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Pacific Island Countries

Pacific Island Countries »

Source: Pacific Island Countries : Possible Common Currency Arrangement

Volume/Issue: 2006/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Orsmond , and Christopher Browne


Publication Date: 01 October 2006

ISBN: 9781451864946

Keywords: regional currency arrangements, exchange rate, exchange rate policies, exchange rate regimes, exchange rate regime, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

This paper examines the potential advantages and disadvantages of adopting a common currency arrangement among the six IMF member Pacific island countries that have their own national currency. These countries are...

Commodity Terms of Trade

Commodity Terms of Trade »

Source: Commodity Terms of Trade : The History of Booms and Busts

Volume/Issue: 2009/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund


Publication Date: 01 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451873528

Keywords: commodity booms, commodity busts, commodity exporters, exporters, Trade: General, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

We compile a historical dataset covering nearly 40 years of booms and busts in the commodity terms of trade of over 150 countries. We discuss the characteristics of these events and their effects on macroeconomic p...

Waste Not, Want Not

Waste Not, Want Not »

Source: Waste Not, Want Not : The Efficiency of Health Expenditure in Emerging and Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 2013/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , and Javier Kapsoli


Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484364260

Keywords: Health expenditure, efficiency, emerging economies, developing economies, public health, health spending, public expenditure, public health spending, Health Production: Nutrition, Mortality

Public health spending is low in emerging and developing economies relative to advanced economies and health outputs and outcomes need to be substantially improved. Simply increasing public expenditure in the healt...