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Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2003

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061552.051

ISBN: 9781589061552

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Tax Policy for Developing Countries

Tax Policy for Developing Countries »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Howell Zee , and Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2002

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060258.051

ISBN: 9781589060258

Keywords: Developing countries, tax incentives, tax policy, tax system, tax systems, personal income tax, taxation, tax revenue, corporate income tax, tax credits

Discusses important tax policy issues facing developing countries today, provides a review of the role of tax incentives, and identifies some policy challenges posed by the globalization of the world economy. Draws...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2015
			: Tackling Challenges Together

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2015 : Tackling Challenges Together »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 October 2015

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513568140.011

ISBN: 9781513568140

Keywords: debt, imf, tax, interest, investment

The past year has been a time of unexpected challenges for the international community, International Monetary Fund (IMF) Managing Director Christine Lagarde says in her foreword to the institution's Annual Report...

Transition to Market
			: Studies in Fiscal Reform

Transition to Market : Studies in Fiscal Reform »

Series: Books

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754035.071

ISBN: 9781557754035

Keywords: Fiscal reforms, Markets, Transition economies, privatization, tax administration, tax system, taxation, tax reform, state budget, tax rates

IMF economists work closely with member countries on a variety of issues. Their unique perspective on country experiences and best practices on global macroeconomic issues are often shared in the form of books on d...

Balance of Payments Compilation Guide

Balance of Payments Compilation Guide »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 May 1999

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756671.071

ISBN: 9781557756671

Keywords: statistics, liabilities, surveys, payments, interest, debt, survey, direct investment, loans, collections

A companion document to the fifth edition of the Balance of Payments Manual, the Balance of Payments Compilation Guide shows how the conceptual framework described in the Manual may be implemented in practice. The...

Government Finance Statistics Manual, 2001

Government Finance Statistics Manual, 2001 »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061347.069

ISBN: 9781589061347

Keywords: taxes, liabilities, interest, payments, loans, social insurance, debt, social security, benefits, social benefits

This Manual, which updates the first edition published in 1986, is a major advance in the standards for compilation and presentation of fiscal statistics. It is intended as a reference volume for compilers of gover...

Balance of Payments Textbook

Balance of Payments Textbook »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 January 1996

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755742.069

ISBN: 9781557755742

Keywords: payments, balance of payments, liabilities, direct investment, reserve assets, interest, debt, freight, loans, customs

The Balance of Payments Textbook, like the Balance of Payments Compilation Guide, is a companion document to the fifth edition of the Balance of Payments Manual. The Textbook provides illustrative examples and appl...

Balance of Payments Manual, Sixth Edition

Balance of Payments Manual, Sixth Edition »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2012

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068162.069

ISBN: 9781589068162

Keywords: debt, liabilities, payments, direct investment, interest, loans, taxes, investment income, foreign currency, current account

The sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual presents revised and updated standards for concepts, definitions, and classifications for international accounts statistics....

Balance of Payments Manual

Balance of Payments Manual »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753687.069

ISBN: 9781557753687

Keywords: payments, balance of payments, liabilities, debt, interest, reserve assets, current account, loans, direct investment, taxes

The Manual presents concepts, definitions, classifications, and conventions for compilation of balance of payments and international investment position statistics. As the international standard, the Manual serves...

Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency (2007)

Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency (2007) »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067073.069

ISBN: 9781589067073

Keywords: fiscal policy, eiti, fiscal transparency, fiscal regime, resource-rich countries, revenue flows, fiscal activities, revenue management, taxation, tax administration

This series contains practical "how-to" information for economists and includes topics such as tax policy, balance of payments statistics, external debt statistics, foreign exchange reserve management, and financia...