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Welfare Reform in the United States

Welfare Reform in the United States »

Source: Welfare Reform in the United States

Volume/Issue: 1995/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ellen Nedde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1995

ISBN: 9781451854664

Keywords: benefits, welfare system, welfare recipients, welfare reform, food stamps

This paper reviews the structure and trends of the U.S. welfare system and the U.S. Administration’s reform proposals. It shows that, despite the attention the program receives, the welfare program is actual...

Argentina

Argentina »

Source: Argentina : Macroeconomic Crisis and Household Vulnerability

Volume/Issue: 2003/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste , Ana Corbacho , and Mercedes Garcia-Escribano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451851304

Keywords: macroeconomic crisis, household welfare, unemployment, employment, unemployed, unemployment insurance, unemployment rates, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, General Welfare,

Using urban household surveys, we constructed a panel dataset to study the effects of the Argentine macroeconomic crisis of 1999-2002 with the aim of (1) identifying the most vulnerable households, (2) investigatin...

Job-Specific Investment and the Cost of Dismissal Restrictions

Job-Specific Investment and the Cost of Dismissal Restrictions »

Source: Job-Specific Investment and the Cost of Dismissal Restrictions : The Case of Portugal

Volume/Issue: 2003/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): H. Takizawa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451849752

Keywords: Dismissal restrictions, worker mobility, job-specific investment, welfare, worker, wage, unemployment, employment, unemployed, Labor Contracts

Using a search and matching labor market equilibrium model, this paper quantifies lost labor productivity and consumption per worker that emerges from the restrictions on dismissals. Dismissal restrictions hamper t...

It's Not What You Make, It's How You Use IT

It's Not What You Make, It's How You Use IT »

Source: It's Not What You Make, It's How You Use IT : Measuring the Welfare Benefits of the IT Revolution Across Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451854022

Keywords: welfare benefits, real gdp, benefits, national income, gdp per capita, Welfare Economics: General, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Comparative Studies of Countries,

This paper analyzes the welfare benefits from falling relative prices of IT (information technology) goods across a wide range of countries. We find, using two separate methodologies and datasets, that welfare bene...

Tax, Welfare, and Pension Reforms in Slovenia

Tax, Welfare, and Pension Reforms in Slovenia »

Source: Tax, Welfare, and Pension Reforms in Slovenia : Implications for Work Incentives and Labor Participation

Volume/Issue: 2006/298

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Egoume Bossogo , and Anita Tuladhar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865585

Keywords: Labor participation, pension, wage, benefits, retirement age, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, Social Security and Public Pensions,

The labor participation rate in Slovenia has been lower than in the EU-15 (the members states prior to May 2004), particularly for the low-income and older individuals. Using simulations of tax and social benefits...

Privatization, Social Impact, and Social Safety Nets

Privatization, Social Impact, and Social Safety Nets »

Source: Privatization, Social Impact, and Social Safety Nets

Volume/Issue: 1999/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Henry Ma , and Christian Schiller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1999

ISBN: 9781451848977

Keywords: Privatization, social safety nets, social welfare, state-owned enterprises, transition, employment, impact of privatization, employment guarantees, unemployment

Privatization promotes economic efficiency and growth, thereby reinforcing macroeconomic adjustment. In the short run, however, it can lead to job losses and wage cuts for workers and higher prices for consumers. T...

Implications of Migrationon Income and Welfare of Nationals

Implications of Migrationon Income and Welfare of Nationals »

Source: Implications of Migrationon Income and Welfare of Nationals

Volume/Issue: 2002/215

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenichi Ueda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451875058

Keywords: Welfare cost of migration, GMP, wage, social security, unemployment, compensation, unemployment rate, Labor and Demographic Economics: General, Fiscal Policies And Behavior Of Economic Agents,

As labor has become more mobile in today's world, it is important to understand the income and welfare of nationals regardless of their residence. This paper develops two key concepts, gross migration-corrected pro...

Two-Sided Market, R&D and Payments System Evolution*

Two-Sided Market, R&D and Payments System Evolution* »

Source: Two-Sided Market, R&D and Payments System Evolution

Volume/Issue: 2019/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bin Grace Li , James McAndrews , and Zhu Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2019

ISBN: 9781484399620

Keywords: Income distribution, Consumer credit, Income inequality, Consumer goods, Payment systems, R&;D, Technology Adoption, Two-Sided Market, consumer welfare, payment card

It takes many years for more efficient electronic payments to be widely used, and the fees that merchants (consumers) pay for using those services are increasing (decreasing) over time. We address these puzzles by...

NAFTA to USMCA: What is Gained?1

NAFTA to USMCA: What is Gained?1 »

Source: NAFTA to USMCA: What is Gained?

Volume/Issue: 2019/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Burfisher , Frederic Lambert , and Troy Matheson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498303286

Keywords: Economic integration, Trade policy, Patterns of trade, Merchandise trade, Bilateral trade, NAFTA, USMCA, LVC, RVC, U.S. tariff

The United States - Mexico - Canada Agreement (USMCA) was signed on November 30, 2018 and aims to replace and modernize the North-American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). This paper uses a global, multisector, compu...

Aid Scaling Up

Aid Scaling Up »

Source: Aid Scaling Up : Do Wage Bill Ceilings Stand in the Way?

Volume/Issue: 2006/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Annalisa Fedelino , Gerd Schwartz , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

ISBN: 9781451863666

Keywords: IMF conditionality, aid scaling up, MDGs, wage, salaries, civil service, government wages, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, Wages, Compensation

This paper assesses whether the scaling up of aid and the resulting increase in government spending that is needed to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) would be hampered by wage bill ceilings that are of...