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Impact of Intra-European Trade Agreements, 1990-2005

Impact of Intra-European Trade Agreements, 1990-2005 »

Source: Impact of Intra-European Trade Agreements, 1990-2005 : Policy Implications for the Western Balkans and Ukraine

Volume/Issue: 2007/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhaogang Qiao , and Johannes Herderschee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2007

ISBN: 9781451866902

Keywords: Gravity Model, Customs Union, Currency Union, customs, trade agreement,

The paper provides quantitative estimates of the impact of the European trade agreements on trade flows. It applies both static and dynamic panel estimation techniques. The results are useful to policymakers becaus...

Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia

Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia »

Source: Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia

Volume/Issue: 2007/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867305

Keywords: Currency Union, Gravity Model, exchange rate, bilateral trade, currency unions, trade costs, exchange rate policies,

Since the 1997 Asian currency crisis, new interest has emerged in the formation of a common currency area in East Asia. This paper provides estimates of trade and welfare effects of East Asian currency unions, usin...

Inflation, Debt, and Default in a Monetary Union

Inflation, Debt, and Default in a Monetary Union »

Source: Inflation, Debt, and Default in a Monetary Union

Volume/Issue: 2000/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Samir Jahjah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2000

ISBN: 9781451859027

Keywords: Public debt, monetary policy, monetary union, default, central bank

Depending on the preferences of the central bank, countries in a monetary union tend to accumulate less debt. This reduces the need for fiscal criteria such as debt ceilings. In a monetary union with an independent...

Yen Bloc or Yuan Bloc

Yen Bloc or Yuan Bloc »

Source: Yen Bloc or Yuan Bloc : An Analysis of Currency Arrangements in East Asia

Volume/Issue: 2009/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2009

ISBN: 9781451871500

Keywords: Currency Union, Gravity Model, currency unions, trade effects, exchange rate, regional trade, bilateral trade,

This paper examines the role of Japan against that of China in the exchange rate regime in East Asia in light of growing interest in forming a currency union in the region. The analysis suggests that currency union...

Should African Monetary Unions Be Expanded? An Empirical Investigation of the Scope for Monetary Integration in Sub-Saharan Africa

Should African Monetary Unions Be Expanded? An Empirical Investigation of the Scope for Monetary Integration in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Should African Monetary Unions Be Expanded? An Empirical Investigation of the Scope for Monetary Integration in Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2010/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xavier Debrun , Catherine Pattillo , and Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201402

Keywords: Monetary integration, monetary union, monetary unions, inflation, monetary policy, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

This paper develops a full-fledged cost-benefit analysis of monetary integration, and applies it to the currency unions actively pursued in Africa. The benefits of monetary union come from a more credible monetary...

The Common Monetary Area in Southern Africa

The Common Monetary Area in Southern Africa »

Source: The Common Monetary Area in Southern Africa : Shocks, Adjustment, and Policy Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2007/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Iyabo Masha , Leighton Harris , Jian-Ye Wang , and Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867220

Keywords: Exchange Rate, Monetary Union, Shocks, Policy Adjustment, inflation, central bank, monetary unions, monetary fund,

This study assesses the experience of the Common Monetary Area (CMA) based on available empirical evidence over the last two decades. It pays particular attention to member countries' adjustment to economic shocks...

Monetary and Exchange Rate Arrangements for Nafta

Monetary and Exchange Rate Arrangements for Nafta »

Source: Monetary and Exchange Rate Arrangements for Nafta

Volume/Issue: 1993/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Barry Eichengreen , and Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451843804

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary union, exchange rates, aggregate demand, economic integration

This paper considers the extent to which the North American Free Trade Area (NAFTA) meets the criteria for a common currency area. NAFTA is compared with the EC, a regional grouping for which initial plans for a mo...

Fiscal Federalism in Europe

Fiscal Federalism in Europe »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Europe : Is it a Necessary Precondition for a Successful European Economic and Monetary Integration?

Volume/Issue: 1994/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norbert Berthold

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1994

ISBN: 9781451849523

Keywords: monetary union, fiscal stabilization policies, fiscal federalism, fiscal stabilization

An important question in the process of European integration concerns the best institutional level for stabilization policies. The theory of fiscal federalism gives criteria for evaluating if fiscal stabilization p...

Economic and Monetary Union in Europe and Constraintson National Budgetary Policies

Economic and Monetary Union in Europe and Constraintson National Budgetary Policies »

Source: Economic and Monetary Union in Europe and Constraintson National Budgetary Policies

Volume/Issue: 1990/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1990

ISBN: 9781451965278

Keywords: monetary union, monetary policy, price stability, inflation, monetary fund

This paper reviews the pros and cons of institutionalized constraints limiting the freedom of national budgetary policies within an Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) in Europe. The issue is approached from three an...

Unionization and Strategic Trade Policy

Unionization and Strategic Trade Policy »

Source: Unionization and Strategic Trade Policy

Volume/Issue: 2000/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Phillip Swagel , and Ling Tan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

ISBN: 9781451847376

Keywords: strategic trade policy, trade union, wage bargaining, wage, bargaining power, profit sharing

This paper examines the effect of unionization on welfare and trade policy in a model of duopolists competing in a third market. It shows that the traditional result that the presence of a union necessitates a stro...