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Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Background Paper and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1995/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1995

ISBN: 9781451837209

Keywords: gas, wage, minimum wage, wages

This Background Paper and Statistical Appendix for Turkmenistan examines the developments since November 1993, when the manat was introduced as the national currency. Developments in the real sector and systemic re...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1996/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 1996

ISBN: 9781451837216

Keywords: gas, minimum wage, interest rates, benefits, pollution

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1992-96. There was a general strengthening of centralized controls during 1993-95 to protect international reserves. Monetary and exchange rate polici...

Institutional Reform in Transition Economies

Institutional Reform in Transition Economies »

Source: Institutional Reform in Transition Economies : How Far Have they Come

Volume/Issue: 2001/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Beatrice Weder

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451853797

Keywords: Institutions, transition economies, institutional quality, institutional conditions, accession countries, Comparative Studies of Countries, Transition Countries,

This paper examines how institutional conditions in transition economies compare with those in the rest of the world using various indicators of governance. The focus is on the countries in Central and Eastern Euro...