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The Value-Added Tax

The Value-Added Tax »

Source: The Value-Added Tax : Its Causes and Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2007/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ben Lockwood , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867473

Keywords: vat, tax ratio, taxation, tax system, Value-added Tax, Tax Reform,

Has the VAT proved, as its proponents claim, an especially effective form of taxation? To address this, this paper first shows that a tax innovation-such as the introduction of a VAT- reduces the marginal cost of p...

Coordinating Tariff Reduction and Domestic Tax Reform

Coordinating Tariff Reduction and Domestic Tax Reform »

Source: Coordinating Tariff Reduction and Domestic Tax Reform

Volume/Issue: 1999/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Jenny Ligthart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

ISBN: 9781451851632

Keywords: tariff reform, tax reform, intermediate inputs, imperfect competition, consumption tax, consumption taxes, world prices

A key obstacle to fundamental tariff reform in many developing countries is the revenue loss that it ultimately implies. This paper establishes a simple and practicable strategy for realizing the efficiency gains f...

Fiscal Revenue and Inflationary Finance

Fiscal Revenue and Inflationary Finance »

Source: Fiscal Revenue and Inflationary Finance

Volume/Issue: 1990/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nurun Choudhry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1990

ISBN: 9781451972184

Keywords: inflation rate, rate of inflation, monetary base, inflation tax

This paper analyzes the erosion of fiscal revenue by inflation resulting from the issuance of money. The empirical evidence for a number of developing countries supports the well-known hypothesis that an increase i...

Exiting From Fragility in sub-Saharan Africa

Exiting From Fragility in sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Exiting From Fragility in sub-Saharan Africa : The Role of Fiscal Policies and Fiscal Institutions

Volume/Issue: 2015/268

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Corinne Deléchat , Ejona Fuli , Dafina Glaser , Gustavo Ramirez , and Rui Xu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2015

ISBN: 9781513591315

Keywords: fragility, resilience, fiscal institutions, CPIA, revenue, taxes, tax, budget, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development

This paper studies the role of fiscal policies and institutions in building resilience in sub-Saharan African countries during 1990-2013, with specific emphasis on a group of twenty-six countries that were deemed f...

Social Impact of a Tax Reform

Social Impact of a Tax Reform »

Source: Social Impact of a Tax Reform : The Case of Ethiopia

Volume/Issue: 2003/232

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sònia Muñoz , and Stanley Cho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451875584

Keywords: Incidence Analysis, Value-Added Tax, Poverty-Related Expenditure, vat, expenditure, expenditures, public expenditure, total expenditure, Equity, Justice

This paper provides an assessment of the poverty and social impact of replacing Ethiopia's sales tax with a value-added tax (VAT). The results indicate that this reform has not had a major adverse effect on the poo...

Building Resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa’s Fragile States

Building Resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa’s Fragile States »

Source: Building Resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa's Fragile States

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Enrique Gelbard , Corinne Deléchat , Ejona Fuli , Mumtaz Hussain , Ulrich Jacoby , Dafina Glaser , Marco Pani , Gustavo Ramirez , and Rui Xu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513550015

Keywords: Ethiopia, Economic growth, Cross country analysis, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Central African Republic, Mozambique, Mali, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Stabilization measures

This paper analyzes the persistence of fragility in some sub-Saharan African states and the multiple dimensions of state weakness that are simultaneously at play. This study also provides an overview of the analyti...

Make Investment Scaling-Up Work in Benin: A Macro-Fiscal Analysis

Make Investment Scaling-Up Work in Benin: A Macro-Fiscal Analysis »

Source: Building Resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa's Fragile States

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Enrique Gelbard , Corinne Deléchat , Ejona Fuli , Mumtaz Hussain , Ulrich Jacoby , Dafina Glaser , Marco Pani , Gustavo Ramirez , and Rui Xu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 November 2015

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513579771

Keywords: Ethiopia, Economic growth, Cross country analysis, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Central African Republic, Mozambique, Mali, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Stabilization measures

This paper analyzes the persistence of fragility in some sub-Saharan African states and the multiple dimensions of state weakness that are simultaneously at play. This study also provides an overview of the analyti...

1. Introduction

1. Introduction »

Source: Building Resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa's Fragile States

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Enrique Gelbard , Corinne Deléchat , Ejona Fuli , Mumtaz Hussain , Ulrich Jacoby , Dafina Glaser , Marco Pani , Gustavo Ramirez , and Rui Xu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513550015

Keywords: Ethiopia, Economic growth, Cross country analysis, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Central African Republic, Mozambique, Mali, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Stabilization measures

Fragile states—states in which the government is unable to deliver basic services and security to the population—face severe and entrenched obstacles to economic and human development. While definitions of f...

3. Measuring Fragility, Economic Performance, and Social Outcomes

3. Measuring Fragility, Economic Performance, and Social Outcomes »

Source: Building Resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa's Fragile States

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Enrique Gelbard , Corinne Deléchat , Ejona Fuli , Mumtaz Hussain , Ulrich Jacoby , Dafina Glaser , Marco Pani , Gustavo Ramirez , and Rui Xu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513550015

Keywords: Ethiopia, Economic growth, Cross country analysis, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Central African Republic, Mozambique, Mali, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Stabilization measures

This chapter assesses developments in 26 sub-Saharan African countries that are deemed to have been fragile in the 1990s and investigates their performance in terms of a number of macroeconomic, fiscal, and...

4. The Role of Fiscal Policies and Institutions

4. The Role of Fiscal Policies and Institutions »

Source: Building Resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa's Fragile States

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Enrique Gelbard , Corinne Deléchat , Ejona Fuli , Mumtaz Hussain , Ulrich Jacoby , Dafina Glaser , Marco Pani , Gustavo Ramirez , and Rui Xu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513550015

Keywords: Ethiopia, Economic growth, Cross country analysis, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Central African Republic, Mozambique, Mali, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Stabilization measures

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