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NIGER

NIGER »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2005

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064379

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, forward exchange, foreign investment, foreign exchange budget

(Position as of December 31, 2004) Status Under IMF Articles of Agreement...

NIGER

NIGER »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2000

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758989

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, forward exchange, foreign investment, exchange control

Status Under IMF Articles of Agreement...

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data »

Source: Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Volume/Issue: 2008/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870114

Keywords: Real exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rates

This paper focuses on assessments of real exchange rates using PPP data and examines their limitations when these are based exclusively on bivariate estimations. It begins by presenting an analytical framework of t...

Aid Volatility: An Empirical Assessment

Aid Volatility: An Empirical Assessment »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 50, No. 1

Volume: 50

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 2003

ISBN: 9781589061248

Keywords: exchange rates, exchange rate, international monetary fund, fixed exchange rate, flexible exchange rates, IMF staff papers,

Forty years ago, Marcus Fleming and Robert Mundell developed independent models of macroeconomic policy in open economies. Why do we link the two, and why do we call the result the Mundell-Fleming, rather than Fiem...

Keynes, Cocoa, and Copper

Keynes, Cocoa, and Copper »

Source: Keynes, Cocoa, and Copper : In Search of Commodity Currencies

Volume/Issue: 2002/223

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Luis Céspedes , and Paul Cashin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451875300

Keywords: Exchange rate, developing country, real exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, reer, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper examines whether the real exchange rates of commodity-exporting countries and the real prices of their commodity exports move together over time. Using IMF data on the world prices of 44 commodities and...

Issues of Openness and Flexibility for Foreign Exchange Systems*

Issues of Openness and Flexibility for Foreign Exchange Systems* »

Source: Issues of Openness and Flexibility for Foreign Exchange Systems

Volume/Issue: 1989/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451930559

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates, exchange rate regime

This paper surveys briefly the main issues for official management of foreign exchange, including the choice of exchange rate regime and exchange and trade restrictive systems. It concludes by identifying the main...

A Primeron the IMF's Information Notice System

A Primeron the IMF's Information Notice System »

Source: A Primeron the IMF's Information Notice System

Volume/Issue: 1997/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alessandro Zanello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781451960020

Keywords: Effective exchange rates, reer, exchange rate, real effective exchange rate, effective exchange rate, export markets

This paper describes the methodology and the data used to compute nominal and real effective exchange rate indices in the International Monetary Fund’s Information Notice System (INS). In particular, it high...

1 Commodity Currencies and the Real Exchange Rate

1 Commodity Currencies and the Real Exchange Rate »

Source: Exchange Rate Analysis in Support of IMF Surveillance : A Collection of Empirical Studies

Series: Books

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides , Carlo Cottarelli , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2008

ISBN: 9781589067288

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rates, exchange rate regimes

The neglect to allow for the effect of changes in the terms of trade is, perhaps, the most unsatisfactory characteristic of Prof. Cassel’s “Purchasing Power Parity Theory of the Foreign Exchange...

V Formulation of Exchange Rate Policies in Adjustment Programs Approved in 1983

V Formulation of Exchange Rate Policies in Adjustment Programs Approved in 1983 »

Source: Formulation of Exchange Rate Policies in Adjustment Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1985

ISBN: 9780939934508

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate policy, exchange rate action, exchange rate policies, effective exchange rate

The 35 adjustment programs supported by the Fund with upper credit tranche stand-by or extended arrangements approved in 1983 were examined in some detail. A high proportion of the programs—71 percent—includ...

3 Aid Volatility and Macroeconomic Policies

3 Aid Volatility and Macroeconomic Policies »

Source: Exchange Rate Analysis in Support of IMF Surveillance : A Collection of Empirical Studies

Series: Books

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides , Carlo Cottarelli , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2008

ISBN: 9781589067288

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rates, exchange rate regimes

At the G-8 meeting in Scotland in July 2005, world leaders announced a US$50 billion increase in official development assistance to poor countries. This surge in aid—aimed at achieving the Millennium Develop...