451926361

Keywords: dependency, equation, statistics, optimization, equations

A firm theoretical basis for the empirical relationship between dependency rates and savings behavior in developing countries is still lacking. Two demographic extensions of the representative household’s st...

Economic Determinants of Government Subsidies

Economic Determinants of Government Subsidies »

Source: Economic Determinants of Government Subsidies

Volume/Issue: 1998/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Hugo Rodríguez , and Gerd Schwartz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

ISBN: 9781451979664

Keywords: government subsidies, government expenditures, subsidies, expenditures, expenditure, subsidy, government expenditure

The paper studies the economic determinants of government subsidies using panel data for 40 countries over 18 years (from 1975 to 1992) and finds that individual country-specific factors play a sizeable role in det...

Government Subsidies

Government Subsidies »

Source: Government Subsidies : Concepts, International Trends, and Reform Options

Volume/Issue: 1995/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gerd Schwartz , Réjane Hugounenq , and Benedict Clements

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781451851489

Keywords: subsidies, subsidy, cash subsidies, national accounts, subsidization, Fiscal Affairs Department,

This paper addresses the problems of defining and measuring government subsidies, examines why and how government subsidies are used as a fiscal policy tool, assesses their economic effects, appraises international...

Unemployment and Productivity in the Long Run

Unemployment and Productivity in the Long Run »

Source: Unemployment and Productivity in the Long Run : the Role of Macroeconomic Volatility

Volume/Issue: 2010/259

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Surico , Luca Ricci , and Pierpaolo Benigno

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455209590

Keywords: macroeconomic volatility, downward wage rigidities, unemployment rate, employment, unemployment rates, rate of unemployment, Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics: General, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production

We propose a theory of low-frequency movements in unemployment based on asymmetric real wage rigidities. The theory generates two main predictions: long-run unemployment increases with (i) a fall in long-run produc...