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International Vat Harmonization

International Vat Harmonization »

Source: International Vat Harmonization : Economic Effects

Volume/Issue: 1991/22

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jacob Frenkel , Steven Symansky , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1991

ISBN: 9781451921175

Keywords: tax system, home country, tax rates, tax systems, tax structure

This paper highlights key macroeconomic issues related to VAT harmonization. A model is developed which emphasizes the effects of changes in the time profile of various taxes on international behavior. Dynamic simu...

Fiscal Policy and Growth in the Context of European Integration

Fiscal Policy and Growth in the Context of European Integration »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Growth in the Context of European Integration

Volume/Issue: 2000/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

ISBN: 9781451855487

Keywords: fiscal federalism, tax competition, tax rates, fiscal policies, pension, pensions

The paper considers the issue of whether a supranational fiscal policy in Europe is needed, and, if so, what responsibilities it should undertake. The literature on endogenous growth and the principle of subsidiari...

Taxation and Leverage in International Banking

Taxation and Leverage in International Banking »

Source: Taxation and Leverage in International Banking

Volume/Issue: 2012/281

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Grace Weishi Gu , Ruud A. Mooij , and Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 November 2012

ISBN: 9781475572209

Keywords: Bank taxation, corporate tax, debt bias, leverage, international tax, subsidiaries, capital requirement, capital structure, tax differences

This paper explores how corporate taxes affect the financial structure of multinational banks. Guided by a simple theory of optimal capital structure it tests (i) whether corporate taxes induce subsidiary banks to...

Estimating VAT Pass Through

Estimating VAT Pass Through »

Source: Estimating VAT Pass Through

Volume/Issue: 2015/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dora Benedek , Ruud A. Mooij , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513586359

Keywords: Tax incidence, Price effect, Pass through, consumption, prices, goods, elasticity, value, Incidence, Business Taxes and Subsidies,

This paper estimates the pass through of VAT changes to consumer prices, using a unique dataset providing disaggregated, monthly data on prices and VAT rates for 17 Eurozone countries over 1999-2013. Pass through i...

Tax Revenue Downturns

Tax Revenue Downturns »

Source: Tax Revenue Downturns : Anatomy and Links to Imports

Volume/Issue: 2010/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kun Li , and Pablo Lopez Murphy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201211

Keywords: downturns, tax revenues, fiscal policy, tax policy, tax bases, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government, Taxation, Subsidies

We study historical tax revenue downturn episodes-where tax revenue-to-GDP ratios decline sharply-and explore the link between tax revenues and imports. We document that downturn episodes of at least 1 percentage p...

Thin Capitalization Rules and Multinational Firm Capital Structure1

Thin Capitalization Rules and Multinational Firm Capital Structure1 »

Source: Thin Capitalization Rules and Multinational Firm Capital Structure

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jennifer Blouin , Harry Huizinga , Luc Laeven , and Gaetan Nicodeme

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2014

ISBN: 9781484384442

Keywords: Thin capitalization rule, Multinational firm, Capital structure, Taxation, tax burdens, interest payments, tax countries, tax authorities, Business Taxes and Subsidies, Taxation.,

This paper examines the impact of thin capitalization rules that limit the tax deductibility of interest on the capital structure of the foreign affiliates of US multinationals. We construct a new data set on thin...

Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies of the Euro Area

Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies of the Euro Area »

Source: Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies of the Euro Area : The Euro Area Stability Programs

Volume/Issue: 2000/63

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2000

ISBN: 9781451812916

Keywords: expenditures, expenditure, fiscal effort, tax cuts, fiscal consolidation

This report describes the monetary and exchange rate policies of the euro area and the euro area stability programs. The Stability and Growth Pact presents annual stability programs (SPs), which outlines the medium...

House Price Developments in Europe

House Price Developments in Europe »

Source: House Price Developments in Europe : A Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2008/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Hilbers , Angana Banerji , Haiyan Shi , and Alexander Hoffmaister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870695

Keywords: Housing markets, mortgage, mortgage interest, property tax, home ownership,

House prices in Europe have shown diverging trends, and this paper seeks to explain these differences by analyzing three groups of countries: the "fast lane", the average performers, and the slow movers. Price move...

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State »

Source: The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

Volume/Issue: 2002/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Phillip Swagel , Efraim Sadka , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451849004

Keywords: dependency ratio, labor tax, tax rate, dependency, unemployment, social security, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

Data for the United States and countries in Western Europe indicate a negative correlation between the dependency ratio and both labor tax rates and the generosity of social transfers, after controlling for other f...

Macroeconomic Management and the Devolution of Fiscal Powers

Macroeconomic Management and the Devolution of Fiscal Powers »

Source: Macroeconomic Management and the Devolution of Fiscal Powers

Volume/Issue: 2002/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451849882

Keywords: fiscal policies, state and local government, intergovernmental relations, local governments, local government, fiscal decentralization, fiscal devolution, tax revenue,

Several of the transition economies are devolving fiscal authority to subnational governments at a time when it is also important to consolidate fiscal policy. This can be problematic because, without appropriate c...