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IMF Survey: Vol.25, No.13 1996

IMF Survey: Vol.25, No.13 1996 »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 25 1996

Volume/Issue: 25/1

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451937442

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, monetary union, current account deficit, central bank

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Trade Openness and Growth

Trade Openness and Growth »

Source: Trade Openness and Growth : Pursuing Empirical Glasnost

Volume/Issue: 2007/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andreas Billmeier , and Tommaso Nannicini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867206

Keywords: trade openness, growth, matching estimators, synthetic control, gdp per capita, real gdp, trade liberalization,

Studies of the impact of trade openness on growth are based either on cross-country analysis-which lacks transparency-or case studies-which lack statistical rigor. We apply transparent econometric methods drawn fro...

Eleventh Review of Quotas: IMF Financial Resources to Rise to $297 Billion As Members Consent to Quota Increase IMF Quota Increase

Eleventh Review of Quotas: IMF Financial Resources to Rise to $297 Billion As Members Consent to Quota Increase IMF Quota Increase »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 28, Issue 03

Volume/Issue: 28/3

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451936155

Keywords: international monetary fund, IMF Quota Increase,

On January 22, the IMF announced that more than 85 percent of its members had consented to an increase in the IMF’s quotas. The text of Press Release No. 99/4, issued on January 22, follows....

Monetary Concepts and Definitions

Monetary Concepts and Definitions »

Source: Monetary Concepts and Definitions

Volume/Issue: 1989/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1989

ISBN: 9781451951387

Keywords: savings deposits, money market, bonds, central bank, monetary aggregates

This paper examines monetary concepts and definitions. It notes that approaches to monetary analysis, and the concept of money itself, have been undergoing substantial change in many countries due in large part to...

Military Expenditure and Arms Trade

Military Expenditure and Arms Trade »

Source: Military Expenditure and Arms Trade : Alternative Data Sources

Volume/Issue: 1994/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Wakeman-Linn , and Nancy Happe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1994

ISBN: 9781451960709

Keywords: military, military expenditures, arms, expenditures, expenditure

Analysis of the economic impact of military expenditures and arms trade is frequently hampered by the limited amount of transparent, comprehensive data. Country-specific information can be supplemented, however, by...

IMF Survey: Vol.25, No.14 1996

IMF Survey: Vol.25, No.14 1996 »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 25 1996

Volume/Issue: 25/1

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451937442

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, monetary union, current account deficit, central bank

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Worldwide Military Spending, 1990-1995

Worldwide Military Spending, 1990-1995 »

Source: Worldwide Military Spending, 1990-1995

Volume/Issue: 1996/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jerald Schiff , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1996

ISBN: 9781451848519

Keywords: military spending, military, military expenditures, military expenditure, arms

The decline in military spending that began in the mid-1980s continued through 1995, and this decline was widespread both geographically and by level of development. Cuts in military spending appear to have potenti...

Four Decades of Fund Arrangements

Four Decades of Fund Arrangements »

Source: Four Decades of Fund Arrangements : Macroeconomic Stylized Facts Before the Adjustment Programs

Volume/Issue: 1995/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julio Santaella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1995

ISBN: 9781451849530

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, export markets, current account, debt crisis

This paper analyzes the initial conditions before Fund financial arrangements are adopted. Evidence from 324 Fund arrangements in 78 developing countries during 1973-91 indicates that there are important difference...

Is Social Spending Procyclical?1

Is Social Spending Procyclical?1 »

Source: Is Social Spending Procyclical?

Volume/Issue: 2010/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Alejandro Hajdenberg , and Javier Arze del Granado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

ISBN: 9781455209347

Keywords: social spending, expenditures, health expenditures, public expenditures, total expenditures,

This paper studies the cyclical behavior of public spending on health and education in 150 countries during 1987 - 2007. It finds that spending on education and health is procyclical in developing countries and acy...

IMF Survey: Vol.25, No.1-23 1996

IMF Survey: Vol.25, No.1-23 1996 »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 25 1996

Volume/Issue: 25/1

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451937442

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, monetary union, current account deficit, central bank

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...