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France: Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

France: Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation »

Source: France : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 1999/127

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 October 1999

ISBN: 9781451813418

Keywords: pension, employment, unemployment, pension system, retirement

This 1999 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economic recovery in France-which began hesitantly in the mid-1990s-strengthened in the first half of 1998 when internal demand became the driving force in a se...

Statement by the IMF Staff Representative

Statement by the IMF Staff Representative »

Source: France : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 1999/127

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 October 1999

ISBN: 9781451813418

Keywords: pension, employment, unemployment, pension system, retirement

This 1999 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economic recovery in France-which began hesitantly in the mid-1990s-strengthened in the first half of 1998 when internal demand became the driving force in a se...

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with France

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with France »

Source: France : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 1999/127

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 October 1999

ISBN: 9781451813418

Keywords: pension, employment, unemployment, pension system, retirement

This 1999 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economic recovery in France-which began hesitantly in the mid-1990s-strengthened in the first half of 1998 when internal demand became the driving force in a se...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Sous la protection de l'ombre
			: La croissance de l'économie souterraine

Sous la protection de l'ombre : La croissance de l'économie souterraine »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2003

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061514.051

ISBN: 9781589061514

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Electoral System and Public Spending

Electoral System and Public Spending »

Source: Electoral System and Public Spending

Volume/Issue: 2001/22

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Roberto Perotti , Massimo Rostagno , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451843972

Keywords: electoral rules, proportionality, public spending, transfers, electoral system, electoral systems, voter, voting, government spending, Structure

We study the effects of electoral institutions on the size and composition of public expenditure in OECD and Latin American countries. We present a model emphasizing the distinction between purchases of goods and s...

France
			: Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

France : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 1999/127

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 October 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451813418.002

ISBN: 9781451813418

Keywords: pension, employment, unemployment, pension system, retirement

This 1999 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economic recovery in France-which began hesitantly in the mid-1990s-strengthened in the first half of 1998 when internal demand became the driving force in a se...

Les économies de l’ombre

Les économies de l’ombre »

Source: Sous la protection de l'ombre : La croissance de l'économie souterraine

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2003

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589061514

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Un ouvrier d’usine conduit le soir, après sa journée de travail, un taxi non déclaré; un plombier répare un aiyau pour un client et reçoit un paiement au comptant qu’il ne déclare p...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Sous la protection de l'ombre : La croissance de l'économie souterraine

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2003

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589061514

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Sous la protection de l'ombre : La croissance de l'économie souterraine

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2003

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589061514

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...