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A comparative analysis of taxes and CO2 emissions from passenger cars in the Nordic countries

A comparative analysis of taxes and CO2 emissions from passenger cars in the Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Henrik Duer , Pernille Øvre Ritnagel , and Camilla Rosenhagen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9789289322164

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, CO2 Emissions, Passenger Cars, Registration Tax, Annual Circulation Tax, Company Car Schemes, CO2 Efficient Cars

The report discusses how economic instruments can be used to reduce CO2 emissions from passenger cars in the Nordic countries. The analysis indicate that The registration tax and the annual circulation tax can cont...

The financial crisis and fiscal consolidation in green budgets

The financial crisis and fiscal consolidation in green budgets »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Annegrete Bruvoll , Silja Kralik , Friðrik Már Baldursson , and Haakon Vennemo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289324793

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Fiscal Consolidation, Environmental Tax, Subsidy Reforms, Economic Efficiency, Financial Crisis, Environmental Tax Policy

This project adds insight into the potential contribution to fiscal consolidation from environmental tax and subsidy reforms, i.e. strengthening public budgets while at the same time improving economic efficiency a...

The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic Environmental Policy 2006-2009

The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic Environmental Policy 2006-2009 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anna Eriksson , Terhi Fitch , Henrik Lindhjem , John Magne Skjelvik , and Lise-Lotte Pade Hansen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289319409

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Economic Instruments, Environmental Policy, Policy Instruments, Emissions Trading System, Vehicle Registration Tax, Economy and national budget

The Nordic Council of Ministers publishes regular overview reports on the use of economic instruments in Nordic environmental policy. In this report, Part I presents an overview of the use of economic instruments w...

Finland: Technical Assistance Report-Revenue Administration Gap Analysis Program-The Value-Added Tax Gap

Finland: Technical Assistance Report-Revenue Administration Gap Analysis Program-The Value-Added Tax Gap »

Source: Finland : Technical Assistance Report-Revenue Administration Gap Analysis Program-The Value-Added Tax Gap

Volume/Issue: 2016/60

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2016

ISBN: 9781475558722

Keywords: tax, added tax, compliance gap, revenue

This report presents estimates of the tax gap for Finland for the period 2008-14. There are two main components to the RA-GAP methodology for estimating the VAT gap: 1) estimate the potential VAT collections for a...

Finland: Selected Issues

Finland: Selected Issues »

Source: Finland : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2003/326

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451813210

Keywords: fiscal policy, taxes, tax cuts, tax changes, discretionary fiscal policy

In light of potential changes in fiscal policy in Finland, the impact of changes in the fiscal stance on short-term economic growth is an issue of interest. This paper estimates the short-term impact of fiscal poli...

Finland: Selected Issues

Finland: Selected Issues »

Source: Finland : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2003/326

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451813210

Keywords: fiscal policy, taxes, tax cuts, tax changes, discretionary fiscal policy

In light of potential changes in fiscal policy in Finland, the impact of changes in the fiscal stance on short-term economic growth is an issue of interest. This paper estimates the short-term impact of fiscal poli...

Personal Income Tax Reform

Personal Income Tax Reform »

Source: Personal Income Tax Reform : Concepts, Issues, and Comparative Country Developments

Volume/Issue: 2005/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451861068

Keywords: Tax reform, personal income tax, taxation, tax liability, tax credit, tax system, tax burden, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

This paper provides a largely nontechnical survey of concepts and issues related to the reform of the personal income tax, covering both base and rate aspects of the tax, as well as fundamental reform options. It a...

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1 »

Source: Globalization and the Future of Social Protection

Volume/Issue: 2000/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451842890

Keywords: globalization, welfare state, tax expenditure, regulations, public spending, social expenditure, expenditures, tax expenditures, tax systems, expenditure

Social protection in industrial countries has been provided through regulations, tax expenditures, and public spending. This paper argues that globalization will affect governments’ ability to continue provi...

Legal and Institutional Obstacles to Growth and Business in Russia

Legal and Institutional Obstacles to Growth and Business in Russia »

Source: Legal and Institutional Obstacles to Growth and Business in Russia

Volume/Issue: 1997/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Elaine Buckberg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

ISBN: 9781451970814

Keywords: Economic growth, Private sector, Russian Federation, tax system, corruption, organized crime, tax rates, tax burden, Economic Reform,

Although financial stabilization has laid the foundation for growth, structural reform of the economy will determine whether Russia achieves sustained medium-term growth. The next step for Russia is to create an in...

Estimating VAT Pass Through

Estimating VAT Pass Through »

Source: Estimating VAT Pass Through

Volume/Issue: 2015/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dora Benedek , Ruud A. Mooij , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513586359

Keywords: Tax incidence, Price effect, Pass through, consumption, prices, goods, elasticity, value, Incidence, Business Taxes and Subsidies,

This paper estimates the pass through of VAT changes to consumer prices, using a unique dataset providing disaggregated, monthly data on prices and VAT rates for 17 Eurozone countries over 1999-2013. Pass through i...