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Deindustrialization
			: Its Causes and Implications

Deindustrialization : Its Causes and Implications »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756435.051

ISBN: 9781557756435

Keywords: employment, productivity growth, service sector, share of employment, unemployment

Over the past 25 years, the share of employment accouted for bymanufacturing has fallen dramatically in the world's most advanced economies, a phenomenon widely referred to as "deindustrialization."Many see deindus...

Barbados

Barbados »

Source: Barbados : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1999/144

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451806007

Keywords: expenditure, credit, capital expenditure, shares, share capital

In this paper, the following statistical data are presented in detail: index of industrial production, selected sugar statistics, retail price index, nominal wage index, central government operations and transfers,...

Reforming Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in Argentina

Reforming Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in Argentina »

Source: Reforming Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in Argentina

Volume/Issue: 2003/90

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451851410

Keywords: Fiscal federalism, revenue sharing, provinces, subnational, provincial governments, federalism, fiscal relations, decentralization, revenue-sharing,

Argentina has committed itself to a reform of its revenue-sharing system. This paper examines this system and the issues involved in its redesign, and discusses the pros and cons of various options with a view to s...

Bolivia

Bolivia »

Source: Bolivia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2010/29

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2010

ISBN: 9781451805871

Keywords: revenue sharing, subnational governments, intergovernmental fiscal, fiscal balance, fiscal transfers

This paper derives estimates of optimal levels of reserves for Bolivia, focusing on current account shocks as the key balance of payments risk. Bolivia's foreign reserves are adequate, with an optimal level between...

Why Has Inflation in the United States Remained So Low? Reassessing the Importance of Labor Costs and the Price of Imports

Why Has Inflation in the United States Remained So Low? Reassessing the Importance of Labor Costs and the Price of Imports »

Source: Why Has Inflation in the United States Remained So Low? Reassessing the Importance of Labor Costs and the Price of Imports

Volume/Issue: 1999/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Chan-Lau , and Stephen Tokarick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1999

ISBN: 9781451856873

Keywords: labor costs, Phillips curve, price inflation, labor share, labor statistics

This paper examines some of the factors that have been influential in keeping inflation low in the United States during 1995–98, despite strong growth and high levels of employment. Our results identify thre...

Pooling Risk Among Countries

Pooling Risk Among Countries »

Source: Pooling Risk Among Countries

Volume/Issue: 2007/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean Imbs , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451866964

Keywords: Risk Sharing, Diversification, Enforceability, standard deviation, emerging markets, samples,

In this paper, we identify the groups of countries where international risk-sharing opportunities are most attractive. We show that the bulk of risk-sharing gains can be achieved in groups consisting of as few as s...

Information Asymmetries in Developing Country Financing

Information Asymmetries in Developing Country Financing »

Source: Information Asymmetries in Developing Country Financing

Volume/Issue: 1994/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): George Anayotos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1994

ISBN: 9781451955781

Keywords: risk sharing, moral hazard, information asymmetries, capital markets, capital market

This paper assesses the impact of information asymmetries on developing country financing and considers alternative techniques to reduce the adverse implications of such asymmetries. Following an introduction, Sect...

U.S. Investors' Emerging Market Equity Portfolios

U.S. Investors' Emerging Market Equity Portfolios »

Source: U.S. Investors' Emerging Market Equity Portfolios : A Security-Level Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2003/238

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francis Warnock , and Hali Edison

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

ISBN: 9781451875768

Keywords: portfolio choice, home bias, international risk sharing, investors, cost of capital, foreign ownership, foreign securities, institutional investors, and international risk sharing,

We analyze a unique data set and uncover a remarkable result that casts a new light on the home bias phenomenon. The data are comprehensive, security-level holdings of emerging market equities by U.S. investors. We...

Explaining Consumption

Explaining Consumption »

Source: Explaining Consumption : A Simple Test of Alternative Hypotheses

Volume/Issue: 1997/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781451968439

Keywords: Risk Sharing, Liquidity Constraints, disposable income, equation, permanent income, explanatory power, nondurable consumption

A method of testing the relative importance for consumption of risk sharing behavior and changes in current income is proposed and estimated using data across Canadian provinces. The focus of the estimation is less...

The Challenge of Diversification in the Caribbean

The Challenge of Diversification in the Caribbean »

Source: The Challenge of Diversification in the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2002/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): A. Salehizadeh , Peter Berezin , and Elcior Santana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

ISBN: 9781451859973

Keywords: growth, diversification, risk-sharing, export earnings, service exports, aggregate consumption, export diversification, trade liberalization, General,

It is typically assumed that countries in the Caribbean suffer from a lack of output and export diversification. Contrary to this popular perception, we find no evidence that output variability is higher in Caribbe...