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The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia: Selected Issues

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia: Selected Issues »

Source: The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2008/259

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451812817

Keywords: high inflation, exchange rate, public sector, international monetary fund

This Selected Issues paper examines the causes of recent inflation in Ethiopia and discusses possible policy responses. Inflation in Ethiopia has reached a historical peak. Following a drought-related surge of food...

The Value-Added Tax

The Value-Added Tax »

Source: The Value-Added Tax : Its Causes and Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2007/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ben Lockwood , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867473

Keywords: vat, tax ratio, taxation, tax system, Value-added Tax, Tax Reform,

Has the VAT proved, as its proponents claim, an especially effective form of taxation? To address this, this paper first shows that a tax innovation-such as the introduction of a VAT- reduces the marginal cost of p...

Foreign Aid and Consumption Smoothing

Foreign Aid and Consumption Smoothing »

Source: Foreign Aid and Consumption Smoothing : Evidence From Global Food Aid

Volume/Issue: 2003/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erwin Tiongson , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

ISBN: 9781451845990

Keywords: Food aid, consumption smoothing, food availability, food production, food security,

Global food aid is considered a critical consumption smoothing mechanism in many countries. However, its record of stabilizing consumption has been mixed. This paper examines the cyclical properties of food aid wit...

8 The Effectiveness of Government Spending on Education and Health Care in Developing and Transition Economies

8 The Effectiveness of Government Spending on Education and Health Care in Developing and Transition Economies »

Source: Helping Countries Develop : The Role of Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063181

Keywords: food aid, expenditure, fiscal policy, public spending, per

1. Introduction...

12 Tax Policy in Developing Countries: Some Lessons from the 1990s and Some Challenges Ahead

12 Tax Policy in Developing Countries: Some Lessons from the 1990s and Some Challenges Ahead »

Source: Helping Countries Develop : The Role of Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063181

Keywords: food aid, expenditure, fiscal policy, public spending, per

Burgess and Stern (1993). While experiences have naturally varied quite significantly across countries over this decade, and although 10 years is a relatively short period in the...

14 Foreign Aid and Revenue Response: Does the Composition of Aid Matter?

14 Foreign Aid and Revenue Response: Does the Composition of Aid Matter? »

Source: Helping Countries Develop : The Role of Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063181

Keywords: food aid, expenditure, fiscal policy, public spending, per

Schmidt, 1964). Therefore, concessional loans are better for meeting the objectives underlying development assistance (see Singer, 1961)....

Unproductive Public Expenditures: A Pragmatic Approach to Policy Analysis

Unproductive Public Expenditures: A Pragmatic Approach to Policy Analysis »

Source: Unproductive Public Expenditures : A Pragmatic Approach to Policy Analysis

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2005

ISBN: 9781557755414

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, expenditures, public expenditures, expenditure productivity

Introduction...

Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth

Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth »

Source: Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth : Comparative Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2016/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura , Mumtaz Hussain , Monique Newiak , Vimal Thakoor , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2016

ISBN: 9781484382349

Keywords: Income inequality, gender inequality, economic growth, and sub-Saharan Africa

A growing body of empirical evidence suggests that inequality-income or gender related-can impede economic growth. Using dynamic panel regressions and new time series data, this paper finds that both income and gen...

A Governance Dividend for Sub-Saharan Africa?1

A Governance Dividend for Sub-Saharan Africa?1 »

Source: A Governance Dividend for Sub-Saharan Africa?

Volume/Issue: 2019/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Amine Hammadi , Marshall Mills , Nelson Sobrinho , Vimal Thakoor , and Ricardo Velloso

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484354872

Keywords: Zambia, Zimbabwe, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Congo, Republic of, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) tend to lag those in most other regions in terms of governance and perceptions of corruption. Weak governance undermines economic performance through various channels, includin...

3. Inequality and Economic Outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa

3. Inequality and Economic Outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015 : Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513597331

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa; commodity exporters; oil-exporting countries; competitiveness; trade integration; income inequality; gender inequality

Box 3.1), this chapter considers factors behind high levels of inequality and how they differ from the experience in other parts of the world, and discusses policy options for reducing inequalit...