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France, Germany, Italy, and Spain

France, Germany, Italy, and Spain »

Source: France, Germany, Italy, and Spain : Explaining Differences in External Sector Performance Among Large Euro Area Countries

Volume/Issue: 2005/401

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2005

ISBN: 9781451813036

Keywords: domestic demand, domestic_demand, world_demand, export performance, export growth

This cross-country paper explains differences in external sector performance among four large euro area countries-France, Germany, Italy, and Spain. The paper discusses that during 2001-04, the performance of the e...

The Measurement of Central Bank Autonomy

The Measurement of Central Bank Autonomy »

Source: The Measurement of Central Bank Autonomy : Survey of Models, Indicators, and Empirical Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2006/227

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernard Laurens , Marco Arnone , and Jean-François Segalotto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

ISBN: 9781451864878

Keywords: political autonomy, economic autonomy, central bank, price stability, inflation performance,

This paper presents a survey of the literature on the measurement of central bank autonomy. We distinguish inputs that constitute the building blocks in the literature, and the literature that builds on them. Issue...

Budget Processes and Commitment to Fiscal Discipline

Budget Processes and Commitment to Fiscal Discipline »

Source: Budget Processes and Commitment to Fiscal Discipline

Volume/Issue: 1996/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1996

ISBN: 9781451850079

Keywords: budget process, fiscal discipline, fiscal performance, budget law, budget act

This paper develops a political-economy model of the budget process focusing on the common pool problem of the public budget. We show that the externality arising from the fact that public spending tends to be targ...

Measures of External Competitiveness for Germany

Measures of External Competitiveness for Germany »

Source: Measures of External Competitiveness for Germany

Volume/Issue: 1994/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Feldman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

ISBN: 9781451853650

Keywords: unit labor costs, exchange rate, export growth, real exchange rate, export performance

This paper assesses Germany's external competitive position from several angles. It first examines movements in several real exchange rate indices. The analysis of competitiveness is then supplemented by usi...

Enforcement and the Stability and Growth Pact

Enforcement and the Stability and Growth Pact »

Source: Enforcement and the Stability and Growth Pact : How Fiscal Policy Did and Did Not Change Under Europe's Fiscal Framework

Volume/Issue: 2006/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Annett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863765

Keywords: enforcement, fiscal governance, fiscal framework, fiscal performance, fiscal rules, National Deficit Surplus,

The Stability and Growth Pact has been a success in numerous EU countries, especially in guiding them toward underlying fiscal balance ahead of population aging. These countries tend to be smaller, subject to great...

Productivity or Employment

Productivity or Employment »

Source: Productivity or Employment : Is It a Choice?

Volume/Issue: 2013/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrea De Michelis , Marcello Estevão , and Beth Anne Wilson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484331026

Keywords: employment performance, technology choices, tfp, recession, Technological Change: Choices and Consequences, General,

Traditionally, shocks to total factor productivity (TFP) are considered exogenous and the employment response depends on their effect on aggregate demand. We raise the possibility that in response to labor supply s...

Export Performance in Europe

Export Performance in Europe »

Source: Export Performance in Europe : What Do We Know from Supply Links?

Volume/Issue: 2013/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jesmin Rahman , and Tianli Zhao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2013

ISBN: 9781475516555

Keywords: Vertical Integration, Supply Link, Value Added, gross exports, export orientation, export performance, export growth, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

One of the most important recent developments in international trade is the increasing interconnectedness of export production through a vertical trading chain network that streches across many countries, with each...

Determinants of Government Efficiency

Determinants of Government Efficiency »

Source: Determinants of Government Efficiency

Volume/Issue: 2008/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Hauner , and Annette Kyobe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870862

Keywords: Public sector performance, institutions, expenditure, health spending, public spending, health sector, health expenditure,

We compile the first large cross-country panel dataset of public sector performance and efficiency, encompassing 114 countries on all income levels from 1980 to 2006, with about 1,800 country-year observations for...

Fiscal Rules in Response to the Crisis

Fiscal Rules in Response to the Crisis »

Source: Fiscal Rules in Response to the Crisis : Toward the "Next-Generation" Rules: A New Dataset

Volume/Issue: 2012/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nina Budina , Andrea Schaechter , Anke Weber , and Tidiane Kinda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505351

Keywords: fiscal governance, budget balance, national fiscal rules, fiscal rule, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government, National Deficit Surplus,

Strengthening fiscal frameworks, in particular fiscal rules, has emerged as a key response to the fiscal legacy of the crisis. This paper takes stock of fiscal rules in use around the world, compiles a dataset - co...

Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison

Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison »

Source: Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2005/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Lienert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451860818

Keywords: public management, budget, law, decree, performance, civil servants, financial management, external audit, decentralization, budget systems

There has been widespread adoption of new laws to support new public management. In many countries that have implemented comprehensive and deep reforms, new or amended laws have fundamentally changed the role of th...