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The Baltic Countries
			: From Economic Stabilization to EU Accession

The Baltic Countries : From Economic Stabilization to EU Accession »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Françoise Le Gall , L. Psalida , Pietro Garibaldi , Julian Berengaut , Jerald Schiff , Kerstin Westin , Augusto López-Claros , Richard Stern , and Dennis Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757388.084

ISBN: 9781557757388

Keywords: banking, privatization, exchange rate, private sector development, banking system

Are the three Baltic countries, Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania, ready for accession to the European Union? Have their economies overcome the problems of transition? The answers to these questions and their implicat...

IMF-Supported Programs in Capital Account Crises
			: Design and Experience

IMF-Supported Programs in Capital Account Crises : Design and Experience »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Atish Ghosh , Alex Mourmouras , A. Hamann , and Timothy Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060821.084

ISBN: 9781589060821

Keywords: Capital flows, Financial sector, capital outflows, current account, private capital flows, capital inflows

...

V Financial System Issues in the Postcrisis Era

V Financial System Issues in the Postcrisis Era »

Source: The Baltic Countries : From Economic Stabilization to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Françoise Le Gall , L. Psalida , Pietro Garibaldi , Julian Berengaut , Jerald Schiff , Kerstin Westin , Augusto López-Claros , Richard Stern , and Dennis Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757388

Keywords: banking, privatization, exchange rate, private sector development, banking system

After regaining their independence in 1991 and introducing national currencies shortly thereafter, the Baltic countries undertook to stabilize their economies against a background of high inflation, large de...

VI Private Sector Development

VI Private Sector Development »

Source: The Baltic Countries : From Economic Stabilization to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Françoise Le Gall , L. Psalida , Pietro Garibaldi , Julian Berengaut , Jerald Schiff , Kerstin Westin , Augusto López-Claros , Richard Stern , and Dennis Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757388

Keywords: banking, privatization, exchange rate, private sector development, banking system

To address the issue of private sector development in the Baltic countries, many economists have focused on privatization, assuming that it is a proxy for private sector development. But as the experience of...

VII The Baltic Countries and Accession to the European Union

VII The Baltic Countries and Accession to the European Union »

Source: The Baltic Countries : From Economic Stabilization to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Françoise Le Gall , L. Psalida , Pietro Garibaldi , Julian Berengaut , Jerald Schiff , Kerstin Westin , Augusto López-Claros , Richard Stern , and Dennis Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757388

Keywords: banking, privatization, exchange rate, private sector development, banking system

Since 1993, the relationships between the European Union and the three Baltic countries, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, have deepened through a variety of agreements aimed at further developing economic and...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Baltic Countries : From Economic Stabilization to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Françoise Le Gall , L. Psalida , Pietro Garibaldi , Julian Berengaut , Jerald Schiff , Kerstin Westin , Augusto López-Claros , Richard Stern , and Dennis Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757388

Keywords: banking, privatization, exchange rate, private sector development, banking system

The process of adjustment and reforms in the Baltics deserves attention for three overarching reasons: (1) the extent and speed of transformation from the central plan and political repression to the market...

II Overview of Recent Macroeconomic and Structural Adjustment Policies

II Overview of Recent Macroeconomic and Structural Adjustment Policies »

Source: The Baltic Countries : From Economic Stabilization to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Françoise Le Gall , L. Psalida , Pietro Garibaldi , Julian Berengaut , Jerald Schiff , Kerstin Westin , Augusto López-Claros , Richard Stern , and Dennis Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757388

Keywords: banking, privatization, exchange rate, private sector development, banking system

The Baltic countries were generally considered to be among the more developed of the economies of the Baltics, Russia, and other former Soviet Union countries (BRO), with a standard of living at the outset o...

III Exchange Rate Regimes in the Baltic Countries

III Exchange Rate Regimes in the Baltic Countries »

Source: The Baltic Countries : From Economic Stabilization to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Françoise Le Gall , L. Psalida , Pietro Garibaldi , Julian Berengaut , Jerald Schiff , Kerstin Westin , Augusto López-Claros , Richard Stern , and Dennis Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757388

Keywords: banking, privatization, exchange rate, private sector development, banking system

The conduct of macroeconomic policy in Estonia and Lithuania in recent years has taken place in the context of currency board arrangements (CBAs). Under the arrangements (introduced in Estonia in June 1992 a...

IV Fiscal Issues

IV Fiscal Issues »

Source: The Baltic Countries : From Economic Stabilization to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Françoise Le Gall , L. Psalida , Pietro Garibaldi , Julian Berengaut , Jerald Schiff , Kerstin Westin , Augusto López-Claros , Richard Stern , and Dennis Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757388

Keywords: banking, privatization, exchange rate, private sector development, banking system

The fiscal issues that are of particular interest to transition economies broadly center on the role that government should play in the transition from a planned to a market economy. A key question in this r...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs in Capital Account Crises : Design and Experience

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Atish Ghosh , Alex Mourmouras , A. Hamann , and Timothy Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 February 2002

ISBN: 9781589060821

Keywords: Capital flows, Financial sector, capital outflows, current account, private capital flows, capital inflows

Increasing globalization of capital markets poses new challenges for the design and implementation of IMF-supported programs. These challenges have been thrown into sharpest relief in recent capital account...