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Financial Fragilities in Latin America
			: The 1980s and 1990s

Financial Fragilities in Latin America : The 1980s and 1990s »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Steven Weisbrod , and Liliana Rojas-Suárez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755025.084

ISBN: 9781557755025

Keywords: banking, banking system, central bank, foreign exchange, reserve requirements

By reviewing the experiences of Latin American countries with the restructuring of their financial sectors since 1982, this paper derives lessons regarding the most effective ways to deal with banking difficulties...

Financial Liberalization, Money Demand, and Monetary Policy in Asian Countries

Financial Liberalization, Money Demand, and Monetary Policy in Asian Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Robert Corker , and Wanda Tseng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752208.084

ISBN: 9781557752208

Keywords: monetary policy, money demand, central bank, financial liberalization, reserve requirements

This study examines the financial reforms undertaken by nine Asian countries in the 1980s (Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, the Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Thailand) and their implications for...

Currency Board Arrangements
			: Issues and Experiences

Currency Board Arrangements : Issues and Experiences »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Tomás Baliño

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756688.084

ISBN: 9781557756688

Keywords: exchange rate, central bank, inflation, foreign exchange, reserve requirements

This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the attractions and disadvantages of currency board arrangements in their various institutional configurations. It asks what defines a currency board arrangement, wha...

Monetary Policy Implementation at Different Stages of Market Development

Monetary Policy Implementation at Different Stages of Market Development »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Bernard Laurens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064386.084

ISBN: 9781589064386

Keywords: Money markets, money market, monetary policy, central bank, reserve requirements, money market operations

The most salient trend in monetary policy over the past two decades has been increasing reliance on money market operations, which reflects the belief that allowing market forces to allocate financial resources bri...

Assessing Reserve Adequacy in Low-Income Countries

Assessing Reserve Adequacy in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Valerio Crispolti , Era Dabla-Norris , Jun Kim , Kazuko Shirono , and George Tsibouris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616354121.084

ISBN: 9781616354121

Keywords: External shocks, reserve holdings, consumption growth, terms of trade, current account

Low-income countries routinely experience exogenous disturbances—sharp swings in the terms of trade, export demand, natural disasters, and volatile financial flows—that contribute to higher volatility...

Country Insurance
			: The Role of Domestic Policies

Country Insurance : The Role of Domestic Policies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , Torbjorn Becker , Jonathan Ostry , Romain Ranciere , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066076.084

ISBN: 9781589066076

Keywords: Insurance supervision, Insurance legislation, Insurance regulations, bonds, international reserves, domestic currency, currency crises, international financial

...

Exchange Rate Regimes and the Stability of the International Monetary System

Exchange Rate Regimes and the Stability of the International Monetary System »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069312.084

ISBN: 9781589069312

Keywords: Exchange rate regimes, Financial stability, International monetary system, Reserve currencies, Reserves accumulation, Trade integration, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rates, real exchange rate

The member countries of the International Monetary Fund collaborate to try to assure orderly exchange arrangements and promote a stable system of exchange rates, recognizing that the essential purpose of the intern...

IMF Support and Crisis Prevention

IMF Support and Crisis Prevention »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Juan Zalduendo , Alun Thomas , Jun Kim , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Bikas Joshi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067097.084

ISBN: 9781589067097

Keywords: Balance of payments assistance, Emerging markets, Foreign exchange reserves, Fund role, Multilateral surveillance, capital account, crisis prevention, capital account crises, capital account crisis, current account

This paper examines the various roles of IMF financing in crisis prevention. Emerging market economies that experienced financial crises in the past have been subject to enormous economic and social costs, highligh...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Financial Fragilities in Latin America : The 1980s and 1990s

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Steven Weisbrod , and Liliana Rojas-Suárez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557755025

Keywords: banking, banking system, central bank, foreign exchange, reserve requirements

In late 1994, several Latin American economies, particularly Mexico and Argentina, experienced sharp reversals of international capital inflows that had characterized the previous four years. The immediate c...

II Role of Banks in Developing Countries

II Role of Banks in Developing Countries »

Source: Financial Fragilities in Latin America : The 1980s and 1990s

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Steven Weisbrod , and Liliana Rojas-Suárez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557755025

Keywords: banking, banking system, central bank, foreign exchange, reserve requirements

Financial systems in developing countries are typically dominated by banks: bank deposits constitute the most important form of household savings, and bank loans are the most important source of external fin...