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Bank activity: Sixth Replenishment of IDA; general capital increase of Bank announced; Ecuador gets first urban project loan; Bank loans and IDA credits

Bank activity: Sixth Replenishment of IDA; general capital increase of Bank announced; Ecuador gets first urban project loan; Bank loans and IDA credits »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1980

Volume/Issue: 17/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1980

ISBN: 9781616353407

Keywords: finance, trust fund, developing countries, monetary fund, loans

This paper highlights that the flow of IMF-related resources to member countries was maintained at a high level during 1979, amounting to the equivalent of SDR 6,917 million, compared with SDR 4,955 million in 1978...

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union »

Source: Eastern Caribbean Currency Union : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2011/32

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455213894

Keywords: debt, tfp, capital stock, growth rate, growth performance

The objective of this paper is to analyze the growth performance of the ECCU countries since independence and the policy challenges they face to ensure sustained growth in the period ahead. Although tourism special...

Chapter 18: Impediments to Developing the Private Sector

Chapter 18: Impediments to Developing the Private Sector »

Source: The Eastern Caribbean Economic and Currency Union : Macroeconomics and Financial Systems

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke , Aliona Cebotari , and Nita Thacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2013

ISBN: 9781616352653

Keywords: debt restructuring, banking, central bank, eastern caribbean central bank, public debt

Chapter 5 on Public Debt). The region’s growth model will increasingly have to shift either to the private sector or to public-private partnerships. Enabling the private sector to flourish requi...

Chapter 4: Economic Growth

Chapter 4: Economic Growth »

Source: The Eastern Caribbean Economic and Currency Union : Macroeconomics and Financial Systems

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke , Aliona Cebotari , and Nita Thacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2013

ISBN: 9781616352653

Keywords: debt restructuring, banking, central bank, eastern caribbean central bank, public debt

1 terms of trade shocks, decline in official foreign assistance, recessions in the developed countries—the main source of tourism and foreign direct investment (FDI...

Eleventh Review of Quotas: IMF Financial Resources to Rise to $297 Billion As Members Consent to Quota Increase IMF Quota Increase

Eleventh Review of Quotas: IMF Financial Resources to Rise to $297 Billion As Members Consent to Quota Increase IMF Quota Increase »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 28, Issue 03

Volume/Issue: 28/3

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451936155

Keywords: international monetary fund, IMF Quota Increase,

On January 22, the IMF announced that more than 85 percent of its members had consented to an increase in the IMF’s quotas. The text of Press Release No. 99/4, issued on January 22, follows....

Reserve Pooling in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union and the CFA Franc Zone

Reserve Pooling in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union and the CFA Franc Zone »

Source: Reserve Pooling in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union and the CFA Franc Zone : A Comparative Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2001/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hazel Selvon , Tracy Polius , and Oral Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451852769

Keywords: ECCU, CFA franc zone, reserve pooling, monetary authority, terms of trade, monetary union, monetary unions, central bank, Econometric and Statistical Methods: General, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

The paper presents a comparison of the gains from the pooling of reserves, and hence reserve variability, in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) and the CFA franc zone. The results indicate that countries w...

International Reserves in Low Income Countries

International Reserves in Low Income Countries »

Source: International Reserves in Low Income Countries : Have they Served As Buffers?

Volume/Issue: 2012/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463930561

Keywords: Reserve adequacy, exogenous shocks, terms of trade, current account, reserve holdings, exchange rate regime,

This paper provides a historical perspective on the role of international reserves in low-income countries as a cushion against large external shocks over the last three decades - including the current global crisi...

Coping with the Global Financial Crisis: Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Coping with the Global Financial Crisis: Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries »

Source: Coping with the Global Financial Crisis : Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069299

Keywords: External debt, Commodity prices, Economic growth, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, external financing, debt sustainability, debt burden, exchange rate

This forthcoming title in the Departmental Paper Series describes the special challenges facing low-income countries as economic growth contracts by an estimated 1.1 percent globally. Coping with the Crisis: Challe...

Output Response to Currency Crises

Output Response to Currency Crises »

Source: Output Response to Currency Crises

Volume/Issue: 2003/230

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Deepak Mishra , and Poonam Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451875522

Keywords: currency crisis, debt burden, crisis episodes, short-term debt, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

This paper analyzes the behavior of output during currency crises using a sample of 195 crisis episodes in 91 developing countries during 1970-98. It finds that more than two-fifths of the crises in the sample were...

Remoteness and Real Exchange Rate Volatility

Remoteness and Real Exchange Rate Volatility »

Source: Remoteness and Real Exchange Rate Volatility

Volume/Issue: 2005/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

ISBN: 9781451860207

Keywords: Real exchange rate volatility, trade costs, exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, International Finance: General, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General,

This paper examines the impact of trade costs on real exchange rate volatility. The channel is examined by constructing a two-country Ricardian model of trade, based on the work of Dornbusch, Fischer, and Samuelson...