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The Baltics
			: Competitiveness on the Eve of EU Accession

The Baltics : Competitiveness on the Eve of EU Accession »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Yuan Xiao , Robert Burgess , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063266.058

ISBN: 9781589063266

Keywords: European Union, Labor productivity, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange rates, inflation

Large current account deficits in Estonia and Latvia, and the continued real appreciation of the exchange rate in Lithuania, have prompted concerns about the competitiveness of the Baltic economies, and called into...

Growth in the Central and Eastern European Countries of the European Union

Growth in the Central and Eastern European Countries of the European Union »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Abdul Abiad , Ashoka Mody , Susan Schadler , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065543.084

ISBN: 9781589065543

Keywords: Eastern Europe, Economic growth, European Union, per capita income, growth rates, tfp, gdp growth, current account deficit

The central challenges facing the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia as they work to catch up to advanced European Union (EU) income levels are discussed in this new...

Cash Shortage in the Former Soviet Union

Cash Shortage in the Former Soviet Union »

Source: Cash Shortage in the Former Soviet Union

Volume/Issue: 1994/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1994

ISBN: 9781451848861

Keywords: inflation, monetary union, monetary fund, money supply, monetary authority, European II,

An unexpected shortage of banknotes emerged during 1992 in the former Soviet Union. The cash shortage is explained by the asymmetry in the monetary union that prevailed, under which one member (the Russian Federati...

The Imf and the Ruble Area, 1991-19+L2116931

The Imf and the Ruble Area, 1991-19+L2116931 »

Source: The Imf and the Ruble Area, 1991-1993

Volume/Issue: 2001/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Odling-Smee , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451852516

Keywords: ruble area, central banks, central bank, monetary union, foreign exchange, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

This paper summarizes the IMF advice on the ruble area as it was presented to the national authorities in Russia, the Baltic countries, and other states of the former Soviet Union in 1991-93. In the course of doing...

External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union

External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union : The Transition to a Market Economy

Volume/Issue: 1998/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): John Odling-Smee , and Basil Zavoiceo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451972610

Keywords: Baltics, External financing, External debt, Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Russian Federation, Transition economies, Russia, CIS, debt

The external debt of many countries of the Baltics, Russia, and the former Soviet Union has been growing rapidly in recent years and has played an important part in the transition process. However, it is vital to s...

Exchange Rate Regimes in Selected Advanced Transition Economies

Exchange Rate Regimes in Selected Advanced Transition Economies »

Source: Exchange Rate Regimes in Selected Advanced Transition Economies : Coping with Transition, Capital Inflows, and EU Accession

Volume/Issue: 2000/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2000

ISBN: 9781451974119

Keywords: Estonia, Exchange rate regimes, European Union, Capital inflows, Czech Republic, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovenia, Transition economies

Since beginning economic transition, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland, and Slovenia have—with much success—employed diverse exchange rate regimes. As these countries approach EU accession,...

APPENDIX 1. Estimating Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates in the Baltics in a Cointegration Framework

APPENDIX 1. Estimating Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates in the Baltics in a Cointegration Framework »

Source: The Baltics : Competitiveness on the Eve of EU Accession

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Yuan Xiao , Robert Burgess , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2004

ISBN: 9781589063266

Keywords: European Union, Labor productivity, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange rates, inflation

This appendix considers the behavior of real effective exchange rates (REERs) in the Baltics over the period 1994–2002. The analysis is based on a theoretical framework that encompa...

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: The Baltics : Competitiveness on the Eve of EU Accession

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Yuan Xiao , Robert Burgess , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2004

ISBN: 9781589063266

Keywords: European Union, Labor productivity, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange rates, inflation

Concerns about the competitiveness of the Baltic economies have reemerged, as current account deficits have widened in Estonia and Latvia, and the real exchange rate has continued to appreciate in Lithuania....

Chapter 2. Assessing Competitiveness

Chapter 2. Assessing Competitiveness »

Source: The Baltics : Competitiveness on the Eve of EU Accession

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Yuan Xiao , Robert Burgess , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2004

ISBN: 9781589063266

Keywords: European Union, Labor productivity, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange rates, inflation

This chapter assesses developments in the Baltic countries’ external competitiveness by reviewing a range of standard indicators. These include price-and cost-based measures of the real effective exchange ra...

Chapter 3. Productivity Developments in the Baltics

Chapter 3. Productivity Developments in the Baltics »

Source: The Baltics : Competitiveness on the Eve of EU Accession

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Yuan Xiao , Robert Burgess , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2004

ISBN: 9781589063266

Keywords: European Union, Labor productivity, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange rates, inflation

Productivity is the main determinant of national living standards over the long run—or at least the determinant over which policymakers in most countries have indirect leverage. 18...