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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

The Role of offshore Centers in International Financial Intermediation

The Role of offshore Centers in International Financial Intermediation »

Source: The Role of offshore Centers in International Financial Intermediation

Volume/Issue: 1994/107

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcel Cassard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

ISBN: 9781451946789

Keywords: banking, foreign exchange, bonds, bond, offshore banking

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

The Cross-Country Incidence of the Global Crisis1

The Cross-Country Incidence of the Global Crisis1 »

Source: The Cross-Country Incidence of the Global Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2010/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Philip Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201822

Keywords: private credit, international financial integration, output growth, current account balance, short-term debt,

We examine whether the cross-country incidence and severity of the 2008-2009 global recession is systematically related to pre-crisis macroeconomic and financial factors. We find that the pre-crisis level of develo...

Capital Flows are Fickle

Capital Flows are Fickle »

Source: Capital Flows are Fickle : Anytime, Anywhere

Volume/Issue: 2013/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Bluedorn , Rupa Duttagupta , Jaime Guajardo , and Petia Topalova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484389041

Keywords: international capital flows, volatility, persistence, comovement, global factors, net capital flows, capital inflows, private capital flows,

Has the unprecedented financial globalization of recent years changed the behavior of capital flows across countries? Using a newly constructed database of gross and net capital flows since 1980 for a sample of nea...

Concept of Offshore Financial Centers

Concept of Offshore Financial Centers »

Source: Concept of Offshore Financial Centers : In Search of an Operational Definition

Volume/Issue: 2007/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ahmed Zoromé

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866513

Keywords: CPIS, statistics, portfolio investment, equation, survey, Financial Institutions and Services: General, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper proposes a new definition of Offshore Financial Centers (OFCs) and develops a statistical method to differentiate between OFCs and non-OFCs using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey (CP...

The General Data Dissemination System (GDDS)-A Reflection on its First 12 Years and Plans for Taking it Forward

The General Data Dissemination System (GDDS)-A Reflection on its First 12 Years and Plans for Taking it Forward »

Source: The General Data Dissemination System (GDDS)-A Reflection on its First 12 Years and Plans for Taking it Forward

Volume/Issue: 2009/278

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robin Kibuka , and Charles Enoch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451874235

Keywords: GDDS, economic and financial crises, macroeconomic data, data dissemination, sdds, capital markets, international capital markets, access to international capital markets,

The paper reviews the developments in the last 12 years that have influenced the evolution of the IMF's General Data Dissemination System, leading to reforms to enhance its role. The GDDS itself is part of a broade...

Benefits of Compliance with Securities Listing Standards

Benefits of Compliance with Securities Listing Standards »

Source: Benefits of Compliance with Securities Listing Standards : Evidence From the Depository Receipt Market

Volume/Issue: 2001/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Abdourahmane Sarr

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451850208

Keywords: Standards implementation, foreign equity investment, standards, equity capital, capital markets, access to international capital markets, Foreign Equity Capital,

The paper finds that costs of implementing stringent securities listing standards may exceed benefits. Depository receipts, a growing source of international equity financing, differ in types by the reporting and d...

The Effects of Fiscal Policieson the Economic Development of Women in the Middle East and North Africa

The Effects of Fiscal Policieson the Economic Development of Women in the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: The Effects of Fiscal Policieson the Economic Development of Women in the Middle East and North Africa

Volume/Issue: 2003/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicole Laframboise , and Tea Trumbic

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

ISBN: 9781451875850

Keywords: government social spending, gender bias, public spending, public expenditure, female literacy, Subsidies, and Revenue, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies,

Statistics indicate that the economic and social development of women in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) compares unfavorably with most regions in the world. This paper assesses the influence of government...

Offshore Banking

Offshore Banking »

Source: Offshore Banking : An Analysis of Micro- and Macro-Prudential Issues

Volume/Issue: 1999/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luca Errico , and Alberto Musalem Borrero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451842166

Keywords: Offshore Banking, Cross-Border Capital Flows, Banking Problems, Financial Crises, Prudential Regulations, Banking Supervision, banking, offshore banks, consolidated supervision, supervisory authorities

The paper takes a closer look at offshore banking—a pervasive practice that has played a role in recent crises. Offshore banking is an increasingly attractive alternative to the sometimes heavily regulated f...

Cross-Border Investment in Small International Financial Centers

Cross-Border Investment in Small International Financial Centers »

Source: Cross-Border Investment in Small International Financial Centers

Volume/Issue: 2010/38

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Lane , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

ISBN: 9781451962833

Keywords: financial centers, international financial, international balance sheet, fdi, international financial centers, direct investment,

This note documents and assesses the role of small financial centers in the international financial system using a newly-assembled dataset. It presents estimates of the foreign asset and liability positions for a n...