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MALTA

MALTA »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2000

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758989

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, forward exchange, foreign investment, exchange control

Status Under IMF Articles of Agreement...

Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya »

Source: Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2005/78

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451823059

Keywords: foreign assets, crude oil, petroleum products, foreign liabilities, national oil

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

The Socialist Peopled Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

The Socialist Peopled Libyan Arab Jamahiriya »

Source: The Socialist Peopled Libyan Arab Jamahiriya : 2003 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Volume/Issue: 2003/327

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451823042

Keywords: budget, article, public enterprises, public sector, debt

The Libyan economy remains saddled with extensive controls, restrictions, and subsidies that continue to distort prices and resource allocations, hinder efficiency and competitiveness, and impede the performance of...

The Effects of Fiscal Policieson the Economic Development of Women in the Middle East and North Africa

The Effects of Fiscal Policieson the Economic Development of Women in the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: The Effects of Fiscal Policieson the Economic Development of Women in the Middle East and North Africa

Volume/Issue: 2003/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicole Laframboise , and Tea Trumbic

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

ISBN: 9781451875850

Keywords: government social spending, gender bias, public spending, public expenditure, female literacy, Subsidies, and Revenue, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies,

Statistics indicate that the economic and social development of women in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) compares unfavorably with most regions in the world. This paper assesses the influence of government...

The Value-Added Tax

The Value-Added Tax »

Source: The Value-Added Tax : Its Causes and Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2007/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ben Lockwood , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867473

Keywords: vat, tax ratio, taxation, tax system, Value-added Tax, Tax Reform,

Has the VAT proved, as its proponents claim, an especially effective form of taxation? To address this, this paper first shows that a tax innovation-such as the introduction of a VAT- reduces the marginal cost of p...

The Euro and the Production Structure and Export Performance of Middle East and North African Countries

The Euro and the Production Structure and Export Performance of Middle East and North African Countries »

Source: The Euro and the Production Structure and Export Performance of Middle East and North African Countries

Volume/Issue: 1999/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-François Ruhashyankiko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451842883

Keywords: euro, exchange rate, production structure, export performance, equation, standard errors, statistics, correlation

This paper explores the link between exchange rate volatility of European currencies and economic performance of several countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The elimination of intra euro-zone exch...

Bank Recycling of Petro Dollars to Emerging Market Economies During the Current Oil Price Boom

Bank Recycling of Petro Dollars to Emerging Market Economies During the Current Oil Price Boom »

Source: Bank Recycling of Petro Dollars to Emerging Market Economies During the Current Oil Price Boom

Volume/Issue: 2008/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johannes Wiegand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870381

Keywords: Petro dollars, oil exporters, bank lending, exporters, oil exporting, oil exporting countries, oil exporter,

High oil prices have once again led to large external surpluses of oil exporting countries, similar to the 1970s and 1980s. This paper analyzes the extent to which (i) oil exporters use bank deposits to invest thes...

The Empirics of Exchange Rate Regimes and Trade

The Empirics of Exchange Rate Regimes and Trade »

Source: The Empirics of Exchange Rate Regimes and Trade : Words vs. Deeds

Volume/Issue: 2010/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mahvash Qureshi , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

ISBN: 9781451963199

Keywords: exchange rate volatility, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

This paper examines the impact of exchange rate regimes on bilateral trade while differentiating the effects of "words" and "deeds". Our findings-based on an extended database for de jure and de facto exchange rate...

Commodity Windfalls, Polarization, and Net Foreign Assets

Commodity Windfalls, Polarization, and Net Foreign Assets »

Source: Commodity Windfalls, Polarization, and Net Foreign Assets : Panel Data Evidenceon the Voracity Effect

Volume/Issue: 2010/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Bruckner , and Rabah Arezki

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

ISBN: 9781455205400

Keywords: Commodity Windfalls, Net Foreign Assets, Polarization, foreign assets, net foreign asset, foreign asset, net foreign asset position, Equity, Justice, Inequality

This paper examines the effect that windfalls from international commodity price booms have on net foreign assets in a panel of 145 countries during the period 1970-2007. The main finding is that windfalls from int...

Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility

Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility »

Source: Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility

Volume/Issue: 2015/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , Richard Harris , and Fatih Yilmaz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2015

ISBN: 9781475530520

Keywords: Exchange rate volatility, exchange, exchange rate, volatility, exchange rates, trade, Time-Series Models, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

Standard models-based exclusively on macro-financial variables-have made little progress in explaining the behavior of exchange rates. In this paper, we introduce a neglected set of 'soft power' factors capturing...