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Tax harmonization in the European Community
			: Policy Issues and Analysis

Tax harmonization in the European Community : Policy Issues and Analysis »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752253.084

ISBN: 9781557752253

Keywords: taxation, tax rates, tax harmonization, tax systems, tax evasion

Tax harmonization is an integral part of completing the single European market. Expansion of the single market to the European Economic Area, and eventually to some Eastern European countries, suggests that the EC...

Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dominik Enste , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060968.051

ISBN: 9781589060968

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Russia Rebounds

Russia Rebounds »

Series: Books

Author(s): David Robinson , and David Owen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062078.071

ISBN: 9781589062078

Keywords: banking, banking system, tax administration, expenditure, bonds

Russia Rebounds analyzes Russia's dramatic economic recovery since the country's 1998 financial crisis, emphasizing macroeconomic issues and fiscal and banking sector reforms. The crisis was a massive shock to the...

Tax Law Design and Drafting, Volume 1

Tax Law Design and Drafting, Volume 1 »

Series: Books

Author(s): Victor Thuronyi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755872.071

ISBN: 9781557755872

Keywords: inflation, vat, social security, taxation, tax administration

Edited by Victor Thuronyi, this book offers an introduction to a broad range of issues in comparative tax law and is based on comparative discussion of the tax laws of developed countries. It presents practical mod...

The IMF's Statistical Systems in Context of Revision of the United Nations' A System of National Accounts

The IMF's Statistical Systems in Context of Revision of the United Nations' A System of National Accounts »

Series: Books

Author(s): Vicente Galbis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557751591.071

ISBN: 9781557751591

Keywords: payments, social security, interest, taxes, liabilities

Sponsored by the IMF's Statistics Department and edited by Vicente Galbis, this volume contributes to the international discussion that resulted in the UN's "A System of National Accounts, 1993." Experts from the I...

The Behavior of Non-Oil Commodity Prices

The Behavior of Non-Oil Commodity Prices »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , Peter Wickham , Mohsin Khan , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754127.084

ISBN: 9781557754127

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, commodity exports, non-oil commodity, export taxes

This paper analyzes global commodity trends and concludes that the marked decline in real commodity prices of the past decade should be regarded as largely permanent and irreversible. The authors contend that the a...

Fiscal Restructuring in the Group of Seven Major Industrial Countries in the 1990's

Fiscal Restructuring in the Group of Seven Major Industrial Countries in the 1990's »

Source: Fiscal Restructuring in the Group of Seven Major Industrial Countries in the 1990's : Macroeconomic Effects

Volume/Issue: 1995/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leonardo Bartolini , Steven Symansky , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1995

ISBN: 9781451845303

Keywords: indirect taxes, capital taxes, tax increases, tax revenues, income taxes

This paper studies the fiscal restructuring of the first half of the 1990s in the major industrial countries. It presents and calibrates a simple model of the labor market and integrates it into a multi-country mac...

Tax Policy Options for a United Germany

Tax Policy Options for a United Germany »

Source: Tax Policy Options for a United Germany

Volume/Issue: 1990/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1990

ISBN: 9781451952216

Keywords: tax system, taxation, tax reform, tax revenues, tax rates

A central requirement in the rapid movement of German Democratic Republic (GDR) toward a market economy is the introduction of a market-oriented tax system. The paper highlights the main features of the traditional...

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR)

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) »

Source: Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) : Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose

Volume: 1

Series: Tax Law Technical Note

Author(s): Christophe Waerzeggers , and Cory Hillier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513515823

Keywords: Tax evasion, Tax regimes, Tax systems, tax, tax benefit, tax law, transaction, tax avoidance

Tax avoidance continues to attract attention globally with strong support for tax law reform at all levels. This Tax Law IMF Technical Note focuses on some of the key design and drafting considerations of one speci...

The Taxation of Financial Assets

The Taxation of Financial Assets »

Source: The Taxation of Financial Assets : A Survey of Issues and Country Experiences

Volume/Issue: 1995/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John King , and Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1995

ISBN: 9781451846515

Keywords: tax treatment, tax rates, tax rate, pension, tax systems

Taxes affect the degree and efficiency of financial intermediation in many different ways. This paper summarizes the main tax provisions in OECD countries that affect the overall “tax wedge” between p...