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3. To What Extent Has the Fiscal Policy Been Procyclical among Sub-Saharan African Countries?

3. To What Extent Has the Fiscal Policy Been Procyclical among Sub-Saharan African Countries? »

Source: Cyclical Behavior of Fiscal Policy among Sub-Saharan African Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Tetsuya Konuki , and Mauricio Villafuerte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513563541

Keywords: Fiscal analysis, Fiscal policy, Cyclical indicators, Sub-Saharan Africa, Oil exporting states, fiscal policy, sub-saharan Africa, oil exporters, financial markets,

The Business Cycle in Sub-Saharan Africa First, this chapter illustrates the stylized facts of the business cycle dynamics among sub-Saharan African countries in recent years. While...

IV Key Feature 3: Budgets That Are More Pro-Poor and Pro-Growth

IV Key Feature 3: Budgets That Are More Pro-Poor and Pro-Growth »

Source: Is the PRGF Living Up to Expectations?

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Gabriela Inchauste , Nita Thacker , Thomas Dorsey , Shamsuddin Tareq , Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Mark Plant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061125

Keywords: conditionality, pem, poverty reduction, structural conditionality, public spending

This key feature sets out the expectations that PRGF-supported programs increase poverty-reducing expenditures, improve the efficiency and targeting of these and other expenditures, and include tax reforms t...

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction Large fiscal deficits have been a daunting problem for a number of countries in sub-Saharan Africa over the past several years. Rapid expansions in expenditure and de...

V Key Feature 4: Ensuring Appropriate Flexibility in Fiscal Targets

V Key Feature 4: Ensuring Appropriate Flexibility in Fiscal Targets »

Source: Is the PRGF Living Up to Expectations?

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Gabriela Inchauste , Nita Thacker , Thomas Dorsey , Shamsuddin Tareq , Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Mark Plant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061125

Keywords: conditionality, pem, poverty reduction, structural conditionality, public spending

This key feature sets out the expectation that fiscal targets in PRGF-supported programs should be designed in a manner that allows greater flexibility in accommodating higher public expenditures and accommo...

III Tax Structure

III Tax Structure »

Source: Taxation in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , M. Yücelik , Peter Griffith , and Carlos Aguirre

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1981

ISBN: 9781557750815

Keywords: taxation, sales tax, tax system, tax administration, sales taxes

Apart from the level of taxation, it is important to consider the structure of the tax system. As already indicated, the structure of the tax system is the result of many different...

VI Key Feature 5: More Selective Structural Conditionality

VI Key Feature 5: More Selective Structural Conditionality »

Source: Is the PRGF Living Up to Expectations?

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Gabriela Inchauste , Nita Thacker , Thomas Dorsey , Shamsuddin Tareq , Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Mark Plant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061125

Keywords: conditionality, pem, poverty reduction, structural conditionality, public spending

This key feature sets out the expectation that conditionality in PRGF-supported programs should focus on the IMF’s core areas of expertise and limit conditionality to key measures for the program....

STATISTICAL TABLES

STATISTICAL TABLES »

Source: Taxation in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , M. Yücelik , Peter Griffith , and Carlos Aguirre

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1981

ISBN: 9781557750815

Keywords: taxation, sales tax, tax system, tax administration, sales taxes

Table 1. Selected Countries of Sub-Saharan Africa: Surface Area, Population, Per Capita Income, and Openness (Imports-Gross Domesti...

V Taxation of the Agricultural Sector

V Taxation of the Agricultural Sector »

Source: Taxation in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , M. Yücelik , Peter Griffith , and Carlos Aguirre

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1981

ISBN: 9781557750815

Keywords: taxation, sales tax, tax system, tax administration, sales taxes

Introduction Agriculture is the most important economic sector in the majority of the countries in the sub-Saharan region (see Part II, Table 2). It is characterized by a preponderan...

Chapter 11. Commodity Price Volatility, Poverty, and Growth Inclusiveness in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Chapter 11. Commodity Price Volatility, Poverty, and Growth Inclusiveness in Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction The comparative advantage of sub-Saharan African countries predominantly lies in the export of commodities, whether they be oil, mineral, or agricultural. Managing devel...

Chapter 18. The Role of Transparency and Civil Society in Managing Commodities for Inclusive Growth and Development

Chapter 18. The Role of Transparency and Civil Society in Managing Commodities for Inclusive Growth and Development »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction In 2008, aid flow to sub-Saharan Africa reached US$36 billion per year. Natural resource rents, by contrast, stood at US$240 billion. Over three-quarters of Africa’s sub...