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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

New Zealand

New Zealand »

Source: New Zealand : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2008/164

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451973877

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, external debt, current account, capital inflow

This paper assesses the impact of a disruption to capital inflows by examining past episodes of capital inflows in New Zealand and other countries. It also reviews the IMF's Global Economy Model (GEM), which is use...

Austria: Selected Issues

Austria: Selected Issues »

Source: Austria : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2007/143

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2007

ISBN: 9781451802382

Keywords: fiscal policies, fiscal responsibility, fiscal management, fiscal framework

This Selected Issues paper focuses on the medium-term budgetary framework (MTBF) for Austria. Austria is part of a trend among many countries to consider some form of MTBF. This paper describes the proposed framewo...

19. Provisión de asistencia técnica en materia de estadísticas de la deuda externa

19. Provisión de asistencia técnica en materia de estadísticas de la deuda externa »

Source: Estadísticas de la deuda externa : Guía para compiladores y usuarios

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2004

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589062986

Introducción...

From Fixed to Float

From Fixed to Float »

Source: From Fixed to Float : Operational Aspects of Moving towards Exchange Rate Flexibility

Volume/Issue: 2004/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gilda Fernandez , Cem Karacadag , and Rupa Duttagupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451854930

Keywords: capital account, exchange rate, inflation, exchange rate flexibility, foreign exchange market

This paper identifies the institutional and operational requisites for transitions to floating exchange rate regimes. In particular, it explores key issues underlying the transition, including developing a deep and...

Is One Watchdog Better Than Three? International Experience with Integrated Financial Sector Supervision

Is One Watchdog Better Than Three? International Experience with Integrated Financial Sector Supervision »

Source: Is One Watchdog Better Than Three? International Experience with Integrated Financial Sector Supervision

Volume/Issue: 2006/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Cihak , and Richard Podpiera

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863178

Keywords: financial services regulation, prudential supervision, supervisory agencies, integrated supervision, banking, banking supervision, regulatory environment, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Regulation and Business Law: General

Over the past two decades, there has been a clear trend toward integrating the regulation and supervision of banks, nonbank financial institutions, and securities markets. This paper reviews the international exper...

A European Mandate for Financial Sector Supervisors in the EU

A European Mandate for Financial Sector Supervisors in the EU »

Source: A European Mandate for Financial Sector Supervisors in the EU

Volume/Issue: 2009/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2009

ISBN: 9781451871524

Keywords: Cross-border cooperation, EU, financial sector supervision, financial sector, financial institutions, financial system, deposit insurance,

The EU is deliberating the introduction of an explicit "European mandate" for financial sector supervisors to supplement national mandates. Suggestions are made on (i) the formulation of a European mandate; (ii) th...

Friedman Redux

Friedman Redux »

Source: Friedman Redux : External Adjustment and Exchange Rate Flexibility

Volume/Issue: 2014/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Mahvash Qureshi , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498359245

Keywords: external dynamics, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, bilateral exchange rate, exchange rate flexibility, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

Milton Friedman argued that flexible exchange rates would facilitate external adjustment. Recent studies find surprisingly little robust evidence that they do. We argue that this is because they use composite (or a...

24 Effectiveness and Implications of Limits on Central Bank Credit to the Government

24 Effectiveness and Implications of Limits on Central Bank Credit to the Government »

Source: The Evolving Role of Central Banks

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751850

Keywords: central bank, banking, monetary policy, national bank, inflation

The main purpose of this paper is to explore the role and consequences of limiting central bank lending to the government. In the first section, the legal provisions that were in force in the mi...

19. Provision of Technical Assistance in External Debt Statistics

19. Provision of Technical Assistance in External Debt Statistics »

Source: External Debt Statistics : Guide for Compilers and Users

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 June 2003

ISBN: 9781589060609

Keywords: debt, external debt, interest, payments, liabilities

Introduction...