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II Public Enterprises and the Economy

II Public Enterprises and the Economy »

Source: Privatization and Public Enterprises

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Richard Hemming , and Ali Mansoor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1998

ISBN: 9781557750051

Keywords: Privatization

The economic case for privatization is made by reference to public ownership that is more extensive than can be justified in terms of the appropriate role of public enterprises in mixed economies, the poor e...

VI Regional Trading Arrangements

VI Regional Trading Arrangements »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

2 have become increasingly important in the relations among Fund members. This paper reviews recent developments in regional trading arrangements, factors contribut...

The EU Services Directive

The EU Services Directive »

Source: The EU Services Directive : Gains from Further Liberalization

Volume/Issue: 2014/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emilio Fernández Corugedo , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498391726

Keywords: Services sectors, Services Directive, Input-output economics, Growth theory, Competition authorities, competition, intermediate goods, multiplier effects, regulatory barriers, General,

The EU Services Directive was adopted in 2006 to foster competition in services across Europe. However, progress in liberalizing services has fallen short of expectations due to the article 15 of the Directive, whi...

Competition in the Financial Sector

Competition in the Financial Sector »

Source: Competition in the Financial Sector : Overview of Competition Policies

Volume/Issue: 2009/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451871937

Keywords: competition policy, contestability, stability, degree of competition, General Financial Markets: General (includes Measurement and Data), General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Market Structure, Firm Strategy, And Market Performance

As in other sectors, competition in finance matters for allocative, productive and dynamic efficiency. Theory suggests, however, that unfettered competition is not first best given the special features of finance....