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Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dominik Enste , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060968.051

ISBN: 9781589060968

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Shadow Economies Around the World

Shadow Economies Around the World »

Source: Shadow Economies Around the World : Size, Causes, and Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2000/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451844375

Keywords: tax evasion, tax system, tax rates, tax burden

This paper presents estimates of the size of the shadow economy in 76 developing, transition, and OECD countries, which are derived by combining figures from different estimation methods. We describe and discuss th...

Austria: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation

Austria: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Austria : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2013/280

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475575088

Keywords: fiscal adjustment, tax burden, taxation

This paper presents details of Austria's 2013 Article IV Consultation. Austria has been growing economically but is facing challenges in the financial sector. Full implementation of medium-term fiscal adjustment pl...

Austria: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Austria: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Austria : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2013/280

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475575088

Keywords: fiscal adjustment, tax burden, taxation

This paper presents details of Austria's 2013 Article IV Consultation. Austria has been growing economically but is facing challenges in the financial sector. Full implementation of medium-term fiscal adjustment pl...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2013 Article IV Consultation with Austria

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2013 Article IV Consultation with Austria »

Source: Austria : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2013/280

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475575088

Keywords: fiscal adjustment, tax burden, taxation

This paper presents details of Austria's 2013 Article IV Consultation. Austria has been growing economically but is facing challenges in the financial sector. Full implementation of medium-term fiscal adjustment pl...

Statement by Johann Prader, Executive Director for Austria and Christian Just, Advisor to the Executive Director, September 4, 2013

Statement by Johann Prader, Executive Director for Austria and Christian Just, Advisor to the Executive Director, September 4, 2013 »

Source: Austria : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2013/280

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475575088

Keywords: fiscal adjustment, tax burden, taxation

This paper presents details of Austria's 2013 Article IV Consultation. Austria has been growing economically but is facing challenges in the financial sector. Full implementation of medium-term fiscal adjustment pl...

Shadow Economies

Shadow Economies »

Source: Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dominik Enste , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060968

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion

A factory worker has a second job driving an unlicensed taxi at night; a plumber fixes a broken water pipe for a client, gets paid in cash but doesn’t declare his earnings to the tax collector; a drug dealer...

What’s on

What’s on »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 34, Issue 17

Volume/Issue: 34/17

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2005

ISBN: 9781451938883

Keywords: tax treaties, international monetary fund, tax policy, economic outlook

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

At a glance IMF financial data

At a glance IMF financial data »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 34, Issue 17

Volume/Issue: 34/17

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2005

ISBN: 9781451938883

Keywords: tax treaties, international monetary fund, tax policy, economic outlook

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Annual Meetings 2005 preview Oil, global imbalances likely to take center stage

Annual Meetings 2005 preview Oil, global imbalances likely to take center stage »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 34, Issue 17

Volume/Issue: 34/17

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2005

ISBN: 9781451938883

Keywords: tax treaties, international monetary fund, tax policy, economic outlook

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...