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Four Decades of Fund Arrangements

Four Decades of Fund Arrangements »

Source: Four Decades of Fund Arrangements : Macroeconomic Stylized Facts Before the Adjustment Programs

Volume/Issue: 1995/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julio Santaella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1995

ISBN: 9781451849530

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, export markets, current account, debt crisis

This paper analyzes the initial conditions before Fund financial arrangements are adopted. Evidence from 324 Fund arrangements in 78 developing countries during 1973-91 indicates that there are important difference...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs

The Macroeconomic Effects of Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs »

Source: The Macroeconomic Effects of Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs : An Empirical Assessment

Volume/Issue: 1988/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 1988

ISBN: 9781451943825

Keywords: balance of payments, current account, current account balance, current account deficit, credit tranche

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Classifications of Countries Basedon their Level of Development

Classifications of Countries Basedon their Level of Development »

Source: Classifications of Countries Basedon their Level of Development : How it is Done and How it Could Be Done

Volume/Issue: 2011/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lynge Nielsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455216789

Keywords: Country classification systems, taxonomy, taxonomies, per capita income, balance of payments, exporting countries, Economic Development: General,

The paper analyzes how the UNDP, the World Bank, and the IMF classify countries based on their level of development. These systems are found lacking in clarity with regard to their underlying rationale. The paper a...

The Composition and Distribution of Financial Assistance From Arab Countries and Arab Regional Institutions

The Composition and Distribution of Financial Assistance From Arab Countries and Arab Regional Institutions »

Source: The Composition and Distribution of Financial Assistance From Arab Countries and Arab Regional Institutions

Volume/Issue: 1990/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1990

ISBN: 9781451961447

Keywords: opec, balance of payments, oil prices, multilateral institutions, multilateral organizations, The Composition and Distribution of Financial Assistance,

This paper examines the volume and distribution of concessional and nonconcessional financial flows from Arab countries, and aid agencies, and regional institutions to developing countries. Arab financial assistanc...

Foreign Reserve Adequacy in Sub-Saharan Africa

Foreign Reserve Adequacy in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Foreign Reserve Adequacy in Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2008/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870084

Keywords: Balance of Payments Crises, Terms of Trade and Aid Shocks, terms of trade, terms of trade shock, trade shock, tradable goods, terms of trade shocks,

This paper looks at the question of adequacy of reserves in sub-Saharan African countries in light of the shocks faced by these countries. Literature on optimal reserves so far has not paid attention to the particu...

Forecasts in Times of Crises*

Forecasts in Times of Crises* »

Source: Forecasts in Times of Crises

Volume/Issue: 2018/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Theo Eicher , David Kuenzel , Chris Papageorgiou , and Charis Christofides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2018

ISBN: 9781484345436

Keywords: Financial crises, Forecasting, IMF Programs, Economic forecasting, Gross domestic product, Balance of payments, GDP Growth, Financial Accounts, Fiscal Accounts, Forecasting and Other Model Applications

Financial crises pose unique challenges for forecast accuracy. Using the IMF's Monitoring of Fund Arrangement (MONA) database, we conduct the most comprehensive evaluation of IMF forecasts to date for countries in...

Changing Times for Frontier Markets

Changing Times for Frontier Markets »

Source: Changing Times for Frontier Markets : A Perspective from Portfolio Investment Flows and Financial Integration

Volume/Issue: 2016/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nordine Abidi , Burcu Hacibedel , and Mwanza Nkusu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 2016

ISBN: 9781475529548

Keywords: Private investments, Low-income developing countries, Foreign direct investment, Capital flows, Economic integration, Time series, Econometric models, Frontier Markets, Portfolio flows, Financial Integration

This paper investigates to what extent low-income developing countries (LIDCs) characterized as frontier markets (FMs) have begun to be subject to capital flows dynamics typically associated with emerging markets (...

The Growth Comeback in Developing Economies

The Growth Comeback in Developing Economies »

Source: The Growth Comeback in Developing Economies : A New Hope or Back to the Future?

Volume/Issue: 2013/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Bluedorn , Rupa Duttagupta , Jaime Guajardo , and Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484321980

Keywords: growth, takeoff, low-income countries, convergence, export growth, balance of payments, trade openness, regulatory barriers, economic cooperation, General

Growth takeoffs in developing economies have rebounded in the past two decades. Although recent takeoffs have lasted longer than takeoffs before the 1990s, a key question is whether they could unravel like some did...

Debt Sustainability Analyses for Low-Income Countries: An Assessment of Projection Performance

Debt Sustainability Analyses for Low-Income Countries: An Assessment of Projection Performance »

Source: Debt Sustainability Analyses for Low-Income Countries: An Assessment of Projection Performance

Volume/Issue: 2017/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Henry Mooney , and Constance de Soyres

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484324790

Keywords: Balance of payments, Debt relief, IMF, Sovereign debt, World Bank, debt sustainability analysis (DSA), macroeconomic forecast, projection accuracy, projection bias, forecast error

This paper develops new error assessment methods to evaluate the performance of debt sustainability analyses (DSAs) for low-income countries (LICs) from 2005-2015. We find some evidence of a bias towards optimism f...

Network Effects of International Shocks and Spillovers

Network Effects of International Shocks and Spillovers »

Source: Network Effects of International Shocks and Spillovers

Volume/Issue: 2015/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Andrei Leonidov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513542928

Keywords: shocks, spillover, network, balance of payments, imports, import, trading partners, Neural Networks and Related Topics, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Open Economy Macroeconomics

This paper proposes a method for assessing international spillovers from nominal demand shocks. It quantifies the impact of a shock in one country on all other countries. The paper concludes that the network effect...