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6 International Moneys and Monetary Arrangements in Private Markets

6 International Moneys and Monetary Arrangements in Private Markets »

Source: International Money and Credit : The Policy Roles

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1984

ISBN: 9780939934270

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, inflation, monetary system

I. INTRODUCTION This paper first outlines the main features of national markets as they relate to the use of money and financial instruments. In most countries, a national money is u...

1 Commodity Currencies and the Real Exchange Rate

1 Commodity Currencies and the Real Exchange Rate »

Source: Exchange Rate Analysis in Support of IMF Surveillance : A Collection of Empirical Studies

Series: Books

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides , Carlo Cottarelli , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2008

ISBN: 9781589067288

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rates, exchange rate regimes

The neglect to allow for the effect of changes in the terms of trade is, perhaps, the most unsatisfactory characteristic of Prof. Cassel’s “Purchasing Power Parity Theory of the Foreign Exchange...

3 Aid Volatility and Macroeconomic Policies

3 Aid Volatility and Macroeconomic Policies »

Source: Exchange Rate Analysis in Support of IMF Surveillance : A Collection of Empirical Studies

Series: Books

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides , Carlo Cottarelli , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2008

ISBN: 9781589067288

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rates, exchange rate regimes

At the G-8 meeting in Scotland in July 2005, world leaders announced a US$50 billion increase in official development assistance to poor countries. This surge in aid—aimed at achieving the Millennium Develop...

Modeling the Real Exchange Rates in WAEMU and CEMAC

Modeling the Real Exchange Rates in WAEMU and CEMAC »

Source: Exchange Rate Analysis in Support of IMF Surveillance : A Collection of Empirical Studies

Series: Books

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides , Carlo Cottarelli , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2008

ISBN: 9781589067288

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rates, exchange rate regimes

The CFA franc arrangement dates back to the mid-1940s and is among the longest-standing fixed exchange rate regimes world-wide. 1 The zone includes France on one side and two mone...

A Primer on the CFA Franc Zone 8

A Primer on the CFA Franc Zone 8 »

Source: Approaches to Exchange Rate Policy

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1994

ISBN: 9781557753649

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, exchange rates, exchange rate policy

Interest in the two monetary unions in Africa, which have served their member countries well for the last 40 years, has surged recently. This upsurge in interest has been stimulated by the emerging monetary...

Exchange Rate Policy in a Monetary Union 7

Exchange Rate Policy in a Monetary Union 7 »

Source: Approaches to Exchange Rate Policy

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1994

ISBN: 9781557753649

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, exchange rates, exchange rate policy

There have been many developments in the European Monetary System (EMS) recently, as well as debates over the eventual approval of the Maastricht Treaty agreed to in December 1991. But this paper will start...

1 The International Legal Environment of Exchange Rates

1 The International Legal Environment of Exchange Rates »

Source: Legal Effects of Fluctuating Exchange Rates

Series: Books

Author(s): Joseph Gold

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781475506921

Keywords: currency, currencies, exchange, exchange rates, exchange rate

Original Articles of IMF and Amendments The Articles of Agreement (Articles) of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the practices of the IMF under that treaty are the principal...

CHAPTER 19 Charges, Repurchases, Selection of Currencies

CHAPTER 19 Charges, Repurchases, Selection of Currencies »

Source: IMF History Volume 2 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume II: Analysis

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451962925

Keywords: balance of payments, gold, exchange rates, exchange rate, exchange restrictions

The main lines of the fund’s policies on the use of its resources were discussed in Chapter 18; those for stand-by arrangements are dealt with in Chapters 20 and 21. Incidental refe...

7 Magnitudes of Devaluation, 1948–67

7 Magnitudes of Devaluation, 1948–67 »

Source: The IMF in a Changing World, 1945-85

Series: Books

Author(s): Margaret De Vries

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1986

ISBN: 9780939934652

Keywords: exchange rates, monetary system, exchange rate, inflation, international monetary system

By the late 1960s a number of economists, especially in the universities, were lamenting the little use that countries had made of exchange rates to solve their balance of payments...

CHAPTER 4 Setting Par Values

CHAPTER 4 Setting Par Values »

Source: IMF History Volume 2 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume II: Analysis

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451962925

Keywords: balance of payments, gold, exchange rates, exchange rate, exchange restrictions

As the par value system has evolved, many questions have confronted the Fund. Since par values are central to the Fund Agreement, one set of questions has concerned their establishment. How quickly should in...