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Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 June 2003

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061545.051

ISBN: 9781589061545

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Tax Policy for Developing Countries

Tax Policy for Developing Countries »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Howell Zee , and Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2002

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060241.051

ISBN: 9781589060241

Keywords: Developing countries, tax incentives, tax policy, tax system, tax systems, personal income tax, taxation, tax revenue, corporate income tax, tax credits

Discusses important tax policy issues facing developing countries today, provides a review of the role of tax incentives, and identifies some policy challenges posed by the globalization of the world economy. Draws...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2015
			: Tackling Challenges Together

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2015 : Tackling Challenges Together »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513536279.011

ISBN: 9781513536279

Keywords: debt, imf, tax, interest, investment

The past year has been a time of unexpected challenges for the international community, International Monetary Fund (IMF) Managing Director Christine Lagarde says in her foreword to the institution's Annual Report...

Balance of Payments Compilation Guide

Balance of Payments Compilation Guide »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2000

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758781.071

ISBN: 9781557758781

Keywords: statistics, liabilities, surveys, payments, interest, debt, survey, direct investment, loans, collections

A companion document to the fifth edition of the Balance of Payments Manual, the Balance of Payments Compilation Guide shows how the conceptual framework described in the Manual may be implemented in practice. The...

Government Finance Statistics Manual, 2001

Government Finance Statistics Manual, 2001 »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 February 2003

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061330.069

ISBN: 9781589061330

Keywords: taxes, liabilities, interest, payments, loans, social insurance, debt, social security, benefits, social benefits

This Manual, which updates the first edition published in 1986, is a major advance in the standards for compilation and presentation of fiscal statistics. It is intended as a reference volume for compilers of gover...

Balance of Payments Textbook

Balance of Payments Textbook »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2000

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758774.069

ISBN: 9781557758774

Keywords: payments, balance of payments, liabilities, direct investment, reserve assets, interest, debt, freight, loans, customs

The Balance of Payments Textbook, like the Balance of Payments Compilation Guide, is a companion document to the fifth edition of the Balance of Payments Manual. The Textbook provides illustrative examples and appl...

Balance of Payments Manual

Balance of Payments Manual »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753694.071

ISBN: 9781557753694

Keywords: payments, balance of payments, liabilities, debt, interest, reserve assets, current account, loans, direct investment, taxes

The Manual presents concepts, definitions, classifications, and conventions for compilation of balance of payments and international investment position statistics. As the international standard, the Manual serves...

Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency (2007)

Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency (2007) »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067042.069

ISBN: 9781589067042

Keywords: fiscal policy, eiti, fiscal transparency, fiscal regime, resource-rich countries, revenue flows, fiscal activities, revenue management, taxation, tax administration

This series contains practical "how-to" information for economists and includes topics such as tax policy, balance of payments statistics, external debt statistics, foreign exchange reserve management, and financia...

Modernizing China
			: Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Modernizing China : Investing in Soft Infrastructure »

Series: Books

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2017

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475583625.071

ISBN: 9781475583625

Keywords: China, China, People's Republic of, Economic reforms, reforms, economic success, growth model, policy frameworks, markets, market economy, soft infrastructure

China is at a critical juncture in its economic transformation as it tries to rebalance what is generally seen as an exhausted growth model. A unifying theme across the reforms that will deliver this transformation...

World Economic Outlook, April 2012
			: Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain

World Economic Outlook, April 2012 : Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2012

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352684.081

ISBN: 9781616352684

Keywords: Africa, Asia, Banking sector, Budget deficits, Capital account, Capital inflows, Central banks, Commodity prices, Consumer price indexes, Consumption

The April 2012 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which has gradually strengthened after a major setback during 2011. The threat of a sharp global slowdown eased wi...