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Policy towards Commodity Shocks in Developing Countries

Policy towards Commodity Shocks in Developing Countries »

Source: Policy towards Commodity Shocks in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1996/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jan Gunning , and Paul Collier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1996

ISBN: 9781451850598

Keywords: taxation, central bank, inflation, public expenditure

On the basis of a comparative study of 23 episodes involving commodity price shocks we find that both the public and private sectors typically save around half of a windfall gain resulting from a price rise. We arg...

Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa

Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa : Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption

Volume/Issue: 1998/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dhaneshwar Ghura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451855685

Keywords: tax revenue, tax base, taxation, tax ratio, government expenditure

An analysis of data for 39 sub-Saharan African countries during 1985–96 indicates that the variations in tax revenue-GDP ratios within this group are influenced by economic policies and the level of corrupti...

Rehabilitating watersheds: Reforestation, though necessary, is only part of a broader development strategy to preserve watershed environments

Rehabilitating watersheds: Reforestation, though necessary, is only part of a broader development strategy to preserve watershed environments »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1982

Volume/Issue: 19/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1982

ISBN: 9781616353483

Keywords: bank loans, government expenditures, structural adjustment, bank management

This paper highlights that important changes have been made in the World Bank's management systems since Mr. A. W. Clausen became President in July 1981. The changes reflect Mr. Clausen's belief that there needs to...

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy »

Source: Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 2012/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): David Coady , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475504828

Keywords: Fiscal consolidation, Developed countries, Developing countries, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Income inequality, Income distribution, Taxation, Unemployment, tax

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Cote d'Ivoire

Cote d'Ivoire »

Source: Cote d'Ivoire : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2004/157

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 2004

ISBN: 9781451807875

Keywords: debt, interest, external debt, balance of payments, current expenditure, Cote d'Ivoire,

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Social Dimensions of the IMF’s Policy Dialogue

Social Dimensions of the IMF’s Policy Dialogue »

Source: Social Dimensions of the IMF'S Policy Di Alogue (Reprinted 1998) P047

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781557754790

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, safety nets, social safety nets, subsidies

Summary The IMF’s mandate is to promote international monetary cooperation, balanced growth of international trade, and a stable system of exchange rates; fulfilling this mandate is...

How Effective is Fiscal Policy Response in Systemic Banking Crises?

How Effective is Fiscal Policy Response in Systemic Banking Crises? »

Source: How Effective is Fiscal Policy Response in Systemic Banking Crises?

Volume/Issue: 2009/160

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Carlos Mulas-Granados , and Emanuele Baldacci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2009

ISBN: 9781451873078

Keywords: banking, banking crises, tax revenue, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General,

This paper studies the effects of fiscal policy response in 118 episodes of systemic banking crisis in advanced and emerging market countries during 1980-2008. It finds that timely countercyclical fiscal measures c...

7 Experience with Budgetary Convergence in the WAEMU

7 Experience with Budgetary Convergence in the WAEMU »

Source: Helping Countries Develop : The Role of Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063181

Keywords: food aid, expenditure, fiscal policy, public spending, per

The viability of any economic integration plan depends upon its ability to ensure that the economic and financial policies defined by individual member countries of the union are co...

11 The Efficiency of Government Expenditure: Experiences from Africa

11 The Efficiency of Government Expenditure: Experiences from Africa »

Source: Helping Countries Develop : The Role of Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063181

Keywords: food aid, expenditure, fiscal policy, public spending, per

1. Introduction Governments provide a host of goods and services to their populations, to achieve various economic and social objectives. The efficiency with which these goods and se...

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction Large fiscal deficits have been a daunting problem for a number of countries in sub-Saharan Africa over the past several years. Rapid expansions in expenditure and de...