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Tariff-Tax Reforms in Large Economies

Tariff-Tax Reforms in Large Economies »

Source: Tariff-Tax Reforms in Large Economies

Volume/Issue: 2012/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juha Tervala , and Giovanni Ganelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503944

Keywords: Tariff-tax reform, imperfect competition, trade negotiations, open economy macroeconomics, tax reform, consumption tax, tariff rate

This paper studies tariff-tax reforms in a calibrated two-region global New Keynesian model composed of a developing and an advanced region. In our baseline calibration, a revenue-neutral reform that lowers tariffs...

Environmental Protectionism, North-South Trade, and the Uruguay Round1/

Environmental Protectionism, North-South Trade, and the Uruguay Round1/ »

Source: Environmental Protectionism, North-South Trade, and the Uruguay Round

Volume/Issue: 1995/6

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piritta Sorsa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451929041

Keywords: environment, environmental standards, environmental agreements, environmental problems, environmental taxes

The paper seeks to provide an overview of the present state of debate on trade, environment and the GATT for developing countries. Potential for green protectionism and relevant GATT rules are discussed in three ar...

Social Security Issues in Developing Countries

Social Security Issues in Developing Countries »

Source: Social Security Issues in Developing Countries : The Latin American Experience

Volume/Issue: 1988/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 1988

ISBN: 9781451921373

Keywords: social security, pension, social security system, payroll tax, pensions

The paper surveys the major economic, financial, and administrative issues that confront social security systems in Latin America. The larger systems have contributed substantially to public sector financial disequ...

Private Saving, Public Saving, and the Inflation Tax

Private Saving, Public Saving, and the Inflation Tax »

Source: Private Saving, Public Saving, and the Inflation Tax : Another Look At An Old Issue

Volume/Issue: 1993/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1993

ISBN: 9781451845495

Keywords: inflation, inflation tax, inflation rate, money balances, money demand, Private Saving, Public Saving and the Inflation Tax: Another Look at an Old Issue,

The present paper provides an analytical discussion on a popular issue: the measurement problems associated with the inflation tax. It is well known that conventional national accounts definitions usually misplace...

Adjusting to New Realities

Adjusting to New Realities »

Source: Adjusting to New Realities : MENA, The Uruguay Round, and the EU-Mediterranean Initiative

Volume/Issue: 1997/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Susan Fennell , Patricia Alonso-Gamo , and Khaled Sakr

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451842142

Keywords: trade reform, oil exports, trade taxes, quantitative restrictions

This paper addresses concerns that the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, with the exception of the GCC economies, has lagged behind in trade liberalization. This delay has adversely affected production ef...

Currency Substitution in Developing Countries

Currency Substitution in Developing Countries »

Source: Currency Substitution in Developing Countries : An Introduction

Volume/Issue: 1992/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , and Carlos Végh Gramont

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1992

ISBN: 9781451845884

Keywords: Exchange rates, Developing countries, Currency substitution, Inflation, foreign currency, exchange rate, inflation tax

This paper reviews the main policy and analytical issues related to currency substitution in developing countries. The paper discusses, first, whether currency substitution should be encouraged or not; second, how...

Policy Instruments to Lean Against the Wind in Latin America

Policy Instruments to Lean Against the Wind in Latin America »

Source: Policy Instruments to Lean Against the Wind in Latin America

Volume/Issue: 2011/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): G. Terrier , Rodrigo Valdes , Camilo Tovar Mora , Jorge Chan-Lau , Carlos Fernandez Valdovinos , Mercedes Garcia-Escribano , Carlos Medeiros , Man-Keung Tang , Mercedes Vera Martin , and W. Christopher Walker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781455297726

Keywords: Dynamic Provisions, Leverage Ratios, Liquidity Requirements, Debt-to-Income Ratios, Loan-to-Value Ratios, Foreign Exchange Credit Risk, Foreign Exchange Positions, Taxes on Capital Inflows, financial system, banking

This paper reviews policy tools that have been used and/or are available for policy makers in the region to lean against the wind and review relevant country experiences using them. The instruments examined include...

Policy Instruments To Lean Against The Wind In Latin America1

Policy Instruments To Lean Against The Wind In Latin America1 »

Source: Policy Instruments to Lean Against the Wind in Latin America

Volume/Issue: 2011/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): G. Terrier , Rodrigo Valdes , Camilo Tovar Mora , Jorge Chan-Lau , Carlos Fernandez Valdovinos , Mercedes Garcia-Escribano , Carlos Medeiros , Man-Keung Tang , Mercedes Vera Martin , and W. Christopher Walker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781455297726

Keywords: Dynamic Provisions, Leverage Ratios, Liquidity Requirements, Debt-to-Income Ratios, Loan-to-Value Ratios, Foreign Exchange Credit Risk, Foreign Exchange Positions, Taxes on Capital Inflows, financial system, banking

This paper reviews policy tools that have been used and/or are available for policy makers in the region to lean against the wind and review relevant country experiences using them. The instruments examined include...

Policy Instruments To Lean Against The Wind In Latin America1

Policy Instruments To Lean Against The Wind In Latin America1 »

Source: Policy Instruments to Lean Against the Wind in Latin America

Volume/Issue: 2011/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): G. Terrier , Rodrigo Valdes , Camilo Tovar Mora , Jorge Chan-Lau , Carlos Fernandez Valdovinos , Mercedes Garcia-Escribano , Carlos Medeiros , Man-Keung Tang , Mercedes Vera Martin , and W. Christopher Walker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781455297726

Keywords: Dynamic Provisions, Leverage Ratios, Liquidity Requirements, Debt-to-Income Ratios, Loan-to-Value Ratios, Foreign Exchange Credit Risk, Foreign Exchange Positions, Taxes on Capital Inflows, financial system, banking

This paper reviews policy tools that have been used and/or are available for policy makers in the region to lean against the wind and review relevant country experiences using them. The instruments examined include...

Policy Instruments To Lean Against The Wind In Latin America1

Policy Instruments To Lean Against The Wind In Latin America1 »

Source: Policy Instruments to Lean Against the Wind in Latin America

Volume/Issue: 2011/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): G. Terrier , Rodrigo Valdes , Camilo Tovar Mora , Jorge Chan-Lau , Carlos Fernandez Valdovinos , Mercedes Garcia-Escribano , Carlos Medeiros , Man-Keung Tang , Mercedes Vera Martin , and W. Christopher Walker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781455297726

Keywords: Dynamic Provisions, Leverage Ratios, Liquidity Requirements, Debt-to-Income Ratios, Loan-to-Value Ratios, Foreign Exchange Credit Risk, Foreign Exchange Positions, Taxes on Capital Inflows, financial system, banking

This paper reviews policy tools that have been used and/or are available for policy makers in the region to lean against the wind and review relevant country experiences using them. The instruments examined include...