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Addressing resource efficiency through the Ecodesign Directive
			: A review of opportunities and barriers

Addressing resource efficiency through the Ecodesign Directive : A review of opportunities and barriers »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anja Bundgaard , Carl Dalhammar , Erika Machacek , Kristina Overgaard Zacho , and Arne Remmen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327206

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, European Union, Resource Efficiency, Ecodesign Directive, Energy Efficiency, Product Durability, Legal Standards

The European Union has initiated a number of initiatives to improve resource efficiency in Europe. The Ecodesign Directive is one of the policy instruments that could aid the transition towards a more resource effi...

Assessing Eastern Europe's Capital Needs

Assessing Eastern Europe's Capital Needs »

Source: Assessing Eastern Europe's Capital Needs

Volume/Issue: 1992/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Boote

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1992

ISBN: 9781451842821

Keywords: capital stock, capital needs, capital accumulation, efficiency of capital, capital equipment

The paper aims at assessing the capital needs of Eastern Europe in catching up to EC standards of living using the framework of a CES (constant elasticity of substitution) production function model. This function,...

Australia

Australia »

Source: Australia : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Bank Resolution and Crisis Management

Volume/Issue: 2019/48

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484398845

Keywords: Central banks, Systemically important financial institutions, Banking safety nets, Bank liquidity, Deposit insurance, APRA;RBA;Adi;FCS;foreign branch, limate change, Sustainability, Energy technology & engineering, Energy, power generation, distribution & storage

This Technical Note on Bank Resolution and Crisis Management for Australia was prepared by a staff team of the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with the member c...

Bank Efficiency amid Foreign Entry

Bank Efficiency amid Foreign Entry »

Source: Bank Efficiency amid Foreign Entry : Evidence from the Central American Region

Volume/Issue: 2010/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Torsten Wezel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2010

ISBN: 9781451982725

Keywords: Bank efficiency, data envelopment analysis, stochastic frontier analysis, banking, foreign banks, domestic banks, foreign bank, bank entry,

This paper investigates the efficiency of domestic and foreign banks in the Central American region during 2002-07. Using two main empirical approaches, Data Envelopment Analysis and Stochastic Frontier Analysis, t...

Bank Efficiency and Competition in Low-Income Countries

Bank Efficiency and Competition in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Bank Efficiency and Competition in Low-Income Countries : The Case of Uganda

Volume/Issue: 2005/240

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Hauner , and Shanaka Peiris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

ISBN: 9781451862591

Keywords: Efficiency, Data Envelopment Analysis, banking, banking system, banking sector, banking systems,

There is a concern that the state-dominated, inefficient, and fragile banking systems in many low-income countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, are a major hindrance to economic growth. This paper systematica...

Bank Efficiency in Sub-Saharan African Middle Income Countries

Bank Efficiency in Sub-Saharan African Middle Income Countries »

Source: Bank Efficiency in Sub-Saharan African Middle Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2009/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chuling Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2009

ISBN: 9781451871616

Keywords: cost efficiency, stochastic frontier analysis, banking, banking sectors, bank deposits, random error,

We use bank level data to study the efficiency of banks in Sub-Saharan African middle-income countries and provide possible explanations for the difference in the efficiency levels of banks. We find that banks, on...

Bank Reform and Bank Efficiency in Pakistan

Bank Reform and Bank Efficiency in Pakistan »

Source: Bank Reform and Bank Efficiency in Pakistan

Volume/Issue: 2001/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451855982

Keywords: efficiency, deregulation, equation, banking system, statistics, standard errors, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Economywide Country Studies: Asia including Middle East, Efficiency Deregulation,

Pakistan undertook major financial sector reforms starting in the late 1980s. The effects of these reforms on the profitability and cost and revenue efficiency of the banking sector are evaluated. The revenue perfo...

Banking Efficiency and Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Banking Efficiency and Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Banking Efficiency and Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2010/136

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sandrine Kablan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201198

Keywords: Cost-efficiency, Stochastic Frontier Analysis, Banking System, Financial Development, banking, foreign banks, foreign bank, financial institutions, Economywide Country Studies: Africa,

This study assesses the determinants of banking system efficiency in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and asks what, besides the degree of efficiency, explains the low level of financial development in the region. It uses...

Benchmarking Banking Sector Efficiency Across Regional Blocks in Sub-Saharan Africa

Benchmarking Banking Sector Efficiency Across Regional Blocks in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Benchmarking Banking Sector Efficiency Across Regional Blocks in Sub-Saharan Africa : What Room for Policy?

Volume/Issue: 2013/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francois Boutin-Dufresne , Santiago Peña , Oral Williams , and Tomasz A. Zawisza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2013

ISBN: 9781557753304

Keywords: Financial intermediation efficiency, net interest margins, economies of scale, institutions., banking, net interest margin, financial intermediation, financial system, Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

This paper examines the determinants of net interest margins in four regional blocks in Sub-Saharan Africa and one comparator block in the Eastern Caribbean. Using bank-level data, we find that countries with a hig...

Benchmarking Social Spending Using Efficiency Frontiers1

Benchmarking Social Spending Using Efficiency Frontiers1 »

Source: Benchmarking Social Spending Using Efficiency Frontiers

Volume/Issue: 2017/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Javier Kapsoli , and Iulia Ruxandra Teodoru

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 2017

ISBN: 9781484315309

Keywords: Developing countries, Education, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Low-income developing countries, Education spending, Government expenditures and education, Government expenditures and health, Government spending

Developing and low-income economies face the challenge of increasing public spending to address sizeable infrastructure and social gaps while simultaneously restoring the fiscal discipline weakened to countervail t...